Adolf Hitler's Popularity Prior to the World War II

Adolf Hitler was an Austrian citizen who was born in Vienna. Hitler began his tough journey in life after losing his parents at a tender age. His mother died of cancer leaving him helpless in the poverty that hovered around Vienna. He was interested in arts, and his school performance was exemplarily impressive. However, he never got a chance to finish his studies; hence, Hitler had sought job in the Austrian army for a long time, but all in vain. He joined the German army during the First World War and was lucky to get a promotion as an army corporal. His political ambition started when he joined the National Socialist Germans Worker’s Party in 1920. However, Adolf Hitler was always driven by greed for power, hatred for the Jews; these factors made his Nazi party lose in general elections.

Hitler’s dictatorship began manifesting itself when he attempted to overthrow Bavarian government. He consequently served a jail term of 9 months having been sentenced to the 5 years imprisonment. Hitler’s behaviour might have blocked him from winning in democratic elections. Having worked in the educational department in the army, he used to argue about the negative sides of communism, socialism, and pacifism. The party gained support from soldiers, who adopted the practice to interrupt other political parties’ meetings. The party was very poorly financed at this level and could hardly compete with the major political factions.

Germans had lost in the First World War; hence, the country had to pay war reparations to France. United States, however, supported its economy by lending money. German economy deteriorated after the First World War and the state currency lost its value, as compared to the American dollar. Germans were not contented with the Treaty of Versailles. The terms of the treaty rendered the German citizens helpless, making them a subject to political deceptions. Hitler had plans of using these weaknesses to popularize himself, but German economy improved in a period between 1924 and 1929. The Nazi Party won fewer seats as compared to the Communist Party.

In October 1929, the Great Depression made the United States withdraw its funds and Germany was left helpless. Germany’s political system became very weak and was marked by desperate political leaders, who continued to quit after they were unable to reinstate the economy to its original position. Unemployment level rose to alarming figures. Hitler liaised with a tycoon, who decided to fund the party. The party was on its feet again, and Adolf Hitler’s oratory skills steered it to high levels. Hitler took advantage of the Great Depression to talk about the ills of the Treaty of Versailles and claimed to have the ability to stabilize the Germany’s economy.

The Nazi Party had not gained popularity until 1928. The party managed to win 810,000 votes out of the thirty -one million, implying that this was a great loss to the Communist Party. The Nazi was financed by a tycoon; hence, the faction was able to save itself from being declared a bankrupt. There were German citizens, who decided to support Adolf Hitler; however, the majority considered it as a risk and decided to back up the traditional parties. Hitler could not have won through democratic means despite him being able to lure a large number of the Germans to his party. In 1932, Hitler won 30.1% of the votes with the figure increasing by only 6.7% in the subsequent elections. He got the post of the Chancellor by luck, after President Hindenburg’s appointment. Hitler disliked the Communists and used to blame them for the poor state of the country’s economy. Hitler also recognised the need to receive support both from the elites and the working class, though he did not manage to attract more sympathizers than the Communist Party had. He obtained favours from farmers due to the promises of reviving the agricultural sector.

Fire broke out in the Reichstag building, in 1933. Hitler accused the Communist of organising a riot. He declared a state of emergency in the country. In some other instances, people feared that Hitler had burned the building himself, to take over the power. Hitler was responsible for the fire outbreak and used the opportunity to declare a state of emergency. Hitler had lost hopes of ever becoming the President through democratic means; hence, he preferred the path of dictatorship. When President Hindenburg died in 1934, Hitler took the powers of the ruler by force.

Hitler banned all the other political parties. The Communist Party was illegalised, and the Nazi supporters obtained the important seats in the government. Democracy was ruined, and the activity of the trade unions was prohibited. The workers were forced to join the German Labour Front, and any defiance translated to arrest and murder. The German system of education was changed, and the learning activities were inclined towards praising the Dictator. Traditional books were burned, and boys were taught various war tactics.

