Wildlife and Oil drilling has been one of the controversial issues regarding the environment. So to speak, Oil drilling has been since time in memorial. This is following the needs of Oil products and in more specific terms the need for fuel of which is derived from oil. At this point it is important to define or rather describe what is oil drilling. Oil drilling is the process through which a tube is bored through the surface of the earth and oil well is established thereof. In connection to this, a pump is then connected to the tube and forcefully, the petroleum is removed from underground. Especially in the 21st century, oil business has grown in a remarkable manner as there are many cars that require or rather use oil as fuel as well as the use it domestically. Cars are not only the beneficiaries of Petroleum products like oil; but equally, fossil fuels and natural gas for heating have been greatly made use of. Again, there has been the use of oils not just in cars but in building plastics.

 In the current world, there has been a controversy that has been born out of the fact that oil drilling is associated with adverse environmental effects. This is to suggest that oil drilling is a cause for environmental pollution ranging from water, air and the whole environment in the larger perspective (Easton, 2006, p.19). Oil drilling has also been associated with destruction of environment as large extents of lands have been cleared as the oil is being drilled. One may ask the relationship that exists between oil drilling and wildlife but it is obvious that most of the oil deposits happen to be in forests of which it is well known that they are habitats for wildlife both for living and feeding. This is to suggest that the destruction of the forests or the refuges that are made for wildlife in the name of Oil drilling would translate to extinction of the wildlife.

Having in mind the fact that wildlife is important and that it adds to the economy of any state, care should be taken in order to safeguard the existence of it. Oil drilling in this sense has threatened the life of the wildlife and if continued the wildlife will suffer and finally get extinct. Since Wildlife and Oil Drilling has been pointed as a controversial environmental issue, there have been those that oppose and those that support it. The debate or rather the controversy arises on matters to do with the effects that oil drilling has on the wildlife and between the two which is more important and in particular what needs care to be taken. By weighing the benefits of oil drilling and preserving the wildlife has bred a great debate which to some extent has acted as a political tool (Chiras, 2009).  

Despite the differing points of views from those who support oil drilling and those that reject it, an argumentative point of view in favor of one of the view will be brought into view. Before exploring on what the pros and cons for oil drilling and wildlife are, it is important to point out on some of the impacts of oil drilling. The environmental impacts of oil drilling accompany every stage of drilling right from the time of drilling to the point of disposal (Easton, 2008, p.22). The landscape is adversely affected, the marine life, birds, the terrestrial wildlife and in the larger perspective the people involved. In this connection, for the oil drilling undersea, some seismic waves are sent into the ground and as a result they misadjust the marine life and in particular for whales it leads to beaching.

It is also required that for oil drilling that there is an extensive infrastructure. The infrastructure includes roads, jet landing strips, and also pipelines that disrupt the wildlife and in addition erode the vegetation that the wildlife depends on. Notably, oil spills are so hard to clean up as the easily spread over water and they happen to be fatal to birds, marine life and other such like wildlife. In the same line of thought, oil drilling is accompanied by a byproduct of water which has a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons lethal to marine life and in particular, its low concentration lead to birth defects as well as weakened growth. Accordingly, oil drilling is accompanied by a lot of mud substance and mire of which the disposition of the sludge include land farming and shadowing ponds lethal to migratory birds.

Having an overview of the environmental impacts of oil drilling, the oil drilling area proposed near the Arctic National wildlife Refuge (ANWR) remains to be a sensitive area for oil drilling leading to great controversy of wildlife and oil drilling in the United States (Chiras,2009). It was discovered that the ANWR was a potential area that can be drilled to get some oil. The suggestion was accepted by majority with still a good percentage rejecting it (Easton, 2008). To those that propose the idea of drilling oil in this area, argue that the oil that would be produced would greatly reduce the amount of expenditures on imports of oil for fuel. According to George W. Bush, the former president of the US, before Barrack Obama, supported the idea of oil drilling in the ANWR since it would create more jobs for the residents and reduce the cost of importing oil from the Middle East.

 Others that support the idea see it as to have a great economical impact especially as it would reduce the amount of oil imported for catering for domestic expenditure. According to research findings, the supporters of oil drilling in this area happen to be inclusive of the residents of Alaska. However, the big question remains on whether the amount of oil presumably thought to be underlying in this area would be compared to the value of wildlife that would be lost if this task is accomplished. There remains to be so many issues that need to be examined closely in order to validate the oil drilling of this area (Easton, 2008). The area is well known to be a breeding ground for caribou and the polar bears that take refuge in it. Outstandingly, it is one of the best scenes in the United Sates, beautiful and also a tourist attraction that contributes largely to the economy of the state. Also, it is a preservation of the cultural heritage of the United States with a great scenario for recreation as well as the fact that it offers room for scientists to conduct researches that are scientific in nature.

