The approach led by this paper is an analysis made over the Person-centered therapy. The process of analysis the mode and procedure of counseling will be made with specific illustrations. Added to this there is the declaration made under CACREP Standard for personal interpretations and acquisition, in relation to the personal identification of Person-centered therapy. The initiation of this paper is related to the application of person-centered therapy and concludes with the acquisition of personal understanding in the related field.
2. Person-centered therapy
Person-centered therapy as popularly called as ‘PCT’ is basically identified as person-centered psychotherapy or client-centered therapy and to some it is Rogerian psychotherapy. It has been foreground over the process of talk-psychotherapy; through which the problems of a particular person can be solved through talking sessions (Innes and Hatfield, 2001).
2.1 Basic Premise
PCT is very popular and predominantly used by professional psychologists and well trained counselors in terms of dealing with psychotherapy of a client suffering from mental trauma.
2.3 Nature of Person-centered therapy
The nature of person-centered therapy is directly related to the mental health as well as psychological status of the patient. It has to be essentially comfortable and must get pursued under non-judgmental environment. Its nature comprised of demonstrating congruence, empathy and most importantly unconditional positive non-directive approach (Poyrazli, 2003 pp. 107-115).
2.4 Goal of the Therapy
The only and the ultimate goal of a therapist is to help the patient come out of his trauma and to get some solution to the problem that he is dealing with.
2.5 Role and function of the therapist
The specific role of the therapist is to facilitate and to make enough provision for comfortable zones for the client. It is within a balanced environment that the therapist tries to establish the mental stability to the client (Levant and Shlien, 1984).
2.6 Techniques Used
The technique that is used by these therapists is in terms of developing talking sessions with the clients. In this process they encourage patients to declare all their frustrations, fears and experiences that is troubling them. Therapists then repeat emotionally significant statements empathetically in order to bring the patient to a solution. This helps in stabilizing his thoughts and thus he gets relieved from the trauma.
3. Counseling Stages
The stages of counseling should be followed in a very systematic way. The approach should be very genuine and the therapist needs to understand the mental and environmental conditions in which the patient dwells. Since it is the process through which the therapist can attain appropriate success in providing the client with accurate solution. All the stages are equally important and the therapist needs to be very particular in laying emphasis over every step with personal concentration. Basic proceedings of all the stages should be structured toward one specific goal and that in attainment of solution for the client (Prochaska & Norcross, 2007). The stages are the means of building the bridge from unknown level to the known level and thus are classified and elaborated below.
3.1 Relationship Building Stage
In the stage termed as ‘relationship building’, there is the room for building relationship between the patient and the therapist. In this stage it is the core responsibility of the therapist to bring in absolute trust of the patient over the therapist. The patient needs to feel very comfortable at this stage. He should feel that the therapist is his ultimate well wisher and is the only man who can support him in getting out of the mental trauma. The conversation and the initiation led by the therapist at this stage; is very vital. He needs to start by letting the client get comfortable with him. The approach should be very positive and there should be a friendly environment. The more comfortable the client will feel the easier will be the session. Relationship between the therapist and the client gets determined in this stage and through this stage on can make an assessment about the possibilities of gaining solution for the client. This is the relationship building stage is an exclusive stage for the purpose of building the relationship between the client and the therapist where the role of the therapist is very vital.
3.2 Assessment and Diagnosis Stage
The second stage in the row is that of making the appropriate assessment about the trauma of the client and the diagnosis of his mental sufferance. This is a very vital stage where the therapist needs to collect information about the environment the background and the people that the client id dealing with. All these information will help the therapist in assessing the severity of the trauma in the patient and at the same time he will be able to diagnose the exact problem that persist with the patient. It is noteworthy to keep a record of the behavioral declaration made by the client while making all kinds of discussions on varied personal topics (Nystul, 2005). The approach should be very much structured under the influence of cognitive therapy. An assessment of the behavior of the client will make the therapist much conscious about the proceedings that will help most in terms of achieving success through the counseling sessions. Accurate diagnosis of all those aspects that troubles the client more are actual topics that the therapist needs to make a mark of to work on them in the sessions that follows.
