Homeless and Schizoaffective Disorder


Homeless people with the serious diagnosis of schizoaffective Disorder contain an approximated one-third of the whole homeless community in the United States of America. In important towns from New York to San Diego, homeless people with the severe disorder are now an acquired part of the metropolitan landscape. Moreover, they make up a considerable percentage of the homeless who take the subways during the night time, sleep on footpaths and hang out in public places including libraries and bus stations . Numerous others live sheltered from the view of fellow citizens, walking quietly across the streets by day, talking to their own voices just when they think nobody is looking. The problems of homelessness in the globe is considered to eb one of huge matter, the amount of people who have dropped into the trap of the homelessness during the years is significantly growing. At the same time, homeless people lack human, social and health needs while the mental illness is on the rise. In fact of the human era of environmental devastation, it is social responsibility to take care of homeless with schizoaffective disorder and provide them a chance to rehabilitate, despite the monetary status.


Population at risk

The homelessness became a national problem in the middle of 20th century as one of the unintentional outcomes of the closing mental clinics without giving replacement therapy for people with the most severe mental disease. Previously hospitalized people without means who were incapable to live separately moved to live on the streets, making up an increasing part of the homeless community. With the short amount of openly sustained psychiatric beds contracting essentially each year and those beds that continue frequently applied to the criminal perpetrator, access to medication for firm mental disorders including schizoaffective and bipolar disorder is becoming more limited. It leads to growing amount of people who need intense services to prevail variable and practice negative outcomes. Starting in the beginning of 1980s, numerous studies regularly started to report that about one-third of the homeless people were afflicted by schizoaffective disorder, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or extreme depression. Until the late 1990s, these with pressing mental illness were told to be 10 to 20 times more probable than the overall population to become unsettled and homeless .


The schizophrenia originally starts to develop in the period of the late adolescence and early adulthood, along with the initial primary psychopathic break normally occurring between the ages of 19 to 32. It is considered that during this period, most people are extending their study or setting the foundation for their work and family purposes . When the schizophrenia takes hold throughout this episode in the life, it can be difficult to achieve those purposes or stay on the identical life way. It is not just confusing to the person experiencing from the disease, however also to their relatives, partner, and other people who take care of them. Even when the primary signs are managed efficiently, it can still constantly be a strain for the personality to interact with others, have flourishing relations, care for oneself and keep any motive to achieve or succeed anything.

It is one of the major destruction of ones healthy life and vision can quickly lead to a downward spiral that all too usually ends in homelessness. The absence of social contact, work abilities, and capacity to concentrate and express apparent concepts and intentions leads to alienation from everyone and everything they can have existed love. In addition to this, the schizophrenic can display very small passion or matter. It can present it challenging for loved ones to remain encouraging him or her. A person with the schizoaffective disorder tends to separate, usually making it difficult to maintain track of him or her in general. The diagnosis of schizophrenia can cause about an infinite amount of alterations to the life of the person. In addition to this, the schizophrenia can significantly influence all the thoughts, intentions and future strategies for those who have to live the life with this disorder. Terrifying illusions and delusions are a regular part of the disease. People can hear voices attempting to persuade them that the real people who take care of and love them are plotting against them or attempting to regulate them. Thus, it is the reason why people with schizophrenia usually separates and withdraws from the life involving the relationships with other people.

Statistical data

It is expected that 20 to 25% of the homeless community in the USA is considered to be severely mentally sick. Of those who are diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder, 6% of patients are homeless at any provided period.that regard, in April 2016 review of New York Citys homeless community informed that unprotected homeless people were most expected to be seriously psychologically ill single men. A 2010 research discovered 26% of Pennsylvanias homeless people to be severely psychologically sick . In accordance with the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 25 to 30% of the homeless people in the United States of America experiences from some form of the difficult mental disorder. At the same time, in a 2013 review conducted by the U.S. Conference of Mayors, 25 towns were required for the three biggest problems of homelessness in their areas. In addition to this, the schizoaffective disorder was found to be the third biggest problem of homelessness for single women and men (cited by 49% of the whole number of cities). The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) announces general data on homelessness amongst the national mental health department patients. In 2014, SAMSHA announced that 195,820 patients 3.4% of all nation mental health patients nationwide lived in homeless houses at some period throughout the couple past fiscal years. Given that numerous people with the most serious mental illnesses including schizoaffective disorder get no therapy, this unavoidably underestimates the real amount of psychologically ill homeless people in the USA. In this regards, in 2014 the US Housing and Urban Development examination based on a one-night number of people resting on the streets determined that 575,809 people in the USA referred to the homeless community while 24% were classified as seriously mentally ill. The particular tendency is recognized in all principal cities, however, also in small cities and towns. The quality of life is for people who are homeless and psychologically ill is bottomless. The review study of 578 homeless people in Los Angeles separated them into those who had been earlier received treatment and those who had not.

