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Bram Stoker’s Dracula contains several elements that can be traced to the Romantic Era. He uses a stream of journal entries as well as letters to give a clear account of the narrative. This he does in such a way that it presents a first person point of view throughout the narration. In his choice of characters, Stoker reflects on several elements of romanticism through imagery, use of supernatural powers, innocence as well as obsession with youth. This paper investigates the various elements of imagery that Stoker has incorporated into the story and analyses their effective use. In addition, the paper investigates the use of supernatural powers, youth and innocence as elements of romanticism. The elements of super humanity are clearly depicted in many other occurrences in the story of Count Dracula. For example, while people would only need a drink of water and a cool shed to relax from a hard job, Dracula required Transylvania Earth to be placed beside him to help him achieve a great rest. 

  1. Possession of Supernatural Powers

Dracula clearly exhibits supernatural powers that normal humans cannot possess in their life time. For example, he could tell that the person who was driving Jonathan Harker’s coach was Count himself long before he could see Jonathan. This is quite extraordinary in the sense that normal humans can only talk with certainty about things they have seen or have been told about. Thus, when Dracula seems to possess this supernatural ability, he portends of the Romantic Era. According to literature, the society accorded such people with utmost respect considering that no one could really know what they were capable of doing. They were mysterious humans as they were known at the time. For example, Dracula made a surprise emergence in London as a wolf followed by immense thunderstorm. Later on, he uses his extraordinary powers to seduce and eventually hypnotically rape Lucy. As a result, Lucy’s health begins to deteriorate prompting her former suitors to come to her aid. The positively recognize her condition as a kin to that of a victim of a vampire. It is instructive to note that this entire time ordinary people like Lucy could not recognize the problem with her. They thought that she was an ordinary victim like other people who could have been having injuries at the moment. It was only a few people with extraordinary powers who could realize exactly what had happened to her. Indeed, it is strange that even Lucy could not decipher the kind of injury she was suffering from. It is either the supernatural powers of the Dracula had blinded him or it was simply due to the fact that she was an ordinary human. These are typical characteristics of the Romantic era that was marked with several extraordinary activities (Bram and Leah and John and Colton 2010).

In addition, he seemed to have commanding force over wolves that had cycled during the nocturnal journey. Just by merely sweeping his arms across, he managed to brush aside the wolves, causing them to fall aside. Even still, his voice seemed to send the wolves into a panic mood as clearly narrated in the Dracula story. These showed that he had immense powers over nature, something that humans cannot do. Stoker narrates how the man got out of the window and began crawling down the steep walls of the castle. He further explains that he spread his cloak to act as wings that he then used to fly. He could grasp the corners the construction rocks and crawl over the wings with great speed, more like a gecko. It is in this regard that some of these features help to create a link between the ordinary world and the Romantic era that was marked with extraordinary occurrences. Count Dracula was not an ordinary human being because while he looked like one, his abilities were closer to that of other animals like reptile or amphibians. Normal humans are not able to undergo this kind of metamorphosis. Thus, it can be concluded that Dracula exhibited extremes of extraordinary powers that confounded both allies and foes. According to literature, he was even immune to sun and he would not burn on contact with sunlight. However, he was easily repulsed by certain plan extracts like garlic and sacramental bread. These traits are clearly not characteristic of normal human beings. as for normal human beings, they would easily be harmed by heat or extreme sun’s radiations. In fact, it could go to the extent of killing the victim completely. From the forgoing, it is clear that the story is characteristic of the romantic era.

Count Dracula is also shown to have extraordinary strength that is equivalent to over 20 strong men. When still alive, he is portrayed as immune to any physical harm or attack. According to literature, the only means that would cause his definite death is a sacred bullet shot through his heart. In some instances, a wooded stick thrush through the heart is thought to have the ability to kill him. In human history, all ordinary humans can be killed the ordinary way. Thus, when one appears to die only under certain conditions, he or she cuts a niche higher than normal humans. This was typical of the Romantic era considering that normal humans lacked the ability to do most o the things that Dracula could. His powered could certainly be rated somewhere between humans and a supernatural being. In fact, he only lacked in a few elements so as to qualify to be a god going by the historical definition. He also seems to have the powers to defy the natural force of gravity to a very great extent. This is particularly appreciated when he climbs a steeply wall against the force of gravity. There is no doubt that such things are only possible for crawling animals and not human beings. That is why it raises eyebrows when an individual who is considered human exhibits these abilities. Indeed, even people who are considered spiritually holy do not show some of these characteristics. It is in this regard that some of these features help to create a link between the ordinary world and the Romantic era that was marked with extraordinary occurrences. Count Dracula was not an ordinary human being because while he looked like one, his abilities were closer to that of other animals like reptile or amphibians. 

