Comparison of Music


In the synthesis of the chapter 9 “Music” of Cultural Studies by Michael Ryan, there is articulation of differences between contemporary and conventional ways of socialization. Cultural studies need an extra mile to comprehend as one exchange his or her experiences through different forms of musical artifacts. Several customs emerge and spread across the entire world because different communities have varied experiences on common issues dependent on the factors that affect musical customs. This relies on geographical regions, religion beliefs and type of media. Popular music precedes visual performance, which is also preceded by digital media. The characterization of the music genres for performance among the young generation depends on consenting ideologies of liveliness and bodily ambition. This characterization and the comparison to the older generation, therein, form the essence of this paper.


The most evident norm in the music genre is how the young generation wants to live by the rules of the old. In essence, this forms the line of similarity, although the notion of performance depicts the difference. For instance, sexuality has turned out to be the platform for discovery that opens various links of social standards in the contemporary society. Media traditions develop techniques in addition to fashionable music, to tell the difference of their natural history and possessions. The entire world is in the status of evolution, which is a correlation between modernist and postmodernist articulation of the genres of music. Postmodernism has become the subject of criticism as it is headed to veering its way into the musical environments.

For instance, Katy Perry’s intentions in the “Hot n Cold” constitute the heterosexual idealistic rapport.  The song depicts heterosexuality as a sexual magnetization amid persons of converse gender, which is collinear with both the contemporary and conventional societal and cultural norms. In the video clip of the song, the singer appears to disclose her attire, which is a deviation from the understanding of the cultural norms. This is not a recommended sight especially for the under age. Although this is considered a deviation from the norm, the song in itself shows the naivety of the boy child, who could be chased through arousal of sexual feelings from the dress codes of the girl child.

On the other hand, “I Kissed a Girl” not only starts on a high note but also echoes the contemporary hop music style. The song forms a deviation from “Hot n Cold” in that the transcending theme depicts conveyance of the message of opposite sexual relationships. The song is a pillar of mockery to the gay lifestyle, where the rules of sexuality are constrained to a bisexual nature of formation as opposed, to people of the same sex. This is in contention with the implied norms of the society, which acts as a tool of preservation of the cultural norms. On the converse, “I Kissed a Girl” sung by Jill Sobule deviates from preservation of these rules and cultural norms in that it advocates for protection of the rights of gays.  The singer not only portrays her past experiences of life but also forms a soothing commemoration of the same gender kiss first experience. This has led to the deterioration of behavior as it has fueled the growth of unfavorable followers from the gay families.


Michael Ryan spreads a basement for individuals across the world to be at par with their culture and the influence of technological advancements therein. This is achievable through the application of the genres of music that are in good correlation with both the conventional and contemporary accepted cultural norms.

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