Karl Marx thinks that the new economic system that has taken over is not the right system and therefore individuals and nations should come together and help solve the issue o and come up with a better system. The system in question is the capitalistic system mainly brought about by rapid industrialization in the west. The discovery and development of America is one major factor that has contributed to this economic and political system (Marx, 2). He is resentful of the Bourgeoisies system, a system in which a few people own the means of social production while the poor majority languishes. The proletarians, the poor are forced to work for the bourgeon class for very little wages. The modern capitalists get richer and richer while the poor majority gets even poorer. Industrialization has led to urbanization where people stream into the cities and towns to look for work and provide labor for the few rich capitalists. This system has also led to dependency, nations that were once self-sufficient now depend on the rich industrialized nations. The east depends on the west (Marx, 4). Marx therefore thinks that the problem could get worse and worse and will lead to an increase in poverty and dependence on the rich. To make matters worse, this system gets support from leaders of the developed economies. But his ray of hope is that the leaders have acknowledged the presence of communists and that it is threat to the system they prefer (Marx, 6).
Karl Marx believes that a revolution would help end the capitalistic system and he therefore urges all likeminded individuals (Communists), especially those in European nations to get on board and present their views, aims and tendencies to the governments and help end capitalism. Marx believes that communism is the only system that can help solve the problems brought about by capitalism. Capitalism has deprived the poor their natural means of survival and the only option the majority have is to labor for the rich for minimum wages. Proletarians depend so much on the bourgeois and therefore cannot easily stand up against the bourgeois because it is his means of survival (Marx, 11). The bourgeois on the other hand depends so much on the proletarians that they cannot allow them to protest and have rights. Marx therefore suggests that only the middle class, the working class that can stand up and help fight the control of the bourgeoisie class and help save the situation caused by capitalism. The working middle class is always in competition with the upper class and therefore n can easily help fight the capitalistic system. Marx further points out that the poor, proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains, they will greatly benefit from the communist s system, which will ensure that no one becomes a means of production for the other.
According to Karl Marx, class struggles became rampant in the industrial revolution times especially in the 19th century, and the middle class was threatened by the ever-increasing control of the few rich. Industries, middle and small were threatened by giant much sophisticated industries that left the majority with no means of production. Very few people were keen to acquire wealth in the expense of the majority. Most of those who had mid size manufacturing industries could no longer compete with those with giant industries. Production therefore became monopolistic with just a few giant manufacturing industries controlling production in economies. Marx also has the view that the bourgeoisie has based its survival over generations on revolutionizing existing instruments of production (Marx, 22). He believes that this is the only way that the bourgeoisie can survive. The bourgeoisie constant revolutions on means of production and its uninterrupted disturbance of existing social conditions, its agitation and everlasting uncertainty distinguishes it from earlier systems and means of production. Marx’s other worry is that market for bourgeoisie’s products is constantly growing and therefore within no time it will end up exploiting the whole world. Other systems that preceded the bourgeoisie such as feudal system did not cause much social disturbance and mark feels that if left unchecked the entire world’s social system will be altered.
Karl Marx holds the view of the need to form a communist party, a party with no other interest but to protect the proletarians (Marx, 31). The proletarians have good cause to protest but lack the means, power and the mechanism. He knows that there are other working class parties but most of them fight for their own cause but do not have the interest o the proletarians at heart. Communist party has no borders, it is a manifestation of all proletarians independent of the country, and their aim is to over throw the bourgeois class. Just like the French revolution, the communist movement wants to bring a revolution aimed at changing the political and economic landscape that is good for just a few people, one that oppresses the majority. The difference with the French revolution however is that, whereas the French revolution fought out the feudal system and brought in place the bourgeoisie, the communist movement is keen in overthrowing the bourgeoisie system. One of its main issues with the bourgeoisie system is ownership of property. Proletarians own nothing yet they are the majority. One tenth of the populations own almost entirely the property that exists and therefore communists seek to end ownership of property. Karl Marx ‘proposes not just doing away with ownership of property but bourgeoisie property. Ownership of property brings individualism because everyone wants to own something. Those with the means want to own everything. Individualism therefore thrives due to ownership of property (Marx, 43). Therefore once property ownership is done away with, individualism will eventually die because there will be nothing to monopolize or own. Karl max believes that most working class political parties only agitate for their needs and developments and do not cater for well fare of the proletarians. He therefore proposes a communist movement that would help solve issues of proletarians and ensure that property is not left to the few capitalists and every individual gets right of access to basic requirements like education, food shelter and employment with good wages. He therefore proposes that all communists should get together and achieve this cause. It is difficult to do it if not united because the wealthy and those in power condemn communism.
Lenin’s views on ownership of property and monopolies shares in Marx’s views and he feels that modern monopoly or ownership has taken over and this was mainly in the early 20th century. He calls this modern monopoly “imperialism”. Imperialism is not just monopoly, but monopoly in larger scale. Means of production left to few giant industries (Lenin, 23). Lenin’s view was that capitalism is greatly propagated by the existence of few corporations, which control trade in their countries and the entire world. With imperialism, there is no fairness in trade, with just a few companies allowed to control particular industries. This has led to super rich individuals and corporations with the majority especially emerging companies disadvantaged. He puts his thoughts in five points, which give an in-depth explanation to the effects of imperialism (Lenin, 33). First, he points out that capitalist imperialism has significantly dropped the level of competition and only resulted to increase in m0nopoly. This has only led to the increase in parasitism, bureaucracy and stagnation. Capitalistic imperialism has also led to exploitation and domination of other countries, third world and developing countries being the victims of such exploitations (Lenin, 58). He also held the view that capitalist imperialism would lead to wars and imperialist competition and this was seen during the world wars where countries wanted to take control of other countries, properties and industries. Imperialism would at some point lead to revolutions because of its exploitative nature and control of trade.