Diversity of life forms found in the area
The Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra makes up Indonesia’s third largest island. The three national parks making up this heritage have life forms of exceptional beauty and other features ranging from various unique soils to attractive hydrological conditions. It contains over 10,000 plant species among them unique species like the Amorphophallus Titanum which is a flower of upto 2 meters high. It also has a variety of animal species with over 201 mammal species and 580 bird species among others (Ady, 2011).
The Threat of Human Encroachment
Human intrusion has been identified as a critical threat especially illegal logging. This practice has led to a decrease in the number of animal and plant species in the heritage. Another threat is poaching which has led to indiscriminate killing of the animal species threatening their existence. Other threats include fire-setting, road building, lack of government support and forest clearance for palm oil plantation and farming (Mongabay Enviromental News, 2010).
The Protection that Exist to Safeguard and Preserve the Area
The heritage comprises of three parks and each is administered by a different authority (Wildlife Conservation Society, 2009). All the authorities are however under National Directorate General of Forest Protection & Forest Conservation in the Ministry of Forestry. Each of the parks follows its own policies. Government efforts have been found to be weak but NGOs have put in a lot of effort to conserve this heritage. The government’s effort in the preservation of this heritage consists of anti-poaching laws (United Nations Enviroment Programme-Wo, 2012).
Individual efforts are also important in the preservation of the heritage. This involves strict observation of the set rules and regulations, support to the government and the NGOs in prevention of illegal practices that may threaten the species in the heritage. These will go a long way in preserving the diversity of the area (The Real Wonder of the World, 2011).