Introduction

The “Everglades national Park” is on the listing of “World Heritage in Danger” yet again due to severe and ongoing dilapidation of its marine ecosystem as declared by UNESCO (Yusuf et al 2007). This deprivation has resulted in loss of aquatic home and an ensuing reduction in sea species. The Everglades Park is a key mangrove ecological unit in the Western side and acts as an important breeding area for various types of birds. It is among the largest grasslands and has been home to many species that are facing risks of extinction such as the manatee.  The Everglades was initially listed because of recording a sharp decline in the flow of water and value as a result of urban expansion and cultivation. The American government has devoted Scientific and monetary capital to the region to help preserve the spot. Water flowing to the site has declined significantly and pollution of the location is great.

 Diversity of life forms found in the area

Everglades provides a home to several plant and animal varieties not likely to be found elsewhere. Among the species found are the panther originally from Florida, the “American crocodile” and the manatee (Morris 2005).  The park provides a habitat to different types of birds, sea water and fresh water fish, a variety of mammals, as well as reptiles. The panther is among the top species that are in danger of extinction in the site. Others include the Indian manatee. Amphibians are also found in the site. The prevalent murder of “wading birds” for their trails in the nineteenth century led to a significant reduction of the birds (Yusuf et al 2007).   Some of the birds that can be found here include the “frigate birds, pelicans, and different wading birds such as the herons and egrets” (Hamilton 2005).   The plants that can be found in the park include the saw grass and mangrove vegetation. Also available at the park is pine plants and hardwoods (Morris 2005).  

The biological interrelationships among the life forms in the area

Compound natural processes vary from fundamental algal associations to more advanced varieties and then finally to principal predators for instance the alligator, the crocodile as well as the panther from Florida. This food chain is excellently marked and continuous. There is an assortment of subtropical and mild climate wildlife varieties. The park provides an essential foraging and rearing environment for over 400 bird species. It is a key place for migration. It has been cited as among the most important rearing sites for the wading birds.  The earthly and marine plants and animal population have become accustomed to one another as well as to the summers and winters.

They rely on the water flow that has been cruelly distorted by metropolitan and farming expansion in South Florida that began during the previous century. At times when an ecological unit is unbalanced and local vegetation and animals are under pressure, varieties from other regions tend to benefit from the distorted environment to set up a home for themselves. These introduced species then become a tiny component of the site, while still others flourish at the disadvantage of local plants and animals. Hence adding extra pressure on the local wildlife and threatens the scenery.

An invasive variety spreads to new ecosystems and upon becoming well-known; they are not easy to stop. The intruders were introduced to the park for a reason. They distorted the direction of water flow and the normal routine of fires permitted foreign plants to attack many acres of the park which had previously been attacked by foreign plants. The “Burmese python” was reared all over the site after the owners set them on the loose when they were unable to care for the big snakes (Hamilton 2005).  The park has been endangered by various plant and animal intruders. Animal intruders compete with indigenous species. 

The human intrusions threatening the area

The human activities that threaten the ecological unit are farming activities that have been taking place in the area. Other activities which have intruded the normal life of the park include huge vessel construction schemes that run through to south Florida and which began to redirect water from the location.  There have been unrestricted sightseers establishments which create huge problems in the site.  Huge strips of swamps which were regarded fit for cultivation were drained. Also dams have redirected a lot of essential water from the site so as to provide for agribusinesses and for money-making and housing establishments. There have been fires that were brought about by excessive draining of the park. As a counteractive measure, walls were erected on the southern shoreline of “Lake Okeechobee” and property was developed in the “Big cypress swamp” (Hamilton 2005).  This eventually led to interference of the ordinary course of water posing a great risk to the ecosystem. 

The protections that exist to safeguard and preserve the area

The park has been selected as a World Heritage location, “global Biosphere Reserve”, and “Wetland of International Importance” (Hamilton 2005). Everglades is continuously campaigning for the protection of the region. The complete Everglades re-establishment scheme aims to bring back, guard against and conserve the Park through capturing the clean water that flows unexploited to the ocean and divert it to the regions that require it most for ecological refurbishment. It has been named as a Ramsar marsh land of global importance due to its role in aiding in the conservation of endangered wildlife species.

The efforts that have been made to further this preservation.

The authority of the park is proposing the purchase of the swamps that are to the eastern side and which are owned by individuals. They are hoping that this will provide the park with a bigger share of the water it urgently requires.  They are hoping that the park will be expanded so that it can keep on caring for this exceptionally delicate and precious ecological unit. The group from World Heritage has asked the US government to persist in coming up with counteractive procedures that will reinstate and conserve the property.

In response to the committees’ pleas the American government is calling for professionals from World Heritage under the guidance of UNESCO to pay a visit to the location so as to assess the situation and aid in the growth of enhanced preservation. The local communities have come up, to try and mobilize people on the need to protect the park. The World Heritage has been providing funds annually to support activities that involve the reinstatement of the park.. Scientists are working hand in hand with engineers so as to develop ways of bringing back a more ordinary course of water to assist in meeting the regions ecological needs.

What an individual can do to help preserve the diversity of the area

Since the park urgently requires a remedy to the problem of water shortage, a person can mobilize other people to visit the park and demonstrate against the human activities that have continued to ruin the park. Besides that a visit to the Park will persuade a lot of tourists that the Florida swamps have to be rescued so that in future other people will get an opportunity to observe these similar wonderful marvels that we are currently seeing. A person can speak out for the wildlife by showing the need to protect them.

He or she can offer donations towards such courses that aim to preserve wildlife so as to solve the crisis. An individual can volunteer to take part in refurbishment and investigation schemes at the world heritage locations that are there in many parts of the globe.

Additional measures to insure the preservation of the property

The extra measures that I would put forward to insure the property would be restricting tourists’ businesses as this will minimize a lot of disruption of the ecological unit. The wildlife needs to be protected and hence I would ensure that proper care was taken to safeguard the ecosystem. I would propose rules that would stop any ownership of land belonging to the park. What will be lost if intrusion goes unchecked?

If intrusion is not controlled, many invaders will attack the ecosystem and the end result will be that the indigenous plants and the wildlife will be disadvantaged. This is because the intruders will either feed on the local wildlife or compete with them for survival. The intruders are known to pose a risk to both the wildlife and landscape.

Conclusion

Re-establishing the Everglades ecological unit will aid in stopping fresh invasions as well as keeping traditional invasive species under control. We should try and preserve our natural heritage by safe guarding against encroachment of our national parks. 

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