Manufactured Landscapes

Leonard postulates the material processing cycle in her short film in an approach that is both baffling and shocking. The insights she brings our attention to are aspects of this cycle that we pay no attention to. However, the reality of the matter is an eye opening position clearly outlined and well expressed by Leonard in order to open our eyes to the truth of the matter.


The contemporary world is marked with the need to make life better and more efficient. As a result, new inventions crop up each day. Most of these inventions are geared towards streamlining the conventional world functions. The production cycle comprises material manufacture, product fabrication and packaging according to Virgon (p 10). All these processes constitute the search for a better product compared to the raw material used. However, by looking at the process in totality, one is baffled at how the transformation process affects our lives.

Normally production involves extraction of the desired product from the raw materials that is deemed unusable in their original form. As a result, the production stage is characterized by the need to obtain better and more refined products. The use of energy is bound to make production an unpleasant affair for the environment. The contemporary world is caught in the middle of a climatic crisis in the category of global warming. Global warming is the product of use of fossil fuels, which has accelerated in the same magnitude as industrialization as posited by Weart (p 29). However, as posited by Leonard (p 4) the outcome of production is nothing short of harmful and destructive substances.

The process is marred with inclusion of chemicals and substances whose impact on nature and human beings is detrimental to health. The interaction of the synthetic material used is the origin of known neuritoxins and carcinogenic compounds whose short-term and long-term effects are fatal in the least. Most of materials used during production are unnecessarily toxic. A cost-benefit analysis of the use of such material reveals that use of such products accrues more harm than benefits.

Numerous alternatives to the products as well as production methods are safer and more affordable. However, most of these products pass the safety checks are designated harmless by the concerned institutions. Waltner-Toews, (p 219) outlines that production has found its way into our dinner table since most of the foods we consume is processed. As a result, the intake of these products augments the levels of toxins present in our bodies.

Each stage of the production cycle emits an amount of waste materials. In most cases, the waste materials are disposed off in the most appropriate way (Leonard, 5). Most of the waste material are recycled and used to produce valuable by-products, which add value to the organizations activities. As highlighted by Leonard, no production unit outlines the real amount and extent of waste material it emits during the production cycle. Similarly, most companies are not able to dispose off the waste in any appropriate and responsible way.

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