Demonstrative communication is a significant process, and it allows one to transmit information from one party to another. Various forms of communication have different effects on the ways how information is transmitted (Rai, U. & Rai, S., 2009). In this case, non-verbal communication is useful. It is also divided into different variants, but in this paper the facial expressions are considered. The seven basic characteristics of emotions, which include contempt, anger, fear, disgust, sadness, happiness and surprise, are critical for the interpretation of what transpires in conversation.
According to Viswanathan (2010), the basic images or expressions are almost universal and are recognizable across the world. It is also possible to recognize the expressions irrespective of the attributes of people, such as gender, religion or age. Anger is characterized by one’s pulling the eyebrows downwards, moving both upper and lower lids upwards, when lip margins are rolling in; it is also associated with the tightening of lips.
Fear is also one of the seven basic emotions. It is easily recognized by its reference to the objects of the world if one focuses on the facial expressions. The position of the face is crucial for understanding the expression of fear. In reference to facial expressions, such aspects as pulling of the eyebrows together upwardly are common. Similarly, the upper eyelids are pulled up. Another expression of the emotion is associated with the stretching of the mouth.
The other emotion that is considered amid seven basic ones is the one that depicts disgust. This expression is remarkable for the fact that the eyebrows are, in most cases, pulled downwards. Similarly, the nose is winked, and the upper lip is pulled upwards. In addition, the lips are left loosely hanging. Referring to the facial expression that depicts contempt, one can notice the eyes that appear neutral. The lip corner is also pulled back upwards on one side.
The expression of joy can be facially deciphered. For this to happen, one looks at the muscles around the eye to find out whether they are tight or loose. Joy is expressed when the muscles are tightened. It is also possible to spot wrinkles around the eyes. In the process of joy expression, cheeks are raised, while the lip corners are raised diagonally. In the same way, sadness can be facially expressed. When it occurs the eyebrows' inner corners are raised, while the eyelids appear loose. Equally, sad peoples' lips appear to be pulled downwards.
Another emotion, which can be obvious from one’s faces, is that of surprise. Surprised peoples' eyebrows are pulled up entirely, while the eyelids are pulled up. The mouths that openly hang also characterize surprise expressions. Other significant emotions include shame, jealousness, guilt and pride. They are also crucial, but these emotions are not viewed as being basic. This is partly expressed by the notion of disagreement of the facial expressions with the emotions experienced.
The First Case
The first case is settled in a restaurant. I entered the restaurant in the evening hours after a day's work. People are seating in groups of two, three, four, inside. However, in some cases, it is possible to spot few people seating alone. A group of four individuals appears to be further separated into two groups. It becomes clear that two individuals are dealing with the other two, considering the close proximity of four people to each other.
The first pair of the four people is expressing fear. This assumption is based on the appearance of their faces. Focusing further on the facial expressions, it becomes obvious that the two persons' eyebrows are pulled together upwardly. Similarly, the upper eyelids are pulled up. The final expression of the two is captured from their mouths being stretched. Enduring the observation, I establish that the two individuals are watching a football match and their team is losing. On the contrary, the other pair appears to depict disgust. This is because their eyebrows are pulled downwards. Similarly, their noses are winked, and the upper lips are pulled upwards. In addition, their lips are loosely hanging. Based on the expressions of the latter pair, I discern that both of them are supporting the winning team and their reactions are mainly aimed at intimidating the other pair. A table separates each of the two pairs. In the group of four, an argument ensures. However, I leave the restaurant to attend other aspects of one’s emotional expressiveness.
People Attending a Party
The second case concerns people attending a party. Considering the occasions such as party attendance, it becomes clear that people are generally expected to be happy. It is easy to identify the close friends trooping in, as well as the lovers, simply using the aspect of proximity. By this, it is meant that for lovers the distance is expected to be smaller, in comparison to the one that characterizes friendship.
During the course of the party, it emerges that people have come from the different backgrounds. Some people were born wealthy, while others are from poor backgrounds. As the party progresses, one woman decides to salute another decent-looking young woman. The woman snubs the other one. Looking at the face of the young woman, it is easy to identify a scorning appearance of disgust. I believe, the woman depicts this since her eyebrows are pulled downwards. Similarly, her nose is winked, and the upper lip is pulled upwards. In addition, her lips are left hanging loosely. Moreover, the facial expression of the young woman depicts contempt. Her eyes also appear neutral. The woman's lip corner is pulled back and upwards on one side, which affirms that she is contemptuous.
However, a vast majority of those attending the party are expressing joy. This is because the muscles around their eyes are tightened among most participants. It is also possible to identify the wrinkles around the eyes of the revelers. The revelers' cheeks are raised, while their lip corners are raised diagonally. Another emotion which is expressed on the faces of the party visitors is that of surprise. Some of the revelers' eyebrows are pulled up entirely. Similarly, their eyelids are pulled up while a good number of the merrymakers' mouths hang openly.
People Attending a Funeral
The third case involves people attending a funeral. In practice, people who are attending a funeral are in a somber mood as they mourn the passing of one of them. A sizeable number of people attending the funeral is obvious. Based on the proximity that various attendees reflect, it is easy to claim that their relationships are of a different nature. Some move in a small distance, while others display a greater one. Those that walk more closely are deemed to be closer in relations amid themselves, while those walking apart depict the separation or indifference.
As it is identified, fear is one of the seven basic emotions. Losing a close person can evoke in people the feeling of fear. I use the position of the faces of the mourners to understand that they are in fear. From the facial expressions of the several attendees, whose eyebrows have been pulled together upwardly, their feeling of sorrow is easily identified. Similarly, the most mourners' upper eyelids are pulled up. In addition, the mouths of most attendees are stretched. Another emotion, which appears on the mourners' faces, is surprise. This is because the peoples' eyebrows are pulled up entirely. Moreover, their eyelids are pulled up. Similarly, their mouths openly hang.
Based on this essay, it is clear that non-verbal communication is critical in understanding peoples' emotions. This is corroborated by the three cases that are explored in the study. It also emerges that the basic emotions are reflected in the universally used facial expressions.