The good physical space and the beautiful design of the classroom will make children perform in their writing, reading, listening, numeracy, playing, block building, arts, crafts, technology and science in a happy, easy, friendly, and secured manner. If the physical space is more and the design of the classroom is beautiful the children will be happy and they feel free to move here and their freely and safely, it will give children more relaxation. They start hopping around the given space and make friends easily. In the small, dark, and the badly designed classrooms, student shows their unhappiness, tightness, and get angry easily because they do not have the space they required and they shows their dislike directly and work violently.
This destroys students’ independent creativity and the hidden abilities as well. They take this tight dislike home too and keep on making difficult in their home life too. If the materials and equipment are not displayed where they cannot reach students will get agitated, shout, cry and fight with the nearby students they shows their unhappiness directly. If the student are not allows to get the experiencing of the areas of outside world such as library, music room, playgrounds, and gymnasium, also these areas are not clean and dry then the students will act violently, questioningly and difficultly. They need the space, design, materials and equipment for them to move, reach easily, to tough, to understand, learn and share their ideas with other students and show their creativity. If they have these kinds of things they will show directly their happiness, freedom, love and exchange their thoughts with others and they love to come to school every day without grumbling (Classroom).
Items displayed on the walls should be mostly student-generated works not teacher-generated or store bought materials. While they touch and see these, then they will get the knowledge how to do these and when they see other students done better they get the need to do much better than that with their work. If the displayed items are of students’ work such as drawings, projects, and posters of various skill levels which will make them happy and encourage doing more, talk about it and do mote better. Students will discuss about the work and exchange their likes and dislikes too (Classroom). There have to be teacher-generated items such as classroom rules, shapes, cutouts, recommendations, and store bought materials such as brainstorm posters, graphs, and pictures then they start thinking more about them and see how it happens and will start questioning and need the answers to their inner thoughts.
When students see these wall display materials, their inside idea of it will automatically meet with their thoughts. Through these materials, teachers are not directly “telling” anything to the students, but this will “show” how to do, understanding what to do or what not to do without a teacher (How to). With all these students actions will be speedily and freely moving to work happily, safely, communicatively and caringly with other students. These things allow students to talk, question and search. Their independent creativity and growth of the thoughts will start at this point.
When Children working in small groups will engage in competitions automatically, they do work on win-lose strategy. Therefore, all wish to do well to win, that will uncover their hidden abilities to win. Group work will allows all the students to cooperate and master the project (A Practical). At this time good thoughts and bad thoughts will generate in students’ minds. If one loses then start arguments, jealousy and fights and the winners will be happy and encouraged too.
When working in groups, children with various levels of understanding will watch each other and try to imitate the work; the difference between them will slowly reduce, and all will become of the same level (How to). When watching others and doing things, children automatically come to terms with each other; at that time, some knowledge will be shared among those children. This gives them the understanding of each other. The students knowing different languages will communicate in their body language first and then develop good language skills. Children of very young ages when asking questions by the teacher normally shut their mouths tightly and wait, but some are very talkative and give the answer not only the questions asked but to other questions too. These are the differences between different levels of students. At the same time, teacher has to be active in many ways to make all the children answer his/her questions. Group works will show good results at this level of teaching by demonstrations, role paly, dramas, storytelling, songs, dancing, games, etc.; group work will make it easier to answer the questions without any fear and shyness (How to).
Reading aloud is a very powerful strategy with solid researches behind it. This gives pleasure; some students will never have that experience even in their homes (Chip Wood). When reading loud teachers can correct the students’ pronouncing levels and combine the different attitudes to the cultures as well. This will develop the knowledge and understanding properly. At this point students will get to know each other better and understand their difficulties and others as well. This creates love, patience and sympathy in students mind. Vocabulary development, higher questioning skills and reading skills will develop between students, reduce the students’ boredom, stress and meet with their academic levels (Classroom).
While doing group work, most of the students will be very active, and some will be watching and waiting not working with the group; this is a normal strategy. In small groups, teacher can observe students correctly but in big groups of 50 -100 students, it is difficult to give each person attention (How to). Most active students will react and will come to help the backward students to make the group work successful.