The Great Gatsby (2012) film has been chosen for the analysis of gender, race, class or power. The piece of media facilitates legitimization hegemonic understandings of race, class, and gender and creating and reinforcing ideologies promoting subordination and domination by borrowing from F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel of 1925. It reviews F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel, the Great Gatsby in context to the America’s societal settings after the First World War, during the prohibition era when every American had his/her personal style of showing off their riches and class, whether by the type of house they live in, the type of women they marry or by the type of cars they drive.
The American Dream can be traced back into the 1600s, when Americans began exploring the wide new unexplored continent inspired by the hopes and aspirations they developed. While Gatsby works are fiction, it is an insight into the feelings of actual life during the “roaring twenties” (Ralph , 2001). Fitzgerald’s novel, The Great Gatsby has been observed by many as an icon for the “prohibition age” and the “Jazz Age” a time when alcohol was illegal and a time of extraordinary wealth and assurance (Ralph , 2001).
Gatsby, in this novel is the secret rich man that resides in a bungalow across the lake from Tom and Daisy. Occasionally, there would be some kind of bash going on at his home, however, for a few reasons he would never attend to them, he would most of the time observe from his window. Nick Caraway is Daisy’s cousin who comes to pay her the courtesy (Millett, 2004). Nick wants some place to live, so he comes across an advertisement for a visitor cottage that Mr. Gatsby possesses. Nick after relocating becomes pretty close friends of Gatsby. Jordan wonders who the real The Great Gatsby is. Therefore, she uses Nick to discover more about him. The vehicle in The Great Gatsby is a very important theme winding up the story. What matters in The Great Gatsby is an inspirational manipulation of the vehicle as image to achieve various endings (Ralph , 2001). O’Meara goes says that when Fitzgerald stresses on mechanism and reduces visuals, he depersonalizes automobile and highlights the OLSON 3 conduct of their drivers. The challenging of the motor vehicles existence in The Great Gatsby, frequently midpoints on one or the other, of these two functions (Ralph , 2001). The outcome of the automobile is that it ends up killing Kenneth, Myrtle, and Irving Saposnik discuss the cars symbolism from a technological point of view.
The Great Gatsby (2012) film on Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby, reviews the Americans struggle and attitudes toward achieving the American Dream (The Great Gatsby Trailer, 2012). The unfolding events are about the western civilization since the rebirth has been one of the highly expected hope of attaining something that was new. Liberty, technology, knowledge and science brought man nearer to a utopia as the decades and centuries passed by. Amid the dawn of the twentieth century, man was in the position of striving to achieve his past dreams when his dreams fell down in disappointment and miserable pessimism. The place that was affected most was in America; since Americans had the greatest dreams but the fall was being shattered.
Miller and Fitzgerald are both in the position to utilize their characters to express the suffering and the dignity of the inconsistent American Dream. In the Fitzgerald novel The Great Gatsby, Jay Gatsby, the focal point of the story, is an individual character who yearns for the past. Amazingly he dedicates most of his grown up life style striving to recapture it and, in the long run, dies in its quest, indication that the American dream is actually, an illusion aspiration. The main point in The Great Gatsby is the miraculous adventure of Jay Gatsby. Being a wizard during the 20th Century civilization, Gatsby strives to acquire the recognition of his peers. He is unable to publicly expose his powers in order to protect his social tolerance. The ultimate dual he encounters with "Gerald Williams" costs him his life, presenting how society can never bare the differences in relation to the American Dream.
Media analysts postulate that Gatsby undertakes the American Dream, in addition to issues of marital infidelity, class, wealth and materialism that directly relates to real life experiences. Fitzgerald’s expressions and ideas are reflected in the characters of narrator Nick Carraway and of Jay Gatsby. A Gatsby extravagant lifestyle that does not impress Nick is a reflection of Fitzgerald’s feelings towards the “Jazz Age,” a lifestyle that he adopted. As a middle-class educated Midwesterner, Fitzgerald like the narrator valued the material wealth of the era. But after the World War 1, he fell in love with a rich southern socialite –Zelda Sayre. The Great Gatsby reveals Fitzgerald’s immediate embrace of disregard of the 1920s luxury.