Dracula also had a rare ability to control weather conditions to work in his favor. For example, he could order the occurrence of mist so that he could use the poor visibility as his hiding place. And when he felt tired and exhausted, there was little that could help his situation other than fresh blood. According to literature, this was typical of vampires who would go to the extent of killing in order to get blood for their consumption. Vampires are known to possess the powers to make other people have similar powers. While one may choose to ignore Count Dracula as any other human, he showed several traits that are not known to be possessed by ordinary human beings. For example, the writer notes that Count Dracula could ably transfer his vampire powers to any one he wished. It is the reason people did not want to associate with him for fear of being made a vampire. As for Lucy, a single bite on the throat sufficed to enable a transfer of these powers to her. She then started to behave like a real vampire herself to the amazement of everyone. In real life, people fight and end up biting or pinching one another. However, they do not suck their blood at the same time unless they have an extraordinary love for blood. Thus, it becomes a matter of literary concern when the writer portrays Count Dracula to possess this queer trait. Worse, Count Dracula is shown to have the ability to infect others with his weird animal abilities. It becomes clear that he belongs to a special category of human beings that is larger than life. Unfortunately, it is Lucy who becomes a victim of his evil powers as she is bitten and made a vampire herself.

Although full of immense strength, Count Dracula was stronger at night than he was in broad daylight. He did not live a life like that of every other human beings who have their lives in a more organized manner. They do their meaningful activities during the day and retire to bed at night. However, Dracula appears to show extreme weakness at night and gain more strength at night. It could be due to his evil supernatural powers that could not survive in the presence of light. This characteristic is only seen in nocturnal animals that become more active at night and relatively inactive at daytime. In addition, Dracula could take different forms depending on the time of the day. For example, he would take a particular form at noon and drastically change at dusk and eventually a completely different one at dawn. Normal humans are not able to undergo this kind of metamorphosis. Thus, it can be concluded that Dracula exhibited extremes of extraordinary powers that confounded both allies and foes. According to literature, he was even immune to sun and he would not burn on contact with sunlight. However, he was easily repulsed by certain plan extracts like garlic and sacramental bread. These traits are clearly not characteristic of normal human beings. The elements of super humanity are clearly depicted in many other occurrences in the story of Count Dracula. For example, while people would only need a drink of water and a cool shed to relax from a hard job, Dracula required Transylvania Earth to be placed beside him to help him achieve a great rest. In as much as people would want to deny that Dracula did not possess these powers, the story leaves no doubt as to what kind of individual Dracula was.

  1. Fascination with Youth

Stoker was certainly preoccupied with youth when creating the Dracula story. There are quite a number of things he associates with youth that should not have been. For example, when Dracula initially meets Mina he decides that these characters must be young people and then goes ahead to associate their meeting with a dating game. There seems to be some sort of preoccupation with youthfulness because these characters could have been of any age. The reader therefore remains asking just why they had to be of that age and what exact message the writer intended to convey. In addition, when word comes all the way from Jonathan to Mina, she behaves like a real youth by first eloping from the castle and proceeds to marry him in Romania. These particular moves are not extraordinary, but the choice of young people to be characters in these scenes does not seem to serve any particular purpose. In addition, a more youthful scene appears to take shape in the story when Dracula manages to transform Lucy into one of the most dangerous vampires around. The youthful colleagues like Seward remain with no option but to kill Lucy for their own safety. Later on, Jonathan‘s rage about the incident drives them into destroying all the boxes that belonged to Count Dracula. As a result, Dracula seeks asylum in a bid to avoid being killed himself like Lucy has been killed already. He is determined to escape death by all means and uses his supernatural powers to evade being killed. With this series of inclusion of youths in the story, it appears the writer has a special liking for the youth. He is perhaps more comfortable with young people in his story as compared to elderly people although this does not serve any literary purpose.

