Australian public policy is the guiding legislations that ensure that the governance looks into the needs of the people without bias or discrimination. It looks into the areas of interest of the people and the different ways that would be used to streamline the lives of the Australian people. This includes the funding and allocation of funds to the different needs of the people in the country.
The Australian policy discussion can be looked at from two main dimensions. The first is whether it gets enough economics or not and the second is whether is whether the economics gets the best public policy that it should get. It is mostly argued that the public policy does not get the economics it deserves, and when it does, it is a rare occurrence. It is also unclear that the economics are governed by the best policies.
Systems are the major determinants of income (Coate & Morris 1995). This is because output is usually and conventionally directly proportional to the means that were used. By this I mean that there is need to get the best personalities and efforts from the people in order to get the best results on the policies. The policies need to be well governed and should see to it that service delivery to the people is optimized. There are four main principles that govern public policy which is not exempted from Australia. They are:
- Resources are limited hence their scarcity need to be considered and their opportunity cost highly considered.
- Allocation of the scarce resources is highly influenced by their prices. These resources are therefore allocated in areas where they can do the most benefits
- Peoples’ response to the relative prices of the resources allocated to them changes with the change in price of the resources. Higher cost of resources, translate to lower demand, and the vice versa.
- Finally, different industries and sectors within an economy closely depend on each other.
Though the above principles look obvious, their in-depth significance can not be overlooked at any point of the formulation of the public policies.
The report was done in order to determine the trends that the government has been allocation the resources to its citizens at different levels. It was also carried out to ensure that there was enough and broad knowledge by the student to determine the positions taken by the government. During the research, secondary methods were used. This is because there is a good documentation of most of the Australian policies, and the past occurrences can be obtained from the various offices that are concerned with the national economics. This makes it easier to obtain the crucial data from all sources available. These sources were reviewed and the results were recorded as per the requirements of the research. However, there are different ways in which different sources might give their approaches. Though the data from all these sources may look the same, their interpretation could be different due to the motives behind the body carrying out the study. The government could give reasons that would explain the imbalances in the resource allocation while the same reasons would be used by independent NGOs and other bodies to criticize the government. Ways to obtain data were equally effective since the data was almost similar in all cases.
Government sources have put most of the blame on the inefficiency of the public policies on the process that is usually followed. The processes have not been well adopted by the government of Australia. Timothy (2002) proposes that these processes should be: understanding the outcome of the situation if there was no intervention by the government, the second step decides the feasible interventions. The third step determines the consequences and finally, the fourth step attempts to rank the available alternatives.
According to these sources it was evident that the public policies are not well implemented in Australia. Independent sources put the blame on the government. Political interference and the failure of the government to come up with the best processes have been attributed to the poor public policies in Australia. The government is seen as a political organ, despite being the main custodian of the policy implementation in Australia.
It is evident that both sources are making similar findings. They both see the Australian public policies as a failure and they clearly outline their arguments. However, there is a big difference in their arguments. While government sources never put the blame on the entire government but on the complexity of the system, independent bodies have laid the whole blame of the government and politicians. This might not give a true reflection of the issue and there is need to have a research that would cut across the private and government sectors to come up with the best results. The government will always try to defend its failures while other sectors outside the government will always try to pin down the government on most of its failures (Gary 2002).
The research had several weaknesses in that there were a few data sources that were used. This is a weakness because the public policy in Australia is a national issue that should be addressed from varied and extensive social, political and economical domains. The research was therefore very shallow in its investigation
An independent research should be carried out on the public policy with data being obtained from different sources that should include the general public. The data would then be analyzed by impartial and unbiased people who would determine the balanced actual cause of poor performance of the public policies in Australia.