Russia is a country that is known for a unique culture of its people. The country became a separate country in 1991. The majority of the business people in the country have had little experience of cooperation with other cultures and countries. This has led to the development of a unique negotiation culture among the Russian people, with its unique characteristics and requirements. This essay attempts to analyze some of the characteristics of the negotiation techniques of the Russian people. This negotiation analysis will consider the aspects such as relationship and respect, communication styles, initial contact and meetings, and the entire negotiation process (Katz).
Relationships and Respect
The Russian culture expects its people to uphold a certain sense of belonging and conformation to a group or society. In the negotiation process Russians expect to build a lasting and trusting relationship with the other negotiating party. This is a requirement for the success of the negotiation process. When Russians engage a party in a negotiation process without the establishment of a personal relationship, they may be intending to take unfair advantage of the individual (Katz).
In Russia, there are several native languages other than Russian. Many Russian negotiators do not speak fluent English. In fact, most of them may claim to understand everything that the other party says, when in actual sense, the Russian individual does not understand anything. When negotiating with Russians, one must consider having an interpreter.
Contacts and Meeting
Russians always want to have full information of the client that they are meeting with before the negotiation process. Thus, it would be fair for the negotiating party to schedule the negotiation meeting at least two or three weeks before the actual day. This will give the other negotiating party ample time to provide information to the Russian counterparts. Russian negotiators have a tendency to try to convince the other party that they have the experience of being successful in a certain sphere of business. During the negotiation process, Russians tend to exaggerate their potential and abilities (Millitzer).
The Russian Negotiation Process
Attitudes and Styles
In the Russian society, the primary approach towards a negotiation process is the employment of a distributive and contingency bargaining. Given the unstable nature of the country’s political and economic environment, most negotiators have a tendency of focusing on the short term benefits of the subject of negotiation. Most Russians consider a negotiation process to be a zero-sum game, where the gain of one side equals the loss of the other party. In the vent that the parties establish a relatively strong relationship, there are chances for the negotiation process to be personal. In addition, most Russians love technology and they appreciate and respect the western level of expertise. Numbers and size also impress Russians. Thus, any negotiator would get the best of the Russian negotiators in the event that he offers superior figures and size (Millitzer).
Sharing Of Information in the Negotiation Process
Most Russians believe that privileged information add a party to the negotiation process a competitive and bargaining edge over them. Thus, Russians are usually very reluctant in sharing information during the negation process. In most cases, they only disclose the basic information that the other party requires during the negotiation process, failing to disclose other key aspects of the deal (Katz).
The Pace of the Negotiation Process
Most Russians prefer a slow rate of the negotiation process. They tend to slow and protract the negotiation. In fact, during the early stages of bargaining and negotiating process, the other non-Russian party may feel that they are making no progress at all. The Russian negotiators prefer to keep the high-level discussions until the other non-Russian party gets down to the details of the deal.
Russians prefer to employ a polychromic style of work. This style involves the pursuance of multiple actions and goals in parallel. When in the negotiation process, Russians take a holistic approach and may often go back to the previous issue in the negotiation process, instead of attending to issues in a sequential manner. On many occasions, Russians will tend to revisit issues that the negotiating parties had already finalized. This slows down the negotiation process (Katz).
Bargaining During the Negotiation Process
Even though some Russians are highly skilled in negotiating, a majority of the business people in Russian have inadequate experience in the bargaining field. However, this lack of experience does not make them easy preys in the negotiation process. Russians can be extremely patient, stubborn, and persistent negotiators. It is usually a hard task for the other negotiating party to obtain concession from a Russian. According to the Russian, compromise is a sign of weakness. They may, therefore, be resistant to taking the side of the other party, unless the other negotiating party provides sufficient evidence that supports their claim (Katz).
In addition, Russians have a high tendency of employing deceptive techniques in a negotiation process. This may include tactics such as telling lies and providing fake non-verbal information, pretending that they do not fetch interest in the whole negotiation process, giving wrong interpretations of the value of the deal under negotiation or making false demands and concessions.
After The Inclusion in the World Market
After Russia joined the world market, the negotiating techniques of most Russian businessmen have improved tremendously. As at now, Russians can comfortably negotiate with other non-Russian parties in English. Russians have also learned to embrace the cultural diversities of different people that come from various countries. Since the inclusion in the world market, Russians have also learnt to appreciate other aspects of the negotiation process other than the figures and size of the deal (Bennett 74).