When the writer arranges for a meeting between Mina, Helsing and Dracula’s brides, it becomes purely an affair of the youth. Although frightened, these young people cannot avoid the temptation to make out some other time. Mina even attempts to seduce one of them thereby depicting the reality of their youthfulness. Although she intended to feed on their blood, the youthful innocence written on her betrays them that she could not harbor such ill intentions. It is at this point that Helsing places a holy cloth on her head in order to wade off attack by the evil people. At dusk, a group of young hunters arrive in pursuit of the Dracula and a fight between the two groups immediately ensues. In the process, Morris is stabbed causing him to bleed profusely almost to death. When he gets up, he also stabs the Dracula with a Bowie knife in the heart as that was the only way to kill him. At that point, Dracula begins to stagger and he is helped out by Mina who had since become a vampire. As the fight ensued, Hollywood makes a bold move to attack Harker and Helsing but they vehemently resist his moves towards Count Dracula. In the end, Morris is pronounced dead surrounded by a large group of his friends with they had been trying to defend themselves. This marked the onset of more religious things ahead as Dracula returns to the Chapel to denounce God. He ends up dying like an ancient devil to the amazement of everyone around him. For those who had doubted that he was some evil vampire, it becomes clear that they had been associating with the devil himself. At this moment, Dracula utters words that had not been characteristic of his speech. He pleads for peace to prevail among the people he had been terrorizing. That was quite laughable a move!

  1. Innocence

In the entire novel, Dracula is shown to only suck blood from young people, thereby showing his deep preference for young innocence. At the beginning of the story, he is portrayed to have the looks of an old man. The reader therefore begins to expect that he would associate more with elderly persons in the story. However, the opposite appears to happen as almost all the other characters are young people. Perhaps, Dracula want people he can take advantage of who appear to be young and trusting fellows. After all, they would not suspect him of any evil machinations because they would not know. It is the reason he uses minimal effort to get his victims harmed and blood oozing for him to suck. Indeed, the fact that his age as well as hair change from white elderly hair to more youthful hair shows that he is moving back towards youthful innocence with every blood he drinks. In fact, it appears that he is motivated to kill young people by his burning desire for youth. While one may choose to ignore Count Dracula as any other human, he showed several traits that are not known to be possessed by ordinary human beings. For example, the writer notes that Count Dracula could ably transfer his vampire powers to any one he wished. It is the reason people did not want to associate with him for fear of being made a vampire. As for Lucy, a single bite on the throat sufficed to enable a transfer of these powers to her. She then started to behave like a real vampire herself to the amazement of everyone. These traits are not possessed by normal human beings and therefore their exhibition by Dracula makes the reader think that something out of the ordinary was happening (Bram 2009).

The writer portrays most people in the story as innocent victims of the evil deeds of Count Dracula. This seems to transcend throughout the story right from the beginning to the end. For example, Lucy seems unaware that Dracula had the powers to transform her into a vampire. That is probably why she makes no effort to avoid her potential killer even when the danger of being killed becomes eminent. In addition, when a confession is made that Dracula had not only killed Lucy, but had also been traumatizing Mina’s friends the reader begins to wonder why these innocent persons should be targeted by the Dracula. However, a few people seem to know about his intentions and sound a warning to their colleagues beforehand. For instance, Ranfield warns Mina that Dracula had been seen around and therefore she should try as much to avoid encounters with him. Indeed, even the Dracula gave a false impression of innocence to everyone who met him. Even while is asylum, Renfield knew that it would be hard for Mina to avoid him because there would be nothing to be suspicions about. Thus, he takes the responsibility of informing her in order to avert a possible death of a colleague. According to the literature, no one had thought that Dracula had murdered Lucy until he confessed it. This shows that while he continues to indiscriminately slay their colleagues, people around still don’t suspect such things of him and willingly associate with him. It is a dangerous level of trust, especially for someone who can do a lot to harm his colleagues. However, it is a risk that these young people exposed themselves to be having too much trust in their potential killer. This is one area where the element of blind innocence becomes apparent.