3.3 Formulation of Counseling Goals Stage
The process to formulate the counseling goals needs appropriate planning supported by enough personal and scholarly resources. This is a stage where the counselor structures and restructures every possible plan to deal with the client. All the records collected in the second stage are utilized here to achieve the necessary goals. These goals are all related to the developmental strategy of the client’s mental status. In this stage the therapist first need to understand the mental strength of the client and then should make a list of all those points that will appeal him most. This stage deals exclusively within the professional expertise of the client and is directly proportionate to the psychological abilities of the client. The process of reaching the goals will rely a lot as per the determination and the means of acceptability within the client. The mode of manipulating his ideas and interpretations are also integral to this process. The determination of the therapist to make the client achieve the sorted solution is very important. This however should not be imposing in nature.
3.4 Intervention and Problem Solving Stage
The fourth stage is all about interpreting and intervening the problems of the client and to help him in attaining the right kind of solutions. This is a stage that helps in managing the client’s mental as well as cognitive aspects (Bower, et al. 2000 pp- 1389-1392). The therapist needs to be more systematic and should give more time to the client to adopt the actual pat for achieving the solution. This stage is more dominated by the capability of the client in dealing with problems. For this purpose the therapist needs to provide the client with some minor problems to solve, leading them to practical persuasions and ultimately putting the actual problem to it. This is a very gradual process and should be followed as per the plan determined in stage four.
3.5 Termination and Follow-up Stage
The activities followed in this particular stage are more important in terms of dealing with the client. At this stage the therapist should have enough confidence over the client and vice versa. After that the therapist need to let the client understand the importance of the right solution for his trauma. In such cases there can be instances when the client may turn aggressive. The therapist should be well prepared for it. Since this is a stage where the therapist negates the thinking structure of the client and terminates his thoughts. He further creates room for the right kind of thoughts in the mind of the client. This particular stage deals with the process of helping the client to take a U-turn in his mental status and to come back to normal proceedings. The therapist needs to make the client understand the importance of the right decisions added by the terms to follow the same.
3.6 Research and Evaluation
This is the final stage attained by a therapist while dealing with person-centered therapy. This stage is a kind of summing up of the whole process where the therapist needs to keep a record of all the new dealings that the attained through the process. It is also a stage where the therapist evaluates the case and the person as per his assessments. All kinds of strength and weaknesses related to the whole process of therapy get estimated. In the process the therapist gains well balanced formulations for further proceedings. The whole evaluating session laid sole concern to the proceedings led by the therapist. It is the means to rectify all kinds of formulation for future perspectives. In most cases the therapist can consider each case as a mode of practical learning. Since every case related to person-centered therapy varies as per the client’s dealings, this makes the process of applying this therapy more research oriented. The collection of data related to the applications and the proceedings of dealing with a client should go under proper evaluation in this particular stage. This provided ground for future success in related cases.
4. CACREP Self Study Standards
The process of formulating Person-centered counseling is an integral part of professional aspects under the influence of CACREP Standard. The persuasion of person-centered should be well formulated as per the social, environmental and personal interpretations led by the client. The purpose of the therapist is to recognize all these interpretations and provide the client with appropriate means to achieve the solution for his trauma (Tudor & Worrall, 2006).
While writing the assignment I evaluated my level of understanding my clients. I have discovered that to a great extent I am inpatient to jump to the conclusion. This is the biggest flaw in me and should be dealt in a very proper way. There is a realization in me that need to get hold of the client’s troubles and should provide him with very appropriate solution. This can be time consuming, yet the formulation should be maintained well to gain effective results.
By means of this assignment I have collected many information about the ways through which I should manage a systematic mode for understanding an individual and help him in attaining long term solutions. Dealings with person-centered therapy needs proper study of the individual and that is something I have well acquired through this assignment. In this field I would also like to enhance my levels of understanding in the Psychoanalytic Therapy, Existential Therapy, and most importantly the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. I feel by collecting knowledge in these dominance I would be able to deal with my clients in much better was and would be able to perform better in my profession.