The United States government has recently passed two legal acts in pursuit of regulating internet resources concerning usage by children. The progressing complexity of the internet and the controversial nature of the laws governing its use necessitated the passing of the specific laws (Jaeger & Yan, 2009). The government passed the children’s internet protection act after a failed attempt to regulate the internet content. A bid to prevent internet providers and users from posting harmful information to children failed when the Supreme Court stopped its implementation after finding it to be contradictory to the freedom provided by the law. Consequently, the government resulted to targeting the specific public institutions that had acquired newly developed internet facilities in the United States (Jaeger & Yan, 2009). In addition, the law encompassed public schools and libraries on the condition that they received certain amount of government’s financial support for their internet services. This law avoided the numerous legal barriers that presented in the effort to regulate the internet content.
The legislature passed a law in 1998 that limited the private usage of the internet by children. The Child’s parent, according to the law, should sanction any communication with a child through the internet. Furthermore, the law requires anyone communicating with a minor to restrict the discussion from involving any personal information. This law, the children’s online privacy protection act (COPPA), was formulated to protect children’s privacy, which was prone to violation by individuals with malicious intents (Simmons, 2007). Furthermore, the unregulated internet use exposed children to deception by irresponsible marketing activities. The unregulated disclosure of personal information by children predisposed them to the danger of victimization by pedophiles. Another reason that necessitated the passing of the act was the lack of a specific legislation protecting a child’s privacy. Advocates of the law argued that it allowed parents to control the amount of private information released to the internet by a child, while still enabling the child to utilize the internet constructively (Simmons, 2007).