People often tend to extol quite crucial importance of grandeur and vastness of cyber space. However, such grandeur comes with a bonus, which turns out to be a whole set of crimes that affect hundreds of people as we speak. Crimes vary from industrial espionage and sabotage to falsification of data and virus infection. The methods of stopping the activity of cyber criminals varies just as much and it is of vital importance that such offenses be duly averted before they take tall on the quality of lives in the vastness of the “real” space.
For the sake of clarity it is worth categorizing the methods for spotting and preventing cybercrimes into practical methods and strategic policing. Appropriate policing is highly appropriate to be used for corporate computer crimes which involve the abuse of company’s assets, such as abuse or misuse of computing assets, electronic mail abuse, and internet abuse. One way for the crimes to be averted presupposes publishing and maintaining of company policies that set rules for using computers and networks. Developing policies makes it possible for the company to provide a line of authority which guarantees a due process in case of investigation and provides guidelines on cyberspace use in the office (Nelson, Phillips & Steuart, 2010).
A corporate body may also display warning banners on computer screens whenever connection to the intranet, network, and virtual private network occurs. The banner informs the end user that the organization reserves the right to inspect and seize the network traffic at any time, thus, potentially preventing the corporate user from committing a cyberspace offence. Moreover, by assigning an authorized requester for conducting investigations the company basically warns the employees about potential computer investigations and forensic analysis to take place if necessary (Nelson, Phillips & Steuart, 2010).
Generally speaking, it would be quite a helpful approach to model cybercrime laws in synergy with multinational organizations and states who develop global perspective and create a legal and regulatory framework for cybercrime to expedite preservation of stored data as well as search and inspect stored computer data (Westby, 2003).
Specific actions are quite effective in combating against cybercrimes. Several software companies manufacture network forensic and investigative software. One of the first methods harnessed was a Pre-Deployed Agent model which presupposes a pre-installation of special software on a computer system prior to a crime. Being hidden from the user, the model is invoked when it is connected remotely. Some other models include Direct Connect and On Demand Connection (Reyes, 2010).
Information-based companies emphasize the importance of database security and customer policy as the most valuable assets. In most establishments there are two key tenets: authorizing and authenticating. Access to databases is controlled by authenticating the credentials of the requesting principal as well as verifying the authorization of access.
Setting viruses is another cybercrime to be stopped. For instance, a Trojan is installed when the software agrees to install particular software or viewing certain files. This can be prevented by stopping users from installing software altogether. This can be achieved by implementing a policy that requires the software be installed by a member of technical support team. Some other ways of implementing the policy include filtering Web content and auditing installed software. Strategic policing can also be of vital importance in preventing virus infection. The company might want to educate employees about the risks that exist. Company handbooks and internal newsletters can include simple guidelines that will raise awareness across the entire company (Bocij, 2006).
Both operational (software models application, authenticating principals, software installation awareness and security) and strategic planning (publishing guidelines, displaying banners, establishing policies, etc.) is of crucial importance in the process of preventing cybercrimes both at homes of people and at their work places.