It has been widely thought since time immemorial that the ICTs are taking over every sector of life. Even after the unprecedented dotcom crash of 2001, the optimism of government, the business sector and the society at large was not dampened. The only thing that diminished was the talk about the heroes of the digital age. It would seem that every magazine and periodical was doing a story about the witty Billy Gates and idolizing him for buying a dos program from a programmer and later turning out to be the richest man from the proceeds the copyright generated.
The term network society was used by Castell Manuels to refer to the internet (Hassan 2003) in his book, the internet galaxy (2001) there are many books that have been written on the topic of network society some of which have been implicit e.g. Harvey David’s the condition of post modernity while others have been explicit like Manuals, the internet galaxy
A New Point of view
It is obvious that ICTs have largely revolutionized the way we live. There are four main dynamics that we need to look at to understand the new point of view of the network society. The first term is Digital technology. Traditionally, we have appreciated ICTs for their aesthetic appeal. If one bought a phone for instance, it was of utmost importance that it has a cool a cool look. People rarely think about the technology behind the device. The network society can be traced back to the cold war era. It was developed by the military of US . Over the years, it has become almost impossible to separate the ideologies of military and the cold war from the internet. Digital logic for instance is an instrument employed in the ICTs to ensure an error free platform.
The second thing to consider is digital capitalism. It would be impossible to have the network society minus capitalism. Businesses have to continually engineer creative ways by which we can engage in business relationships in the network society yet at our greatest convenience. The terms e-commerce and eMarkets have been coined to refer to this scenario. Amazon and Dell became pioneers in the field and many other business have followed suite over the years. The effect is that Digital capitalism has made its footing and will not go away. Even if e-commerce was to collapse, there are already other money generating ideas like the e-learning programs.
Thirdly, the concept of Digital globalization is important. In the same way that we wouldn’t have a network society minus a form of capitalism, it would also be impossible to have a globalization minus a revolution in the ICT field. There is a wide effect of enabling ICTS as the entire economy is impacted. As Hassan (2004) points out, Digital globalization has literally made the world come to us. Digital globalization has resulted in the world being converted into one small digital village. As would be expected, this has also come along with some issues of concern as there are many uncertainties that arise.
Lastly, there is the concept of digital acceleration. Historically, there has always been heightened increase of new PCs that had better capacities and processors and the traditional way of admiring technological advancement of a long time was no more. No sooner had a new technology been released than another came out. In less than one decade, we have been bombarded with new ICTs like PDAs, palmtops, scanners, PCs, digital cameras, and the mother of all technological advancement, the internet. The irony of it is that we crave continually for the newest technologies yet quickly abandon it in favor of the other that comes up (Castell, 1989).
Hassan’s approach can be viewed by many to be a pessimistic but in reality; he is just giving a good critique on the issues that pertain to the network society.
The revolution has been normalized.
The author uses this statement to refer to the fact that the digital revolution has evolved from the time when it was viewed as something control by the “heroes” to a time when it is impacting the life of every one.
A way to think about networks, not just the internet
The author uses the above stamen as a way of letting us know that there is a difference between networks and the internet. He views the internet as the backbone or the infrastructure on which the network society has been formed.
The embedded ideology is risk. Risk is the likelihood that something that is unwanted and undesirable will happen in a given time. There are many risks in Technology today. For instance, hackers use packet sniffing application and other tools to hack into a database and thereby retrieve sensitive data and information
The underlying embedded logic is risk management. This would involve the identification of potential threats and putting measures in place to avoid the unwanted from happening. There are a variety of controls that are used today to manage risk. One of the most common is the use of firewalls to protect the private network form the public network.
Uncertainties and risks
Globalization has resulted in a wide range of risks and uncertainties. There are a couple of risks and uncertainties. Technology is the first and biggest uncertainty. As globalization spreads, the needs of the organization increase. Technology also keeps changing and the challenge is in choosing the best technology for the organization Security is also a risk. Issues of integrity and acidity of data have to be considered.
ICT department industry
The ICT department industry refers to the community of the different braches of the different organizations that are in charge of the ICTs of the respective firms.