Green houses emissions and global warming has been everybody’s concern. These emissions have posed serious threat to the whole world leading to inconsistent and an anticipatable weather changes and the tearing up of the ozone layer. It’s now a common knowledge to all that the world is no longer climatically safe. Due to these alarming reasons scientist have embark into their books of science searching for measures to counter the increased carbon emissions and global warming. The gasoline products have been found guilty of these emissions and therefore scientists have come up with an alternative source of energy that are both cheap and environment friendly.
The alternative sources of energy scientists found workable and safe for the world were the bio-fuels. These bio-fuels are subdivided into two; the corn ethanol and bio-diesel. These two bio-fuels have similarities and differences holding that each has its advantages and disadvantages as compared in between them.
Both corn ethanol and bio-diesel are bio-fuel. This means that they are produced from plants related materials e.g. corn ethanol is produced from corn (maize) plant and bio-diesel from algae, sunflower and soybeans. As demand for these bio-fuel increases the subsequent result is that farming of corn, soybeans and others also increases simultaneously. The two plants traps’ the carbon dioxide in the air during photosynthesis hence reduced carbon emissions in the environment. As a result we attain our main objective of environment friendly source of energy, reduce carbon emissions in the atmosphere as well as promoting agriculture. Although these two bio-fuels are not reliable source of energy they minimize the cost of importing and reduce the risks incurred in fluctuating gasoline market. This is so because, major economies in the world fully depends on the OPEC group of countries. We have thirteen members in this group of countries. Most of them have unstable leadership which makes them not dependable, therefore creating need for other countries relying on them to create alternative sources of energy. Bio-fuel automatically gives them that option.
The ultimate advantage that arises from bio-fuel is that it is renewable. All other sources of fuel are getting exhausted and scarce. This fact place the bio-fuel the best choice for the changing world of few resources. It is obvious for a developing and changing world, to need reliable and sustainable source of energy. Bio-crops gives them a chance to own this new source. There is no limitation on how many times we grow our crops on our land and produce this fuel as long as our land remains fertile. We have the ability to dictate on when and how to do it.
Bio-fuel doesn’t emit toxic substances in the atmosphere while in use. Bio-fuels burns releasing reduced amount of sulphur in the atmosphere as compared to other commonly used source energy. This makes bio-fuel friendly to both the user and the environment. This is what the whole world is crying for. A carbon free atmosphere will both preserve the ozone layer as well as supporting livelihood. They do not cause body harm to the user. When burning corn ethanol the aroma of the combustion is like that of popcorn flying in the oven. Other energies like petroleum are said to cause cancer to the users. Less emission or no emission at all falls squarely in the environment protection agency. The group advocate for a free carbon environment which both corn ethanol and bio-diesel provides. In the 1990s clean air act, stipulates the need for less or no carbon dioxide emission in the environment. This therefore resulted to dedicate a lot of resources in the programs that supported the idea leading to more innovative and workable plans to effect bio energy.
Although the two types of bio-fuels have many things in common, they differ slightly on various areas. For instance, ethanol burn faster than bio diesels hence high amount of it is required to cover a specific distance as compared to bio-diesel. This means, given a certain distance to be covered by two vehicles with the same number of litters. The vehicle filled with bio-diesel will cover an additional distant as opposed to the one filled with ethanol. Researchers say that ethanol can not be used alone to run an engine. Therefore a certain percentage of gasoline is added to effective the running of the engine. For example ninety percent of gasoline is added to ten percent of ethanol or eighty five percent of ethanol added to fifteen percent of gasoline. This is so because of engine compatibility. The second version of eighty five, fifteen is not compatible to all engines. While as bio-diesel can be used to all convectional engines.
While producing ethanol energy we meet a high cost as compared to when producing bio-diesel. This claims arise from the fact that ethanol is mixed with gasoline which is an imported product and has its own cost. For example to import a gasoline product goes through many processes some which are expensive and time consuming. In this processes much energy is used as compared to energy produced there after. On the contrary bio-diesel produces much energy than corn ethanol.
Bio-diesel is produced mainly from soybeans in America but other nations whom they produce bio-diesel uses other plant produce to produce the same while ethanol is extracted from corn (maize)
The world is held guessing whether the bio-energy is reliable or not, but to many contributors of the debate tent to appreciate the development but question on its capacity to sustain the economies. An analysis conducted show that the programme is till far from unhooking us from carbon producing energy sources. This is so because it is believed that it can only cater for fifteen percent of the biggest economies needs. Holding all factors constant, bio-energy is the way to go if at all we a better tomorrow need for our kids, a nice world for living and where many can call home.