Internet Backbone

Internet has played an important role especially in this digital era in key sectors for research, business and other online services. Customers have been able to subscribe to internet services through their local-based internet service providers through which they have accessed and used internet services either to socialize or transact online business. The transmission of internet services to customers normally involves key components which include internet backbone, network access point, and network service provider. This paper discusses the relationship between internet backbone, network access point, and network service provider.

According to Boswell (2009), internet backbone refers to principal system of network routes that connects major network centers and primary internet users to the internet. This system is important since it is the main carrier of internet transmission to other internet divisional users. On the other hand, Boswell (2009) refers to the network service provider (NSP) as the company or institution that offers internet backbone services to an internet service provider (ISP) company. He notes that through network access point, internet service providers are connected with one another in order to enable web users to access the internet services.

How Internet Backbone, Network Access Point, and Network Service Provider Relates

As pointed out by Tyson (2010), normally, internet service provider connects to regional ISP at network access point known as internet exchange (IX) from where it connects to network service provider’s internet backbone. In U.S the main NSPs include Sprint, AGIS, MCI, and UUNET.  According to Tyson, an internet service provider normally purchase dial internet access services from NSP. It then uses it to offer dialup internet connectivity to its customer. The customers then use these dial up services through their local access numbers’ services as provided by ISP’s network which is connected to the internet backbone of the internet provider’s network service provider.

Lambert, Tennoe & Henssonow (2010) note that network service provider normally routes the required internet traffic by providing basic infrastructure needed for internet connectivity.  They point out that the infrastructure has enabled ISP to purchase internet based services from the NSP for their customer. These internet services include e-mail services, personal web hosting, and chat among others. However, all of these acquired internet services are normally provided under the brand name of ISP but not of that of NSP.


In conclusion, internet backbone, network access point, and network services provider have been highlighted as correlated and only effective for offering internet services when they are combined together. The paper has also noted that the collective combination of the three components enables ISP to offer internet service to its customers. Therefore, there is need to acknowledge the contribution made by these components in coming up with better internet services to customers.

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