Focusing on class (wealth differentials), media consumers are of the view that The Great Gatsby (2012) film portrays economic stratification. As a matter of fact, this is the end of the first chapter of The Great Gatsby novel and it brings into our knowledge the first icon- that mysterious green light. In our first encounter with the green light, we observe Gatsby embracing it to an extent of praising it. Later, we realize that this light is at the end of the dock- Daisy’s dock. This is a pictogram of Gatsby’s future dreams and hope with Daisy since renewal, hope and promise are represented by the color green. Afterwards, in the last chapter, Fitzgerald matches up Gatsby Green light to the “green breast of the new world” (Ralph , 2001), this is a comparison between Gatsby’s dream of rediscovering Daisy and the explorer’s realization of America and the pledge of a brand new continent (Ralph , 2001). Nevertheless, Gatsby’s dreams are tainted by his possessions for the material wealth and finally his dream dies because of Daisy.
The second chapter introduces us to the “foul wasteland” of the current world. In The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald refers to it as a “valley of ashes” (Oakley, 1996) from which only Dr. T. J. Eckleburg’s eyes see over it from the nearby billboard. This part of the novel is reflected in real life experiences as material-driven world that main character lives in (Oakley, 1996), a factor that destroys Gatsby dream. One of the key points in this chapter is the material gone mad and advertisements that are symbolized by Dr. Eckleburg eyes. Daisy confirms to Gatsby that he reminds her of an advertisement, an indication that she does not like Gatsby for himself, but for the superficial delusions he symbolizes. In a broader view, material features of the American Dreams are disclosed through advertisement. And also, through advertisement beauty, eternal youth and wealth are frequently emphasized, which are accordance with the Gatsby youthful dream to pursue Daisy, a character that Fitzgerald never wished to develop.
From The Great Gatsby (2012) film, Gatsby changing his name is an impression of a new look (The Great Gatsby Trailer, 2012). Earlier explores travelled through America in search for the assured new world, fleeing the corruption of their old world (Oakley, 1996). From that America itself became corrupt, as well as the characters in the Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby who moved from east to west-in search of sophistication and wealth-leaving the stability and moral values of the west at the back. The eastern side is referred to as “valley of ashes” by the narrator, a place where only material-driven, superficial people can live in harmony, and moral values do not take into consideration. This change depicts the weakening of the Americans dreams and ideals, a reflection that our quest for sophistication and wealth is damaging our culture and moral values making us to live in a “wastelands” of morals (Oakley, 1996)
The unfolding events reflect three major examples of change, for example a change is depicted when Daisy and Tom frequently change their residential areas before settling at East Egg. Another example is when Gatsby begins a new life from scratch after changing his name-all with the intention of falling in love with Daisy. Also the changing seasons symbolically represent the unfolding events during The Great Gatsby. The green light is a symbol of hope and promise-a hope that the ‘ash heap’ of the present will change to that in the future (Oakley, 1996), where American Dreams come true. The present reflections of the ash heap are the eyes of Dr. T. J.Eckleburg which are described differently throughout the novel. In chapter two it indicates advertising gone mad and materialism, indicating how corrupts American Idealism and Dream have become (Ralph , 2001). American spirituality has been proven corrupt in the novel through our pursuit for material possession and wealth, and is symbolized by comparing Dr. Heckleburg eyes to those of God giving them a different meaning.
Change is also depicted when Gatsby moves from opposite east to west direction that symbolizes the loss of the cultural and moral values in America today-a symbol of corruption. It is found out that only one character changes throughout the storyline of the novel: Gatsby by basing his dreams in his youthful thoughts, he is unable to change and Daisy and Tom cannot grow economically because they live in wealth, eternal youth and beauty. However, Nick’s lifestyle greatly changes throughout the novel and this is shown in the two statements that he makes.
