Early childhood special education is the education offered to the children who have special needs. It focuses on providing them with the information that improves their lives and that of their families. Experts and professionals for training in special education services provide the relevant information to the children with special needs, such as visual, mental, or physical disabilities, as well as help their parents to acquire the information for assisting them to cope with their children’s special needs and to help them improving their lives (“Early Childhood Special Education”, 2011).
The 2004 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act stipulates that all children with special needs must be provided with the transition services. Transition services for the children with special needs focus on improving their school and post-school functionality. The aim of transition services is to help the children with special needs to acquire such experiences that are fundamental for their independent living and employment. Transition services offered to the children with special needs include work skills, social and community skills, self-advocacy skills, and functional living skills (“Transition”, 2010).
According to Schott (2011), parents of the children with special needs pass through five stages. The first stage is denial. This involves failing to accept that a child has a special need. If a parent is stuck to this stage for a long time, his/her child’s special need remains unaddressed, thus, affecting the child’s development. The next stage that parents experience is anger. This comes after an individual gets trough the denial. Typically, a parent is aware that anger is misplaced but lacks the emotional control over it. After getting via anger, the next stage is bargaining. Bargaining entails trying to figure-out what might work for the child. Once a parent recognizes that his/her child has some special need(s), reality sets in. A parent realizes that the special need is permanent and it will be a part of his/her child’s life forever. This stage is known as depression. The last stage is acceptance. This occurs when a parent finally acknowledges who his/her child is and begins to recognize his/her potential, skills, and gifts (Schott, 2011).