Immigration of people has appeared since human existence. Many serious problems including colonization, warfare, as well as slavery, have caused most of the movements. These movements created new societies, some of which still experience conflicts while others have innovative social arrangements. However, the mass immigration of people as seen today was not possible in the past until recently due to advanced transportation that has made movement easier. This write up discusses immigration with respect to philosophical arguments on whether it has positive or negative impact on the economic status of the host country.
According to Ambrisek (2008), immigration can be defined as the influx of people in a country in search of better resources and escape from threats due to hostile neighbors and natural disasters. However, the practice has raised much controversy highlighting several ethical issues, especially whether people should be allowed to migrate freely. Earnest attention has been given to the impact of immigration on native labor force.
According to Borjas (1994), immigration has a negative impact on the host country economy and should be strictly regulated. This is due to the substitution between native workers and immigrants where the two categories of workers tend to have similar skills and suitability for jobs. Therefore, an increase in the number of immigrants leads to a reduction in available wages for the natives. Furthermore, wages offered to the native workers decrease prompting some natives to abandon their jobs. This leads to a decline in the employment level in the native country.
On the contrary, immigration lauded for its positive impact on the host country’s economy. Chiswick (2008) argues that the immigrants and the natives may be able to complement each other during production. For instance, the country may have a comparative advantage agricultural practice in situations where the immigrants have low skills compared with the native labor force. The natives are, therefore, able to specialize due to the availability of immigrants, and this increases the host country’s productivity. This raises the native wages which further provides an incentive for the natives to enter the labor market.
In conclusion, I believe that immigration will always impact differently on the host countries depending on their population and economic status. Based on the utilitarian ethics theory, governments should, therefore, consider a specific situation and know whether allowing immigrants will be beneficial of detrimental to the majority natives. In most developing countries, unemployment rates are high the population is large, and they lack the capacity to sustain their own population. In such countries, an influx due to high level of migration may lead to collapse of the already strained economy.