China has been undergoing reforms in its economic and military sector that leads to its growth as a nation with the potential of becoming a superpower alongside the United States of America. In the late seventies, the country’s economy was marked with a remarkable growth which also positively affected the world’s growth rate. It has developed strong trade and investment transactions across the globe. With its great population, the country’s impending ability to maintain the growth is indisputable. The changes in their military policies implemented in the mid-eighties and lessons from the Gulf War led to the adoption of a program that transformed the military (Harding, 1992 p. 35). China developing into a superpower will intensify the differences they have with the US on leadership and military armament which can be resolved by the balance of power theory.
The People’s Republic of China rising as a superpower is a potential intimidation to the United States and the West. China and America have had a prominent relationship in many aspects although they contrast in some (Sutter, 2010 p.142). Taiwan is one of the major causes of strain in the relations; China considers it as a defector province. Taiwan faces the danger of being forcefully ruled by China and as much as the US provides China with armory, it does not fully support them in this.
When China passed the “Anti-Secession” law which blocked Taiwan from gaining independence, the US officials saw this as a threat since China’s escalating economic and military power may favor them in governing Taiwan (Sutter, 2010 p.186). In 2010, the US announced about the selling arms to Taiwan, and China countered this by cautioning them that by selling arms to Taiwan, their regional and international collaborations may be jeopardized thus reprimanding the hardware construction companies in Taiwan.
Another issue that brings about disparity between the two states is how China is worryingly investing in its military. The US and the West have great belief that the expenditure has a sinister motive and see them as a danger to other countries as well as a prospective challenge to them. (Harding, 1992 p. 107).While the US is worried about China’s military budget, they have four times higher military expenditure than that of China. The US has tried to control this by embarking on military-to-military tasks with China, but the latter has been denying it forcing them to appear in a military contest.
China’s becoming a superpower poses a security threat since they are well-equipped and through their growing statistics, they are progressively gaining the status (Sutter, 2010 p.209). They have to be controlled from being security hazards by all means. One way of solving the issue is by using the balance of power theory. This theory demonstrates how power is disseminated among states leading to a situation where no single state rules the system (Niou, 2006 p.23).
In the realism school of thought, pessimists believe that when China achieves the superpower status, it will misuse the power. Through realist optimism, America has supremacy over China and can confidently sideline China as a security threat. Realist optimists also ascertain that China is not capable of endangering the international system without conflicts. Currently, China is not in a position to take over US’s domination despite its massive economic growth (Fortmann, Paul, & Wirtz, 2004 p. 143).
Realist optimism considers that both America and China want peace since conflicts are pricey. Throughout the history, both countries appreciate the value of harmony and through cooperation they can coexist and avoid foreign interference.