The main philosophy behind going into business is to achieve the highest returns for the investment. However, the costs involved have to be considered, especially regarding labor. Costs of labor differ from other forms of costs because the source of the factor is a fellow human being.

Part I:  

In the early 20th century, business owners in America were motivated by profits at the cost of the welfare of the workers. As a result, working conditions were least of the worries of the entrepreneurs. The invention of sweathouses solved the problems of the investors while compounding those of the workers. According to Faccarello (2002), most states prefer to refrain from interfering with the actions of industries in an economy. As a result, the industry players are free from regulation by the government in the process of carrying out business. Under such circumstances, businesspersons are under the forces of demand and supply.

Social Darwinism is drawn from the postulations of Charles Darwin regarding survival of the fittest. In the social quarters, Social Darwinism defines the justification of individualism in all aspects of life (Hawkins, 1997). As a result, proponents of Social Darwinism advocate for imperialism and nationalism at the backdrop of individualism. According to the gospel of wealth, the rich entrepreneurs should place measures to ensure that their wealth is distributed in the fairest way possible. By so doing his wealth will contribute positively to the lives of the needy and poor (Garfinkle, 2007).

Part II.

The search for income generating employment is bound to drive numerous individuals to contend with conditions that do not measure up to the work place regulations of the contemporary world. Under such a compromised position, individuals find themselves unable to command a change in the dismal condition in which they carve a living. Sweathouses, as the name suggest are characterized by conditions that are wanting in regards to quality and quantity of basic amenities.

As posited by “The story of the fire” (2004), the working conditions and workers at the site were total contravention of working condition. Long working hours, under-age employees and minimal pay in addition to other forms of exploitations had completely paralyzed the ability of the workers to push for better relations. The huge power wielded by the owners contributed to the decision by the workers to turn a blind eye since their choices were limited (Drehle, 2003). The building housing the business was ill prepared for any emergencies owing to the failure of the owners to structure fire and safety procedures. As a result, most of workers died since there was no fire escape for use incase of fires.

Part III.

The poor working conditions were the source of the fire at the cloth factory. As a result of the incidence, workers received more focus. Working conditions became a topic of interest among the authorities and employees with emphasis on safety and pay. Similarly, exploitation of workers became highlighted as an issue-affecting employee at the work place (Stein & Greider, 2001).

Conclusion

Employers incur liability by engaging employees at their work place. Since the employees are involved in wealth creation for the employer, their safety should be assured. Similarly, working conditions should constitute a major part of investment by the employer since no level of cost cutting can compare to loss of lives.

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