  1. Imagery

The prevalent image in the entire story presents a mood of rage and furry at the unfortunate events taking place in the story. Nearly all vampire stories are connected with blood and consumption of human blood for a living. The exact meaning of this weird behavior lies in the differential interpretation of the reader. Essentially, blood is only used as a symbol of antihuman behavior of vampires. While they are portrayed to possess extraordinary powers, vampires unfortunately use this power to harm and not protect humans. They indiscriminately kill other humans and drink their blood for food. In fact, it gets to a point where they literally become thirsty for blood, prompting them to go hunting for humans to kill. Blood is used in the story to depict the inhuman nature of vampires and the Dracula in particular. The use of blood in Dracula stories also brings religious connotation that can help decipher something more about their character. It simply drives the readers’ thoughts to the biblical story of Jesus. He prepared a holy communion and gave his disciples some wine to drink to signify his blood that was shed. Some historians have interpreted this move to imply cleansing of the soul and the people concerned. The question that remains unanswered with regards to the story of Dracula is just what is being cleansed (Bram 1990). Is Dracula aware of his ungodliness and therefore drinking of human blood to cleanse him? This is a real possibility considering that humans are not known to develop thirst for blood. Rather, they get thirsty for water that they can obtain without having to kill another creature. Indeed, Dracula seems to know the extent of destruction they cause by killing other humans for blood or even simply harming them. It could be the reason why they constantly go for more blood to cleanse themselves. This characterizes the story to the Romantic era.

  1. Emphasis on Emotions

The story depicts lots of emotions stemming from various encounters between different people. At the start of the story, people describe Dracula in such a distorted way that it becomes apparent they have little love for him. They say that he had a strong face that was not attractive and his lips looked like those of a dying geriatric. The only positive traits that people seem to give are related to his strength and these serve to make him young. Thus, the reader begins to think that while Dracula had the looks of an old chap, he could actually be younger than he appeared. Apparently, people had even hatched a plot to make a bond against him and so he responds by making a bond to snatch all their women and make them his. In this regard, he manages to transform Lucy into one of the most vicious vampires, and this scares people around her to death. For example, her mother got scared that she dies at the sight of her. She could not possibly believe it was her daughter becoming a human killer, a foe to humanity. Dracula also shows some preferential emotions towards young people. In the entire story, he only sucks blood from young chaps. He prefers to take advantage of young people who are considered innocent by the society and make them his victims. Indeed, the young blood he sucks seems to make him grow younger as happens in the story. According to literature, Dracula became younger towards the end of the story. This clearly depicts a sense of emotion that people have for one another. While it cannot be figured out what emotions Dracula had because he was superhuman, the people around him clearly loathed him because he was potential danger to their lives. This is typical of romanticism.

  1. Heroism

Dracula is shown to possess certain characteristics of a hero. He is shown to have extraordinary strength that is equivalent to over 20 strong men. When still alive, he is portrayed as immune to any physical harm or attack. According to literature, the only means that would cause his definite death is a sacred bullet shot through his heart. In some instances, a wooded stick thrush through the heart is thought to have the ability to kill him. In human history, all ordinary humans can be killed the ordinary way. Thus, when one appears to die only under certain conditions, he or she cuts a niche higher than normal humans. This was typical of the Romantic era considering that normal humans lacked the ability to do most o the things that Dracula could. Although full of immense strength, Count Dracula was stronger at night than he was in broad daylight. This characteristic is only seen in nocturnal animals that become more active at night and relatively inactive at daytime. In addition, Dracula could take different forms depending on the time of the day. For example, he would take a particular form at noon and drastically change at dusk and eventually a completely different one at dawn. Normal humans are not able to undergo this kind of metamorphosis. Thus, it can be concluded that Dracula exhibited extremes of extraordinary powers that confounded both allies and foes. According to literature, he was even immune to sun and he would not burn on contact with sunlight. However, he was easily repulsed by certain plan extracts like garlic and sacramental bread. These traits are clearly not characteristic of normal human beings. The elements of super humanity are clearly depicted in many other occurrences in the story of Count Dracula. For example, while people would only need a drink of water and a cool shed to relax from a hard job, Dracula required Transylvania Earth to be placed beside him to help him achieve a great rest. 

