The Temple of Athena

Both the Temple of Athena and the Arch of Constantine serve as reminders of some important events that took place in these two different places. The sculpture on Temple of Athena for instance is made up of three friezes namely, North,  depicting a battle between the Greeks entailing Calvary. The South frieze ; decisive victory over the Persians at the battle of Platea , while the East frieze showed an assembly of the gods Athena, Zeus, Poseidon, rendering Athenian religious beliefs and revenges for gods bound up in the social and climate of 5th century.

The Arch of Constantine however was elected to commemorate Constantine’s victory over Maxietius at the battle of Melvian Bridge which is virtually important to Christian history.

The Temple of Athena has a tetra style, ionic temple with colonnaded porticoes at the from and back respectively. The Arch of Constantine on the other hand has large monolith columns of white marble surrounded with identical inscription on both sides.

While the statue of Athena Nike stands inside the small 5mX5m naos , the inscriptions of the Arch of Constantine is on the outside of both sides with statues of prominent people of the time.

The Statue of Athena Nike is made of wood while the Arch of Constantine’s inscription is made of bronze thus cannot be destroyed by erosion or weathering. The Athena statue is holding a helmet in her left hand and pomegranate , symbolizing fertility in her right hand and evident ly enough , the statues on the arch of Constantine are holding crosses symbolizing Christianity.

The general layout of the main façade of the Arch of Constantine is divided into 4 columns of the Corinthian order, made of white marble. The temple of Athena coincidentally , has modest dimension  of 27Ft long , 181/2 Ft. wide and is 23 ft. in height , creating elegance and refinement  not commonly found in ionic buildings.

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