The Nazi regime became very unpopular. Even though other political parties were banned, activists did not give up but continued to acknowledge Germans on the negative features of the Nazi. The Nazi supporters became aware of deception and turned against Hitler. The Social Democratic Party had five million voters. Hitler was adamant to allow democracy to develop. The leaders were jailed, and only few lucky manage to flee to other countries. An underground organization was formed by Social Democratic party to oppose the Nazi regime. This movement became known as the Red Shock Movement and gained strong support from the exiled leaders, party activists, newspapers, and university students from Berlin. The leaders of the group ended up in prison, but the group continued to carry their campaigns.

The Communists also participated in the resistance. Many of them were detained in the concentration camps controlled by Nazis. The resistant parties were backed by the working class. The Nazi under Adolf Hitler attacked the working-class homes and took machines that were used to produce the anti-Nazism placards. In order to weaken the Communists, Hitler reduced the unemployment and protected the jobs of the working population. The number of Nazi followers was not growing; however, the resistance from the working class was reduced.

The industrial workers also staged demonstrations to oppose the Nazi policies. The workers protested against the increase in food prices and over poor working conditions. The workers risked being killed by defiance to give Hitler his symbolic salute, destruction of machinery, and not going to work. This indicated the degree of irritation that the Germans suffered under the Nazi regime. There were strikes by workers constructing roads, and those engaged in the weapons industry slowed down the production process. There were plans of assassinations aimed towards the public good. Elser risked by plotting to bomb Hitler when he was making a speech; however, the dictator managed to survive. The youth also participated in the protests against Hitler’s regime. The youths worked in groups and met in cities, in order to avoid conflicts with the Nazi forces. They composed songs that sought to demean Hitler and describe his cruel policy. The youths ignored the travel limitation and organized camps frequently. Many young people were against the Germans participation in the World War II since they were aware of the consequences of the war.

In 1928, Hitler signed the anti-Communist policy with Benito Mussolini and several other European leaders. The Communist supporters were hurt by the move. However, the international relations and objectives of Adolf Hitler to protect the German Citizens from external attacks made the number of his supporters increase. There were some citizens, who showed undying affection for Adolf Hitler. This group supported the World War II initiative since they believed that the national security was of the top priority. They believed that the war reparation payment will end, as the Treaty of Versailles would be annulled. However, these individuals had strong connections with the Nazi; hence, they did not suffer due to dictatorship. The plans for the war began early through rearmament programs. Boys had been trained to become soldiers since a very tender age.

Critical analysis of Hitler’s move to protect the nation shows that many Germans still opted not to engage in the war. Hitler had broken off any relationships that existed between him and the citizens before he became a dictator. Initially, the university students were his strong supporters; however, they changed their thoughts due to Hitler’s actions. Hitler did not keep his promises; hence, he was unable to coordinate the nation properly. Germans had relied on democracy for a long period, but Hitler changed the system completely. The citizens were exempted from the decision making process. The dictator had killed and detained many people on the basis of race and political views; hence, nobody seemed to be willing or ready to support Hitler’s ideas and initiatives.

Hitler had never wanted to follow the legal means to gain power. He always preferred to use shortcuts, and he was capable of killing as many people as needed to gain power. His traits, as a rule, made people despise him for anti-Semitism spirit and hatred for the Communists. His Oratory skills enabled him to attract the attention of Germans during the time of trouble. His promises of economic revival and protection against the Treaty of Versailles were empty. If the Germans did not encounter any economic problems, Hitler could not have ascended to power. This is evidenced by the 1928 general elections which indicated that Hitler was not trusted by the citizens of the country. As a dictator, Hitler became a stumbling block to economic development. The fact made him very unpopular amongst the Germans, and no one could ever trust him again.

In conclusion, even though Hitler managed to seize power during a very short period of time, he lost the public support because of his unpopular and discriminative home policy, in few years. At the time when the world was suffering from the Great Depression, and the economic situation of Germany was worsened by the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, Hitler was considered to be the saviour and the national hero. With time, however, Hitler established dictatorship and lost support from the most loyal followers. The Nazi leader had built his state machinery from close like-minded people and ruled the country through fear and terror.

Order now

Related essays