Introduction

Unemployment has been a significant issue in the USA. The problem has escalated with a significant number of people being unemployed (Pissarides 2000). The majority of people in America consider a big amount of the unemployed one of the biggest challenges facing American economy. A survey conducted by the Gallop Poll indicates that the rate is rising with the years (Linn 2012). The survey went further to assert that thirty five percent of the American population reckon unemployment as the greatest challenge.  This signifies the exigency of dealing with the problem before it comes out of hand. A job fair held in Los Angles on February 7th 2010 indicated the direct negative effects of unemployment on the American economy.

Main Body

Current population survey indicating unemployment rate in the United States of America in percentages from 2002 to 2011, ages sixteen years old and above:

Year

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Annual Average

2002

5.7

5.7

5.7

5.9

5.8

5.8

5.8

5.7

5.7

5.7

5.9

6.0

5.8

2003

5.8

5.9

5.9

6.0

6.1

6.3

6.2

6.1

6.1

6.0

5.8

5.7

6.0

2004

5.7

5.6

5.8

5.6

5.6

5.6

5.5

5.4

5.4

5.5

5.4

5.4

5.5

2005

5.3

5.4

5.2

5.2

5.1

5.0

5.0

4.9

5.0

5.0

5.0

4.9

5.1

2006

4.7

4.8

4.7

4.7

4.6

4.6

4.7

4.7

4.5

4.4

4.5

4.4

4.6

2007

4.6

4.5

4.4

4.5

4.4

4.6

4.7

4.6

4.7

4.7

4.7

5.0

4.6

2008

5.0

4.9

5.1

5.0

5.4

5.6

5.8

6.1

6.1

6.5

6.8

7.3

5.8

2009

7.8

8.3

8.7

8.9

9.4

9.5

9.5

9.6

9.8

10.0

9.9

9.9

9.3

2010

9.7

9.8

9.8

9.9

9.6

9.4

9.5

9.6

9.5

9.5

9.8

9.4

9.6

2011

9.1

9.0

8.9

9.0

9.0

9.1

9.1

9.1

9.0

8.9

8.7

8.5

9.0

Source: (United States Department of Labour, 2012)

Unemployment has hit its highest percentage in 1983. Other challenges facing the American economy are healthcare challenges, dilapidating economy and the dissatisfaction with the current government system. Joblessness has been noted as the most worrying turn of events from the economic downturn.

Considering the data of unemployment in America, the unemployment rate rose from 4.6% to 6% during the period between 2002 and 2008 (United States Department of Labour 2012). 2009-2012 indicated the  rise of unemployment rate from 9.0% to 9.6%. This is a clear indication that unemployment rate is rising every year. The government does not take measures too address the crux. The current unemployment rate in America is 9%. This means that 14 million people in America alone are looking for jobs (United States Department of Labour 2012). There is an assumption in place considering that there are people employed part-time who would like to work on full-time basis.

There is a number of people who work but are described as discouraged workers. They keep on looking for alternative jobs with better terms and conditions. American citizens spend a considerable amount of time to get a job. This has lowered the work discrimination level among people of different genders (Pissarides 2000). Unemployment has been associated with the increased poverty in America. There have been activists claiming that America is consuming more than 87 billion dollars on war and the nation cannot feed its population.

The unemployment crisis in America is worsening. Manufacturing jobs in America, which are the backbone of the economy, are being lost. This denotes that American people are forced to employ for less prestigious jobs (Linn 2012). This has led to the increased insecurity and poverty. It is vital noting that the days associated with jobs that are well-paid, pegged with full health cover, security and smart retirement benefits are over. This has led to homelessness, unemployment, insecurity and hunger.

1.7 million Americans were considered below the poverty threshold by the year 2002. This has risen to a figure of 34.6 million Americans. A significant number of people are considered food insecure. The reports indicated that the need of emergency food in the major cities of America has been on the rise (Linn 2012). Figures are shocking considering that America is one of the richest countries in the world. This has increased the gap between the poor and the rich in the American society.

The unemployment rate was the lowest in 2006 and in 2007, comprising only 4.6%.  The unemployment rate then rose significantly between 2009 and 2011. These figures are expected to continue rising especially if the American government does not address the challenges.

I would suggest data collection that incorporates employees in part-time jobs and considers people who would be willing to change jobs. This is considering that employees who are not motivated do not contribute fully to the economy growth. A sample interviewed indicated that on average 31% of people opt for part time jobs and 22.1% are considering switching their jobs. This would produce accurate data that is reliable and reflects the conditions on the ground. Employment should only consider people that are satisfied with their job.

Primary Data Collection Sheet

Year

JJan

FFeb

MMar

AApr

MMay

JJune

JJuly

AAug

SSep

OOct

NNov

DDec

AAnnual Averages

Unemployed

9.6

8.6

7.6

9.6

9.6

10.2

10.1

10.1

10.0

9.6

9.6

9.0

9.6

Employed on part-time basis

30

30

32

33

32

332

331

31

31

30

30

30

331

Consider switching jobs

20

20

22

23

23

24

24

25

26

28

28

30

222.1

 Conclusion

Jobs are being lost at a higher rate than they are being acquired. There various causes of unemployment in the USA, namely - minimum wages are discouraging, heavy taxes on businesses by the government, licenses laws and regulatory reforms (Linn 2012). These are a few reasons that hinder Americans to find proper jobs. The government should facilitate job creations in America to enhance continuity.

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