Theories and Models of Leadership and Management
Leadership models are essential in explaining the behaviors of leaders. Two main leadership models are identified. They are the Four Framework Approach and the Managerial Grid. The Four Framework Leadership Model indicates that leaders depict leadership traits in one of the given frameworks under its premise. These include structural, political, human resource, and symbolic. This model gives credence to all the frameworks as it is defined that the situation at an organization is what determines what framework should be incorporated in the leadership. McNichol et al. (2007) indicates that the Four Framework Leadership Model is similar to the Managerial Grid Model that also requires an effective leader to fall in the middle of its grid meaning that one possesses all the four qualities of a leader that are in its grid.
This paper explores the Four Framework Leadership Model in relation to other leadership models.
According to Gold et al. (2010, P. 132), structural framework features as one of the components of the Four Framework Leadership Model, and it describes a structural leader as focusing on strategy, experimentation, adaptation, environment, and structure. Thus, this framework asserts that an effective leadership situation has a leader who is a social architect and bases his/her leadership style on analysis and design. The Human Resource Framework, which is also a component of the Four Framework Leadership Model, points out that an effective leader should be a catalyst and servant. Thus, the ideal leader should be supportive, empowering, and advocating for the welfare of his juniors (Daft, 2008).
On the other hand, The Political Framework presents an ideal leader as one who is an advocate and believes in coalition and building. This framework asserts that a leader under its framework employs manipulation when the situation seems ineffective. According to Bush (2003), leaders under this framework employ three tactics to get what they want, and these are persuasion, negotiation, and coercion respectively. Lastly, the Symbolic Framework asserts that leaders under its framework are inspiring during the situations where the leadership is effective. However, in ineffective situations, leaders under this framework are depicted as fools or fanatics (Cole, 2003).
The Four Framework Leadership Model is an essential tool for leaders in business because it gives credence to all the styles that it presents, indicating that the styles can be effective or ineffective, which relies on the situation (Cole, 2003). This model is also essential as it calls for leaders to rely on all the frameworks rather than only one or two, as organizations undergo different situations that require diverse ways of handling the problems at hand. The demerit of the approach is that it recommends different frameworks for various situations, which will make employees not familiar with the leadership style of their senior, as the leader will employ different frameworks every time.
Both the Four Framework Leadership Model and the Managerial Grid Model have one common feature. They both assert that an effective leader should possess the four frameworks that they present. The Four Framework Model is similar to the Managerial Grid Model because they both consider some leaders as inspiring, who motivate employees by using rewards.
In conclusion, two main leadership models abound, and they include the Four Framework Leadership Model and the Managerial Grid. The Four Framework Leadership Model contains four independent frameworks that all leaders should possess. These frameworks include political framework, symbolic framework, structural, and the human resource framework. According to research, these frameworks are applicable by a leader in different situations, which can be deemed as effective or ineffective. The merit of the Four Framework Leadership Model is that it gives credence to all its frameworks, and since organizations undergo various seasons or situations, the outline frameworks can be applicable depending on the situation. The Four Framework Leadership Model compares with the Managerial Grid as they both advocate for a leader to possess all the qualities advanced in their Grids.