Art Styles

Cubism refers to the 20th century art movement which revolutionized the European artwork in the early 20th century. The artwork was initiated by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque whose works inspired similar movements in literature and music. Cubists’ artwork involves breaking up objects, analyzing and then reassembling them in an abstract form (Dempsey 112). Objects are not depicted from one perspective; they are analyzed from different viewpoints to give a larger context. Einsten’s relativity theory and Picasso’s Cubism are interrelated. They put into perspective revolutionary art and visionary physics. Both movements arose in the pre-World war period, in which people started viewing the world differently.

Although Picasso’s earlier works depicted a sense of personal interest, Guernica painting represented his cry of protest following the merciless killing of 1600 defenseless citizens in the Spanish town of Guernica. The painting surpasses the artist’s earlier works in that he portrayed the desolate state of his immediate surroundings (Dempsey 113). Expressionism depicts an artistic style in which artists attempt to elicit the objective reality in artistic works, as opposed to the subjective emotions aroused by objects around them. This is achieved through exaggeration, distortion, fantasy, and the application of formal elements.

Expressionism manifested itself in Germany in 1910 (Dempsey 113). It is an international movement that inherited medieval forms of German artwork movements such as Gaugin, Van Gogh, and fauvism movements. French and German forms of expressionism synchronize with Friedrich Nietzsche. He speaks about critical subjects such as religion and morality in his literary work by means of aphorism, irony, and metaphor (Dempsey 114).

The French and German form of expressionism differed. The Germans attempted to attach spiritual significance in their work. The French exhibited expressionism intensely, emotionally, and vividly, on the contrary. This was depicted in Henry Matisses’s painting, The Joy of Life. The artist renders naked figures posing in a beautiful and a natural setting. The figures depicted in the painting are posing in the sun while engaging in joyous activities. Les Demoiselles de Avignon of 1907 was Picasso’s earliest work. It is a representative of German’s form of expressionism. The painting depicts the prostitution of Paris at the time. The women in the painting are depicted as seductive and horrifying at the same time (Dempsey 114).

The Armory Show is a contemporary, modern art fair that takes place in New York on March 13th of every year.  It is of major significance to art in that it showcases the most significant artworks of the 20th and 21st centuries. It carries art’s legacy and combines an array of the world’s leading galleries through a program of arts and events.

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