There exist a very big or rather wide distinction between the life of people living in cities and those living in small towns, sometimes referred as rural areas. The many accredited differences between the two places are largely contributed by the kind of services provided in terms of social amenities, infrastructures, economic and political activities. This paper will discuss these differences between city lie and rural life besides providing a clear meaning of urban and rural life.
An urban area refers to a territorial area with a population of over 2,500 people and housing units both located in the same place. People inhabiting this place experience urban life. A rural area is an area largely considered as a country with small towns containing scattered populations. People inhabiting this places experience rural life (Jayapalan, 77).
In most parts of the world, urban life is enriched with modern amenities like telephone, internet, television as well as satellite communicating devices. Households are also well equipped with technologically advanced items that help to make life easy and comfortable. On the other hand, rural life lacks the very modern facilities enjoyed by the urbanites like telephone, satellite communicating devices, television and internet. If any of this is available, then it is inefficient and ineffective for people to use, thus making life a bit difficult for people. As a result of easy access and availability of modern equipment, career opportunities and educational facilities people in city life enjoy a socially and economically luxurious life that is more stable when compared with their counterparts in rural areas/small towns (B.L. Darra, 81)
In urban life, people do not practice agriculture as the main economic activity, but they principally engage in trade, manufacturing, mechanics and professions. Most of the urban life occupations are non-agricultural. On the other hand, the fundamental occupation of rural life people is agriculture. Majority of the people engages in agricultural activities as the main source of income (B.L. Darra, 80). Everyone including the neighbors in rural life is an agriculturalist.
In urban life, there is greater isolation of people from the elements of nature like rain, heat, snow, drought and frost. Life is predominantly on artificial environmental elements like electricity which provides both heat and light. On the other hand, people in rural life are in very close contact with the natural environment/nature. They are in direct contact with elements of nature like heat, rain, and drought, snow, frost among others in which they have no control over.
In city life, there are new good shopping complexities, food malls, theaters and restaurants. Again there are a lot of huge constructions taking place, large housing complexes, and skyscrapers. There is also the use of escalators, elevators, towering constructions and leveled parking sites which adds magnificence and beauty to city life. On the other hand, rural life lacks crowded and concrete buildings. Houses are sparsely distributed all over with enough space for fielding (William Howitt, 386). People here live within a close proximity, with a humble space for grazing animals and pets.
The population of people in city life is dense and closely housed. The community size is large. The community size and urbanity are co-related positively. In rural life, the population density is lower as rurality and density remain negatively co-related. In the similar sense, the community size is small. Community size and agriculturalist remains positively co-related (William Howitt, 387).
The population of people in city life is heterogeneous. Heterogeneity and urbanity are co-related positively. This is because there are different types of people coming from different parts, races, religion, community, occupations as well as behavioral patterns, cultural and economic differences making up the urban life population. But, in rural life the population is more homogeneous. This is in terms of racial, social as well as psychological traits. In addition, in rural life, homogeneity has a negative co-relation.
In city life, social mobility/movement is very intense. People move from old occupations or places to ones while looking for new opportunities and good living conditions. There are many vehicles to ferry people from one place to another, more new places to move to, and more new career opportunities to contain job seekers. That is why the rate of mobility in city life is becoming more intense. Mobility is much experienced especially during end months, and year ends where the ability to change places or occupations is enhanced by greater incomes. Contrary, in rural life, social mobility is less experienced. Occupational and territorial mobility of people are minimal since people follow and do same occupations and staying in villages which they call the permanent homes. Their occupational activity (agriculture) remains unchanged and every one practices it.
In conclusion, although rural life lacks technological advancement and luxurious living, its life is more enriched with a motherly nature of the relationship. City life is just a breast of career prospects and advancing technologies which blossoms every day. However, disruptive environment and failure of human qualities continue to shadow city life’s future.