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Custom Evolution or Revolution essay paper
Comparison of two concepts, behaviorism and functionalism shows that functionalism evolves from behaviorism and reflects its main arguments and principles. In behaviorism, all behavior is assumed to be lawfully related to the environment, but some of this behavior is related to the environment in such a way as to be categorized in action language as an agent-act, volitional, active, and brought about by a person. Functional psychology can thus be seen as compatible with the concept of agency understood in this way. Behaviorism's externalism, on the other hand, with its concentration on external environmental causes of behavior, does not follow necessarily from determinism (Skinner, 1976). Both behaviorism and functionalism place an individual to environment and explains how the mind functions and how the individual adapts himself to the environment. The main difference is that behaviorism sees mental states as stimuli while functionalism interprets them as causes of stimuli. Deterministic internal causes, relatively autonomous of the environment, are surely conceivable. With significant increases in our ability to observe and modify inner causes, the behaviorist aims of prediction and control might be well served by laws and explanations relating behavior to inner causes. On the other hand, the history of psychology gives every indication that once attention is focused on inner causes, they tend to take over: The evolutionary nature of two theories is evident as both of them use mind, environment and behavior as the core concepts. This framework is a rival to behaviorism (Owens and Wagner 1992). herefore, behaviorists attempt to come to terms with it, and they propose a variety of resolutions to this issue, an important node in the behaviorist tree diagram. Some are conceptual in that they derive primarily from a philosophical analysis of mental concepts. Relations between two theories can be explained as evolution because there was no clash of ideas that led to an eventual shift in psychological thought (Staddon, 2000). A common behaviorist interpretation of theoretical concepts is that they are merely labels for observed relationships between behavior and the environment. Most important, they do not stand for entities, events, or processes occurring in an unobserved realm in an organism's body or mind.