The TIA/EIA-942 Data Center Standard was first published in April 2005. It is a guideline for setting up data center structures, produced and endorsed by the TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association), predominantly concentrating on the network architectural designs with network access security as well as control, electrical structure with the establishment for power management, file storage, backup and archiving systems, measured environment processes and network cabling systems. In addition to that, TIA-942 also consists of guidelines for setting up the facility’s structure for database management, web application, system redundancy, and data hosting besides data security and dissemination.

The resolution of the standard is to create a guideline for the numerous design and building features of equally large and small scale Data Centers. This standard takes into account several utilities, for instance; HVAC, electrical systems, fire detection. Besides, security needs to co-exist and co-work concurrently with the communications infrastructure inside the data center. These utilities including the decentralization of the mainframe based services to a further distributed server based tactic have created different challenges for data center design and operation.  By coming up with both design necessities and thorough informational annexes the standard outlines numerous “best practices” related to the construction of an up-to-date day data center.

The standard delineates different terms, reports on physical environment, media selection, plus equipment placement. Overall design elements recognized in the code for attention that could relate to the bulk of data centers would contain: standards based open systems, high performance and high bandwidth with advancement factors fused, sustenance of 10G or higher speed technologies, provision for storage devices (i.e. SCSIor NAS, Fiber channel), support for merging with growth aspects incorporated, great quality, dependability and scalability, redundancy, extraordinary capacity and density, elasticity and expandability with stress-free access for moves, adds and changes. The main benefits of designing the facilities according to the standard include convenient arrangement, scalability, up to standard nomenclature, failsafe procedures, network access safety and security against the natural disasters, for example quakes, fire, tremors, flood, storms etc.

In short, the TIA/EIA-942 Standard stipulates data center preparation and design techniques, institutes and offers guidelines and commendations for data centers application and embraces far more than telecommunications set-up.  The 50% of the TIA/EIA-942 handles building erection conditions. Similarly it also takes into consideration and draws on other TIA/EIA standards - ‘568-B, ‘569-B, ‘606-A and ‘607 involved in the cabling, pathways and spaces, administration and earthing scheme, fittings and other actions.

The aim of this Standard is to give the guidelines for the proposal and setting up of a data center or a computer room. The code is meant for use by designers who require a complete understanding of the facility’s design including the planning, the cabling method, and the network plan. It will permit the facility design to be well-thought-out in the building development course, aiding the architectural deliberations, by availing information that cuts across the multi-disciplinary design efforts; encouraging cooperation in the planning and construction stages. Data centers can profit from infrastructure that is strategic to the support of the computer systems that the facilities are designed to sustain.

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