Representation involves use of marks or symbols that stand in for and take the position or place of something else. For example a dove is a representation of peace. Translation is the act of communicating the meaning of a particular source-language through an equivalent target language understandable to the targeted person. A historian is a person who studies past record of events and human affairs.
The modern world is full of many representations and languages. These are used in the process of communication through sending and receiving of messages. In this case potential problems will always arise between different peoples and culture. These problems include: falsehoods, misunderstandings and errors.
In order to evade these problems these issues can be only be solved by historians for various reasons. One, representation and translation are built in a context of rules which are laid down by the society through agreement on convections and codes to be used over a number of years. Therefore it is only a historian who will be able to go through these conventions and determine the true representation or translation of a certain script.
Another factor to consider is that these types of understandings are not scripted on a stone like theories of science. Over time their meanings change, and what may signify love today may signify hatred the following day. A historian is the only person who is able to translate or represent a certain script correctly according to the time of usage or writing of that particular sign or script.
The three categories of representation: - symbol, index and icon vary in their meaning usually fashioned by human cultural context, as they are able to make things mean or signify something. This always take some time to develop and its only through understanding the progressiveness of these societal context over the stipulated period that you can understand a representation and translate it. In this case only a historian can be involved with these issues.