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Many people think the society to be a network of relationships between different entities. Essentially, a society is a group of people with a common culture and territory (Heer, 1968). The understanding of the society revolves around interaction and the social structure of a group of people. Social structure is the behaviours and relationships between people in a society. The members of the society have the same mind and work together for a mutual benefit. These people follow their own values and norms within a prevailing society. The structure, composition, and the societal beliefs best describe the society.
Largely, a society is social, economic, or industrial infrastructure that comprises of the varied sorts of people. The members of society come from different ethical groups. The most significant element in society is the culture. Individuals from the same society share common culture, and this sharpen their way of living. Their means of lifestyle and survival define their culture. Culture elaborates the pattern of human activity (Socialist Party of Canada, 1997). The literature, art, language, and religion of individuals represent the culture of a society. The size of the ethical groups varies in terms of size. In Bhutan, a large cultural group follows the western society culture. Individuals in the society normally share the same religion, values, and traditions, hence this results in an exceptionally strong social bond.
The personal conduct in the society is crucial. In a society, honour comes upon an individual when he or she performs a desired or admired action. A unique character he or she portrays recognizes the individual. This recognition appears in the form of dressing code, financial status, title or name. Community action, scapegoating, generosity, shared risk, and reward are common phenomena to many forms of society.
There are different types of society that have different subsistence strategies. This is the technology application to fulfil their needs. Anthropologists have categorized the society according to the extent to which different groups in the society have unequal access to power, resources, or prestige. Virtually, all the societies have the inequality amongst their people regarding power, prestige, wealth, or social stratification. Sociologist categorizes the society into pre-industrial, industrial, and post-industrial.
In pre-industrial society, the main economic activity carried out is the food production. This involves the use of human labour or the animal labour (Knox et al, 2003). These societies can further be subdivided into gathering, hunting, horticultural, pastoral, and feudal. This is due to their method of producing food and their level of technology. In the hunter and gatherer society, there is daily hunting of wild animals and collection of wild food. They do not build permanent houses, and by the end of it, they come up with groups such as the tribes and bands. Hunters and gatherers living in areas with sufficient resources form complex hierarchical social structure such as chiefdoms due to their large numbers. The horticulturalists rotate their garden plots, and this makes them stay in an area for a long time. This leads to the development of the permanent and semi-permanent villages.
In post-industrial societies, there is domination of the services, information, and high technology, which is more than the food production. It is an advanced industrial society with advanced services. These include banking, law, health, education, government, and research. It is difficult to identify the effect industrial society will cause.
Society is paramount to individuals. It forms an organized group of individuals who support each other in many ways. It is during tough times that one recognizes the importance of a society. The members of your social group render the required support. This is through emotion, or in physical, financial or medical form.
Society unites people from different ethnic groups. Social networks have united people from different societies across the globe. The interaction leads to emergence of strong social bond that comes up in a durable relationship. The organisation creates heart of any social group involving the relationship and the family system that comes by the family system.
The resources that satisfy basic needs form a significant part of the society structure. These needs include public transport, public health, and educational facilities (Socialist Party of Canada, 1997). The government harmonizes a society. The government manages the resources, both natural and human, that belong to the society and controls the distribution of the resources to the public. Society thus provides us with the central regulatory authority that is dependable.
In conclusion, the society’s individuals need to be concerned about each other. The most significant principle of a society is to move together in life and take part in communal movement. Being a part of the society means accepting everyone and taking them along; it is about taking a common decision and achieving a common goal. Racial discrimination, economic gap, social inequality, overpopulation, and poverty are some of the major challenges in society at present. As an organized group, it is the individual’s obligation to form solution for the betterment of society. Working together is one of the reasons why society is of importance to us. This gives one a platform of taking communal efforts towards improving social conditions. Finally, society strongly supports individual’s life.
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