Reasons for escalation

Some studies discussed the risk circumstances for homelessness only among people with schizoaffective disorder. It did not investigate the significance of the schizophrenia itself or the relevant consequence of the schizophrenia and poor family support as risk determinants for homelessness.In this regard, homeless females with schizophrenia differed from never homeless equals within two of the three areas: family framework and illness symptoms. Both the unvaried and the logistic regression studies showed that poor family care is an important risk determinant of the homelessness. Due to this fact, researchers cannot determine that poor family maintenance the first reason for homelessness. Meanwhile, the poor family care is not a danger factor for the primary assault of homelessness, scholars dispute that it is a danger factor for the endurance of the homelessness. At the same, the family living settings are shared among the seriously psychologically ill. The lack of a chance to live with family produces the necessary to find the home in a street along with couple possible choices. Compared to male counterparts, females who finished up within the homeless group were more expected to be addicted to alcohol and/or drug abuse, unsociable personality disease, as well as the poor family support. However, in comparison to findings for males, the logistic regression study showed that profound family care was a more significant risk determinant for females than were any of the variables in the disease area. The outcomes were compatible with a reconciliation report; the impact of substance abuse can be to lower family care, that in turn drives to homelessness. Unsociable background while partly reconciled by family care, seems to have a separate impact on the homelessness. Eventually, numerous findings imply that schizoaffective disorder and family characteristics of the female with schizophrenia should be strictly controlled in order to limit the level of the homelessness.

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Homeless and schizoaffective disorder in the Canada

In modern days, homelessness, as well as the danger of the homelessness, is considered to be a severe reality for numerous Canadian citizens. It is not defined to the particular group in the society, however, it can influence youth, male and female, one? or two?parent households, the retired people, new emigrants, and Aboriginal Peoples. Numerous studies illustrate that people who are homeless are more apparent to encounter the mental disorders. For some, these problems can lead to the onset of the homelessness. In this regards, studies report about the higher rates of schizophrenia cases among the homeless population.For instance, In Toronto, Ontario, 7 percent of 300 shelter users proclaimed a psychopathic disease, originally the schizophrenia. At the same time, in Vancouver, British Columbia, the study stated that 26 of 124 shelter users had a psychic health issue; of these, 7 recognized their mental health issue as the schizoaffective disorder. Thus, the continuance diagnosis of the mental illness was the announced reason for becoming the homeless person. Various types of the housing (supportive and supported housing) are accessible to people who are displaced and different mental health issues including schizoaffective disorder. This type of housing tends to be small?scale and focus on the recovery treatment and community integration therapy. In addition to this, some research shows that the expenses associated with supportive housing are moderate compared to the costs linked with crisis shelters.

Social, economic and environment costs

A constant increase in the homelessness in the USA leads to reasonable analysis and action to counter the consequences on the social and economic area. In particual, it is significant for the government to build an approach that provides for society to cooperate together, despite the social status to influence development socially, economically and environmentally for the better results. Regrettably, there is a cultural disgrace rotating in terms of the homelessness. At the same time, aesthetics play a significant role along with the sight of used drug apparatus, unwashed and unclean people who often generate an image that most are too embarrassed to see. The display produces a litany of caution symbols to the possible consumers of businesses in the cities of USA and even more usually, a thought of the crime based on anxiety and inadequately discharged narcotic paraphernalia. Usually, this display can shift away possible clients regionally, and more significantly investors looking to build a new business for those possible buyers. Possible investors and landowners are usually working at a loss from the control of these fields, as business conditions have reduced due to the perception of homeless people. Moreover, the improvised shelters almost close to the business and residential areas. These shelters are important for the homeless people with schizoaffective disorder, however, serve as a hindrance to most investors and consumers equally. Consequently, the homeless community can reduce local business income, as result of the general concern and hatred that has become a strength perspective of the prosperous one. This concept is based on common business and social suggestions. It is considered that people will not populate regions they consider unsafe, therefore less foot movement in neighborhood stores and companies and less interest in the suburban estate.

In accordance with the 2014 cost-benefit study conducted by the national program that assembled census information that stated the annual price of homelessness to the state comes to 1 billion dollars per year. This includes payment for services such as medical care as well as the law enforcement contain budgets for the whole society. Most of these expenses come from implementing sufficient medical care, houses for the homeless people with schizoaffective disorder.

It is significant to mention that the amount is varied, however, it presents a concise summary of how much assets are designated to supporting help the demands of the society. In order to show, the government increased the police patrols, demanding more officers and a larger guarding canvas against transfer homeless into shelters. The significant demand for more finance was relevant, however, would be completely useless if the issue could be resolved (best case situation) or at least if the government could notice a dramatic reduction in the general homeless community.