 According to Barrack Obama, the current president of the US, drilling should not be done on this area as the value of the estimated oil that the area can give is far much smaller. Compared to what Arctic National wildlife Refuge (ANWR means to the American state, the amount that is supposedly found in the area can only contribute to very little especially to the global market of the oil (International Debate Education Association, 2004, p.87). This is for the reason that the oil price is determined in the global price market of which the oil estimated to be produced by drilling ANWR is far much smaller as it would contribute to about 0.6 percent of the global oil.

As such, this is quiet a small amount that should not be magnified to the expense of loosing the wildlife and the advantages associated. Additionally, proponents of the oil drilling of Arctic National wildlife Refuge have based their proposal on a very limited amount of research information. There is a lot of uncertainty on the amount available and therefore, this sensitive area should not be sacrificed in the name of the oil that even when it is drilled will leave US still depending on foreign import of the same. It is so unfortunate that the amount of oil estimated will leave the US still in need for and in fact importing two thirds of oil. This is ridiculous and as a consequence, ANWR should not be drilled for oil as it would threaten the life of the wildlife that is so important (International Debate Education Association, 2004, p.87). In consistent to this, oil drilling in the ANWR would translate to more dependency on nonrenewable energy resources rather that opting the use of the renewable ones that help to maintain a sustainable world. Furthermore, the oil drilling in ANWR would only help for months and the problem will persist.

Oil drilling has been associated with detrimental effects to the natural environment and in particular it has been pointed out as a major cause of global warming. Global warming has done much of harm to climate change which has affected water resources and the natural environment. Oil drilling pollutes air, water and the environment in the larger perspective. With modernization accompanied by industrialization, drilling means sacrificing the natural environment and toxic byproducts being realized thus leading to greater effects to the natural environment (Chiras, 2009).

The advantages and the benefits of the natural environment are quiet numerous and it should not be mistaken that oil drilling is the only way to safeguard the State of America from importing oil fro the Middle East. Usually, it is a good idea to make an economical analysis of the environmental impacts as compared to the kind of task that it is intended. One may question the importance of wildlife, but, given the benefits such questions would not arise. For this reason, it is essential to note some of the advantages of wildlife connected to the fact that the biodiversity is a factor that supports the human life and the society at large (Easton, 2006).

Therefore biodiversity is an important factor that should not be ignored. Even the coal and oil that has greatly contributed to power supply globally is a product of biodiversity. In the current era, there seems to be a problem and less care that has been allotted to the preservation of the environment and this does not leave out the importance of Arctic National wildlife Refuge. Although proponents of oil drilling in this area put it that they will employ more environmentally friendly technology to drill, the area is so important that the sacrifice is not worthy(Collin, 2006).  In spite of the clashing views on the environmental issues, a sustainable life of Earth essentially needs the biodiversity not excluding the importance of wildlife.

Why is the nation not looking for alternatives of the renewable sources of energy rather than debate over a small area like ANWR?  Of a truth, the approximated amount of oil is of so little a value that if oil drilling is done there would be no substantial contribution towards reducing the amount of oil required to serve the needs of the US population. The amount of oil available therefore is unjustifiable and even though the proponents claim that large acres of land would not be destroyed, the destruction is inevitable with little economical benefits (Collin, 2006). In line with this, impact of this environmental issue, that is, wildlife and oil drilling on a sustainable world is so great that it cannot be underestimated.

Oil drilling and wildlife is an environmental issue that if it is closely examined has adverse effects on the value of biodiversity and the value it has to a sustainable world. Oil drilling and the aftermath effects destruct the normal functioning as well as the sustainable world that balances the environment with other factors. Air pollution from it would lead to deaths not only for the wildlife but human beings as well. Moreover, destruction of wildlife along with oil spills on water would affect human beings too through the water and plants as well. Destruction of vegetation and the hydrocarbons released in the air are a major cause of global warming that threatens a sustainable world (Alternative Energy Institute & Smith, 2005). Consequently, the cost of oil drilling is far much greater as compared to the short term benefits that would be realized and therefore, oil drilling should be avoided at all cost to safeguard the wildlife of which it is an essential part of the environment that should in fact be protected no matter the kind of development.

Finally, it is important to state that Wildlife and Oil Drilling is an environmental issue that needs extensive research to be done to reveal all the issues that are involved and in particular the impacts that it has on the sustainable world. Presumably, the best thing to do is to resort to renewable energy resources to protect the environment from degradation and in the larger perspective help alleviate the effects of global warming and thus a sustainable world can be realized.

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