By giving Dracula the ability to control nature including weather conditions, Stoker confers in him a rare heroic act. He had the power to determine the kind of lives people would live in his society. According to literature, Dracula also had a rare ability to control weather conditions to work in his favor. For example, he could order the occurrence of mist so that he could use the poor visibility as his hiding place. If he could manage to do this, then it meant he could order a season of drought of call in rain to save people’s farms from drying. This is only possible for people who are considered by the society to be heroes (Charles and Eddie 2010). In addition, when he felt tired and exhausted, there was little that could help his situation other than fresh blood. According to literature, this was typical of vampires who would go to the extent of killing in order to get blood for their consumption. Vampires are known to possess the powers to make other people have similar powers. While one may choose to ignore Count Dracula as any other human, he showed several traits that are not known to be possessed by ordinary human beings. For example, the writer notes that Count Dracula could ably transfer his vampire powers to any one he wished. It is the reason people did not want to associate with him for fear of being made a vampire.

According to literature, the society accorded such people with utmost respect considering that no one could really know what they were capable of doing. They were mysterious humans as they were known at the time. For example, Dracula made a surprise emergence in London as a wolf followed by immense thunderstorm. Later on, he uses his extraordinary powers to seduce and eventually hypnotically rape Lucy. As a result, Lucy’s health begins to deteriorate prompting her former suitors to come to her aid. The positively recognize her condition as a kin to that of a victim of a vampire. It is instructive to note that this entire time ordinary people like Lucy could not recognize the problem with her. They thought that she was an ordinary victim like other people who could have been having injuries at the moment.

Several events that take place in the story depict Dracula as a hero of his time. However, he appears to be a hero of unique traits because while other heroes use their immense powers to benefit their people, Dracula uses his powers to victimize the very people he should protect. . This shows that while he continues to indiscriminately slay their colleagues, people around still don’t suspect such things of him and willingly associate with him. It is due to a dangerous level of trust, especially for someone who can do a lot to harm his colleagues. However, it is a risk that these young people exposed themselves to be having too much trust in their potential killer. For instance, his voice seemed to send the wolves into a panic mood as clearly narrated in the Dracula story. These showed that he had immense powers over nature, something that humans cannot do. Stoker narrates how the man got out of the window and began crawling down the steep walls of the castle. He further explains that he spread his cloak to act as wings that he then used to fly. He could grasp the corners the construction rocks and crawl over the wings with great speed, more like a gecko. It is in this regard that some of these features help to create a link between the ordinary world and the Romantic era that was marked with extraordinary occurrences. Count Dracula was not an ordinary human being because while he looked like one, his abilities were closer to that of other animals like reptile or amphibians. Normal humans are not able to undergo this kind of metamorphosis (Bram 2009). Thus, it can be concluded that Dracula exhibited extremes of extraordinary powers that confounded both allies and foes.

In conclusion, there are several elements of super humanity are clearly depicted in many occurrences in Stoker’s story of Count Dracula. For example, he exhibits supernatural powers that normal humans cannot possess in their life time. For example, he could tell that the person who was driving Jonathan Harker’s coach was Count himself long before he could see Jonathan. This is quite extraordinary in the sense that normal humans can only talk with certainty about things they have seen or have been told about. Thus, when Dracula seems to possess this supernatural ability, he portends of the Romantic Era. Dracula is also shown to possess certain characteristics of a hero by the fact that he exhibits extraordinary strength that is equivalent to over 20 men. When still alive, he is portrayed as immune to any physical harm or attack. According to literature, the only means that would cause his definite death is a sacred bullet shot through his heart. In some instances, a wooded stick thrush through the heart is thought to have the ability to kill him. The writer also portrays most people in the story as innocent youths who fall victims of the evil deeds of Count Dracula. This seems to transcend throughout the story right from the beginning to the end. For example, Lucy seems unaware that Dracula had the powers to transform her into a vampire. That is probably why she makes no effort to avoid her potential killer even when the danger of being killed becomes eminent. In addition, when a confession is made that Dracula had not only killed Lucy, but had also been traumatizing Mina’s friends the reader begins to wonder why these innocent persons should be targeted by the Dracula.

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