The national government has made attempts to reduce the issue of homelessness on approximately every level for the last couple years. However, general resolutions have shown to be obscure, despite billions of dollars spent during this time. At the same time, the national government has placed a list of intentions of ending homelessness with the schizoaffective disorder by 2016 and chronic homelessness by 2017. Although achieving these goals seems to be much incomparably off. The shelters are considered to be absolutely helpful in that they provide night beds and roofs to these people who do not have these, particularly during the cold and rainy nights where relaxing outside can be disastrous for some people. At the same time, these shelters are especially expensive to keep. Nationwide, the normal monthly expense for assisting a family in a crisis shelter is estimated 4,919 dollars. Meantime, numerous homeless people have determined that they avoid shelters as they have heard about the bad experiences over there. Moreover, they went through the act of the violence, robbery, or another injury in these apparently safer places.

Charges that make this issue worse

The deinstitutionalization is considered to be the process of substituting long-stay mental hospitals with less private community psychic health community for those diagnosed with a psychic disorder. It was contributed to the rise of the homelessness in the United States of America. The country has undergone two stages of deinstitutionalization. The first stage started in the 1950s and targeted people with different mental illness including the schizoaffective disorder. At the same time, the second stage started approximately 15 years later and centered on people who had the developmental inability. Deinstitutionalization continues today, though the movements. There are various social units directed to a movement for deinstitutionalization; scientists usually grant credit to six principal circumstances: critiques of government mental clinics, the establishment of mind-altering medications within the thearapy, and government wants to decrease expenses from mental hospitals. As the result, mental health system seems to be less full with criminally engaged with people as the criminal justice system is with psychologically ill people. It Illustrates almost a collapse of the policy of deinstitutionalization.

Implications on the future social work practice

Homeless people confront multiple obstacles to engaging within the mental health practice in conventional environments, involving complicated social service, pharmaceutical, and mental wellness demands; high degrees of the substance application diseases; different preferences that can replace mental health practice; and, especially with street homeless people, a suspicion of supporting specialists. In addition to this, homeless people can have energies that can be provided in the treatment, involving the well?developed street abilities and experience of the service policy. Aggressive outreach to homeless people includes making the connection with the social worker on their conditions. The assertive identity therapy is an evidence?based system that has been modified for homeless people. It employs a multidisciplinary plan to implement case patterns, mental health and substance therapy, crisis mediation, employment assistance, and family assistance to people in the neighborhood. Homeless outspoken community therapy organizations have been discovered to reduce psychiatric hospitalization and crisis room performance, improve housing security, decrease symptom cruelty and, especially important for commitment, develop outpatient appointments.

What can enhance social welfare, social work practice, and desire?

Despite the usage of the assertive community practice pattern within the treatment commitment, there is a small amount of knowleadge regarding the particular factors that encourage commitment, particularly among homeless people. A contemporary qualitative research with assertive identity processing staff, not concentrated on those who are homeless, recognized as primary factors for engaging customers. At the same time, the therapeutic community among staff and clients, endurance and flexibility, the preparation of possible support and assistance rather than an individual focus on medicines, the team decision-making process, reception of patients as they are, and compliance. The crucial time interference is another evidence?based training centered on accommodating homeless people involved in the treatment, with a special center on days of the change, such as the transferring from the hospital to the shelter. The important time interference workers present time?limited intense state management applying a phase?based method with reducing power over time. The pattern combines practical support, linkage, support, and motivational improvement to increase individual's long?term links to assistance and supports. Consequences involve the reduced danger of the homelessness following hospital release and reduced sign.

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Two practices

  1. 1In the modern time of Internet, smartphone usage, and social media assist to connect more people to help each other. It appears suitable to examine how to apply these technologies in the practice of those with a severe mental disorder to increase the commitment. There are numerous theoretical approaches that data and interaction technologies can increase commitment and enhance practice, with various different devices to address. There are numerous studies have proposed that those who have problems adhering to or fighting in practice can have difficulty imagining recognized power. In addition to this, numerous homeless people with the severe mental disorder can feel alienated, marginalized and discredited. Due to this reason, and different others, the value of social services can improve commitment in those with severe mental disorder.
  2. During the past decade, the peer provider network chains have blown across the United States of America and companion providers now endure in various treatment environments, as well as free?standing peer?run companies. The peer assistance has been described as a method of transmitting and getting assistance established on fundamental sources of the honor, assigned accountability, and complementary compromise''.

To conclude, in modern days, the schizophrenia affects a more than 1 percent of the population in the United States of America, however, it is much more common among the homeless population. Unfortunately, lack of funding is a significant barrier to the successful implementation of supported housing programs. There are still not adequate support to provide sufficient assistance to the homeless people and those are diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder. There is need to be made to guarantee that supplies are designated, and used properly, efficiently, and in ways that will most efficiently accommodate the psychologically ill homeless community.

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