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There are many theories that come out in line with analyzing a given picture and trying to decipher what may be the main issue being passed across. By looking at the picture for the first time, it clearly comes to the mind that it is a session of a patient with a gynecologist. In her article, behavior in private places, Emerson clearly makes use of social constructionism to explain the gynecological examination process. Emerson states that this is a very unique process since it brings the link between public and private behavior in human beings. Women in most cases undergo many complications or sicknesses that need the attention of a gynecologist. When this happens, it prompts the need to visit a gynecologist whom one has to open up to. Such cases call for internal examination and thus as a woman, one has to open up her private parts to the gynecologist for examination. This is not the case that a woman always has to open up what is private to her to everybody or reveal it to other people. A patient has to be very free with the gynecologist and tell them what they are going through. This breaks the ice between them and is constructive since by doing so it will be easier to open up.
According to Emerson, it is a priority to construct a social environment when at a gynecologist. Has to feel at ease whenever explain the situation that she is suffering from. It also calls for clear understanding between the patient and the gynecologist in order to avoid wrong prescriptions. By looking at the photo, inference plays a big role in revealing to our mind what is taking place. It helps in fully explaining the context and details of the photo. This is a quality that has to be possessed by the person who is out to identify the given issues in that particular instance or picture. In that, an observer can be able to draw a conclusion which may be right or wrong, or right to a certain extent. This, however, calls for one to have an inner eye, or insight whenever analyzing the given picture. There might be different conclusions or explanations of the photo according to different viewers. The different conclusions as drawn by different people can be right depending on the logic one uses to explain the photo. These variations greatly affect the notions that people have in the end on a given picture. This may also be basis for debates and analyses that a geared towards a given area or issue. Using this, many aspects in the photo are brought out. It is now logic that the setup is a hospital. The woman is lying on something like a bed with her legs in stirrups (Selzer, 1996). This second observation though is not that obvious. Using the first observation, we can deduce that the woman is undergoing a pelvic examination. In her article, Emerson talks about aspects like the setting, language and costumes used in a public or private place. This greatly influences the perceptions that people may have on the given scenario or case in picture. The picture automatically fits the explanation that it is a hospital setting. The environment in the picture clearly illustrates this fact, with no disparity. The gynecologist can clearly be seen in a lab coat, used by doctors or those in the hospital fraternity. The positioning of the doctor in the picture also brings out this fact. This is a scenario of clear examination.
Inference, on the other hand, greatly helps in creating and also bringing out more knowledge of the issue at hand. It gives insight, from a deeper point of view, in line with getting the gist of the happenings in a given place or in this case, the picture. By knowing what is shown in the picture when first seeing it, knowledge of such places then emerges. This fact emanates, either from experience of visiting a gynecologist, or reading many stories about a given scenario, in this case a visit to the gynecologist. Inference calls for one to relate the current situation with a given experience that he or she ever had in time. It allows one to go beyond the obvious, and argue out with all the norms in order to decipher the real situation at hand (Mitchell 1978).
According to Burke, an American literary theorist and philosopher, setting, language and costumes is also important because it helps us make sense of what we see. He came up with a social and political rhetorical analysis which he called “dramatism” (Burke 1969). Burke strongly believed that this approach to language analysis and use could give a helping hand in understanding the reasons for conflict, the virtues and dangers of cooperation and the opportunities of identification and consubstantiality. He clearly defines language as a symbolic means inducing cooperation in human beings thus natural response to symbols (Sokal 1999).
By looking at the picture, the mind of the viewer is quickly brought to task. The person seeing the photo starts thinking of the setup and the language used in such a setup. This fact is greatly essential in line with deciphering what the picture or image portrays. If the individual is familiar with the language, then they can easily explain the setup in the photo. This is a quality that is necessary whenever analyzing any picture or work of art. Language makes an individual have ideas of what to say about what they have observed (Coe 1994). It gives one the liberty to clearly assess and differentiate between what the author had in mind and what the specific person could perceive. People have varied perceptions about issues and hence this may in turn influence the final analysis of a given piece of work. He proposes that when human beings attribute motives to others, they tend to rely on ratios between five elements. These elements are act, scene, agent, agency and purpose. This has since been referred to as the dramatistic pentad, which is greatly grounded in his dramatistic method that considers communication among human beings as a form of action (Paul 2006).
Dramatism makes an individual consider motives in a perspective as being drawn from analysis of drama. By observing the act taking place in the picture, an individual is able to relate what they see and what they know. This means that one is at liberty to put issues that he or she once handled during their lifetime and identify how they may relate to each other. This is a strong quality that he tends to advocate for in terms of analyzing a given text. The scene of an action helps a viewer to easily connect and find out the context of the photo. In this case, the act and scene of the woman with her legs stirrups quickly brings the mind of the viewer to start thinking of a hospital setting where a gynecologist is observing a patient. The environment at which the picture was taken comes out as a great aid in line with deciphering what may actually be taking place at that instance. The woman is the agent or the subject matter of the photo being attended to by the agency who happens to be the gynecologist. This analysis is aided by the scene of the picture, something clearly brought out in the theory. All this helps an observer create the purpose for the visit and as it clearly comes out, there must be a problem which the patient wants observed. The fact that the patient is a lady also underscores the fact that the scene must have been a hospital, and a gynecologist is the one attending to the patient. The scene, therefore, is a great component of analyzing a given picture.
The five elements are correlated and they help the viewer make sense of what they see. They give one the liberty to wander in many perceptions that may emerge or ponder in their minds. It now becomes easy for the viewer to have a rough idea of what is taking place in the whole context. It helps us identify the roles of different people involved in the context. It clearly comes out that it is the gynecologist’s duty to observe the patient and be ready to give results of the observation (Procter, 1981). This also comes in handy in differentiating the roles of those involved in the setting. The photo clearly depicts the process that takes place at a gynecologist. For a pelvic observation to take place, the patient has to lie in a certain position as depicted in the picture with her legs stirrup. It shows that the patient and the doctor correlate in a way in that there has to be a patient for the observation to take place (Raskin 2002).
Social constructionism comes in when the viewer uses the knowledge he or she has to demystify what is happening or the context of the photo. From the little knowledge an individual has, by looking at the picture, they can easily connect the setting and the context. Thus it becomes very easy to have an idea and explain what is taking place. Social constructionism is the general idea an individual has just by having a glance at a picture. It is what they can socially construct from their mind from what they have heard or experienced. When a lady sees this picture, if they have been to a gynecologist, then they can easily explain the context. One can also explain this especially if they have read, seen, watched or have been told of what takes place when one visits a gynecologist. This is the idea behind these theories, as they only aid in the analyzing of a given scenario, like the picture of this task (Mair 1977).
Emerson and Burke have been extremely instrumental in line with coming up with ideas on how one can decipher the major issue being brought out in a given piece of art or picture. By the initiation of social constructionism and inference, one can be at an ideal position to analyze any given picture (Hacking 1999) Application of one’s experience and relation with the environment at that place is essential in line with this analysis. In this case, through observation of the picture, it clearly comes to one’s mind that it is a session of a patient with a gynecologist, aided by the hospital environment and the clothes put on by those in the picture. One can relate to this fact by use of any past experiences and vast knowledge of the hospital environment.