The education sector is one of the most dynamic sectors that are frequently affected by change in social, political, and economic arenas. Currently, debate is ongoing as to whether education should continue to be a public utility. The overriding factor motivating these debates is the continued proliferation of private schools together with homeschooling that continues to receive overwhelming acceptance amongst parents. As a result, many governments, which are the main sponsors of public education, are wary that the increase in the number of private schools and homeschooling poses a danger to the need of providing a unified kind of education to the people. Those who are in support of private education cite the dwindling quality of education in public schools together with increased cases of violence, harassment, and other forms of discrimination that are common in public schools. The entry of private investors has raised eyebrows over the underlying reasons that attract numerous private individuals into the education sector. This paper is a proposition for carrying out a research on public versus private education debate.

Education is an important factor in development of any society. Whether it is social, political, or economic development, education serves as an enlightenment tool that ensures that a society makes right decisions. Therefore, different governments have been on the forefront to educate parents to take their children to school. Governments have also developed curriculums that define what the children learn in schools. However, the private form of education has continued to grow as more and more parents turn to private education and homeschooling as the preferred choices of education for their children. They argue that technology has empowered them with resources that are needed to ensure that children learn just as those in public schools and to some extent get better education than those in public schools. This paper is a proposal for a research in the debate concerning public and private education. 

Study Justification/Public versus Private Education

The topic of this research is the ongoing debate that seeks to bring to light the advantages and disadvantages of public and private education. Many people who are dissatisfied with public education cite poor quality of education that children in public schools are exposed to. They argue that public schools have turned into institutions that seek to perpetuate the ideologies of the governments and therefore fail to serve the purpose of helping the individual development of children in those schools. Similarly, they argue that public schools have been recording increasing cases of violence while at the same cases contribute to the increasing moral erosion and drug abuse. As such, they argue that private schools, and to a certain extent homeschooling, provide the opportunity for parents to monitor the kind of education that their children get while also allowing them to inculcate religious values in their children.

On their part, public education proponents argue that allowing homeschooling and private schools to take over the education system will contribute to the increasing gaps in access to education because many parents are not able to provide private education to their children. They also argue that harmonization is necessary in the education system in order to ensure that children are able to acquire a relevant level of education when they graduate from those schools.

Hypothesis for Conducting the Proposed Research

This research is hinged on the following hypothesis:

  1. There is a higher number of parents who are willing to provide their children with private education than the government is aware of.
  2. Private education and homeschooling empower students with better skills to ensure necessary development in social, economic, and political spheres of a country than those public education provides.
  3. Cases of drug abuse, violence, and harassment have tremendously increased in public schools in the recent past.
  4. Technology provides an excellent opportunity and resources that are necessary to educate students holistically.

Research Questions for the Proposed Research

This research will answer the following research questions:

Qualitative research questions:

  1. How do the participant government and parents perceive the relationship between public and private education?
  2. How many cases of violence, drug abuse, and harassment have been reported in the chosen public schools in the last one year in a given region?

Quantitative research questions:

  1. What are the technological tools and resources that parents in private and homeschooling education use to teach their children?
  2. Do the teachers and tutors who teach in private schools and homeschooling possess the relevant qualification to teach children taking into consideration social, economic, technical, and political development?

The value of the proposed research to the field of education

This research is important to the field of education as it will help the stakeholders to come up with policies that will govern private education to bring harmonization with the public education. The research will also outline the steps that the players within the industries can use to ensure that children receive the best quality of education regardless of whether they are in public or private education.

The Targeted Educational Professionals

The research study will target the Regional Education Coordinator and the Head of Education Development Committee. Interviewing the two professionals will provide statistics on the number of parents who have opted for private education. The research will also seek reasons why the government is opposed to homeschooling or private education.

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