All the symbols described above when consolidated give us the main point that Fitzgerald is trying to put across- the American spirituality and idealism have been greatly affected by wealth and material possession. Gatsby is not successful in perusing his dreams because of the material wealth that he possesses. He is not successful even before he begins and this shows the unforgiving nature of the land as in Fitzgerald’s “wasteland of ashes” (Halberstam, 1993).
Although the future is farther than we can imagine we should not lose hope, but to continue striving and one day we may accomplish our dreams. Halberstam described in his novel that “in a society dedicated to capitalism and maxim, the ability to purchase a big house and a nice car separates those who are considered successful from those who are not” (Halberstam, 1993). While this question holds, how can someone achieve success? Many Americans consider the formula of gratification, instant, elusive and albeit instead of holding on the traditional work ethics (Halbertstam, 1993). In the industrialization era after the civil war, most of the Americans experienced suffering in the changing economy (Halbertstam, 1993). Those who believed in hard work became successful financially and through that success God’s grace was felt.
The novel “rags to riches” has been an inspiration of the American Dream. Its main theme teaches that, through self-sacrifice, hard work and frugality one can become financially successful and socially mobile. Horatio Alger, Ben Franklin counseled industry and Abraham praised the labor system of the north and this helped to draft the fundamental guidelines for prosperity and success in the land of immeasurable possibility. There are Americans who still abide by these guidelines and are appreciated for their efforts; however, most still believe that American Dream’s promise of riches still holds, and they feel they are subjected to some financial success.
Moreover, it is evident from The Great Gatsby (2012) film that power or position is the word that can summarize the theme of the novel The Great Gatsby. It includes themes like social standing, class, wealth and others. Gatsby spent most of his time in search of material wealth such as money and status so that he can attain certain class in life. Daisy and Tom utilize their positions to reflect how people can apply their positions and power to undermine others and lead their lifestyles carelessly. As Nick narrates about Daisy, “in a moment she looked at me with an absolute smirk on her lovely face as if she had asserted her membership in a rather distinguished secrete society to which she and Tom belongs” (Ralph , 2001), it is this bold thought that gives Tom to indulge himself in infidelity and Daisy to escape after the death of Myrtle. They never take such situation seriously because they believe that they are too smart. But from Nick’s point of view, it was a sign of carelessness. They destroyed most of the things only to take refuge under their money. They can utilize their money and position to avoid wherever they choose.
Class and social status is one of the main key themes in The Great Gatsby (2012) film, which have been drawn from the novel (The Great Gatsby Trailer, 2012). It is a positive check to all characters. Real life experience is symbolized by East and West Egg. People from the East Egg are well bred and refined and this is where Tom and Daisy lived. Gatsby and Nick are from the West Egg, a place composed of people who had no social class even if they are wealthy (Dines & Humez, 2010). The river that separates these two worlds symbolizes the barrier that prevents the characters from mixing freely, and this is what prevents Gatsby from getting Daisy, a woman he has always wanted.
In conclusion, though, moral entrepreneurs are trying to subvert hegemonic narratives surrounding race, class, and gender in the show’s depictions of people by campaigning against social (class) stratification, it is till prevalent in the society, as depicted by Great Gatsby Trailer (2012) Movie, which borrows much information from the novel. As chapter six approaches the end, Gatsby observes pavement blocks forming a ladder and he knows he can climb it alone if he wishes. This is a symbol of the social ladder and Gatsby has a choice to make between class and love. His attempts to achieve both of them results in destruction. Moreover, it is evident from The Great Gatsby (2012) film the issue of class is very distinct (The Great Gatsby Trailer, 2012). Consumption of alcohol is evident. In the 1920s the societal setting was materialistic and most of the people were obsessed by level of class, pleasure and money. Alcohol promoted the acceptance, attraction and ignorance of such societies. Nick’s reputation for parties quickly transforms as he continues to consume alcohol. This type of life is also evident in the New York City as Nick says during the party at Tom’s apartment is his second time getting drunk in his entire life. The setting of the novel is during the prohibition era in America when transport, sale and manufacture of alcohol were illegal. This shows that Tom and Gatsby were above the law, a situation which depicted their power and influence in the society.