In the early 17th century, Alamo was established as Antonio de Valero and was originally occupied by missionaries and Indian converts. The town was built between 1720 and 1730. In the year 1792, the Spanish arrived and converted the natives into Christianity. In addition, the Spanish allocated the Indian land among the landless natives. The Indian community used to rely heavily on farming and in this regard valued their land as a source of wealth. In the history of America, the battle of Alamo is considered important since it played a significant role in the events that led to the Texas Revolution.
In 1835, Texas forces being led by Stephen Austin sieged the Mexican town of San Antonio. During this siege, the Texas troops forced the Mexican general, Perfecto De Cos, to surrender. Because of the fight, the town inhabitants were forced to flee to Mexico hence the elimination of Mexican troops in Texas. Following this win, the occupying forces struggled to fortify Alamo’s defences from Mexicans attacks. In this regard, the Texas troops were reinforced by addition of more commanders. Meanwhile, After Cos’ defeat in Texas, he returned to a safer place in Mexico and together with the Mexican commander, Lopez De Santa, planned an attacked on Alamo with the help of a troop of 6000 men. The troops’ key purpose was to assist in suppressing the revolt in Texas. In February 1836, Santa added more than 20 firearms to his decree and moved towards Texas through san Antonio de Bexar. For the following 15 days, the two sides fought resulting in some casualties from either side.
The Texan commander, upon realizing that his troops could not conquer the Mexican troops, he requested for additional reinforcement Through his plea, he was able to obtain an additional 100 men. On February 23, Santa Anna’s troops reached the territories of San Antonio. The Texas defenders were surprised, as they had not anticipated the arrival of Santa’s troop considering significantly poor weather conditions. First, Santa requested the Texas defenders to surrender, but they resisted by firing a cannon at the Mexican troops. In this regard, Santa planned a successful siege on Alamo. Within the course of the following few days, Santa’s troops significantly closed on Alamo’s territories. Considering these developments, the Texans and Tejanos agreed on defending Alamo as a unit. Alamo’s defenders led by William B. Travis, who persistently asked for reinforcement from the Texas government, were successful to hold back the Mexican troops for a few days. In response to their plea, the Alamo’s defenders received an additional 32 men who volunteered to defend the town. In this regard, the number of defenders rose to just about 200. When Colonel William realised that the probability of obtaining additional men was insignificant, he encouraged everyone not to flee but to stay back and fight the invaders. Although the defenders were considerably aware of the possibility of losing their lives in their undertakings, they fought a spirited fight. To date, this story instils bravery to every Texan when he or she realizes how their forefathers fought with overwhelming odds. As the tension build up between the two sides, delegates throughout Texas met and declared their country independence. This led to the formation of the Republic of Texas in American history.
On the 6th of March 1836, Alamo’s defenders received were dealt a final blow. The Mexican soldiers planned an assault and attacked Alamo.
Although the defenders managed to repel them for some time, the Mexicans regrouped and managed to destroy the town’s walls and advance through. While inside, they captured a cannon, which they later used in, blasting the remaining closed entrances. The defenders, although putting up a resistance that lasted for several hours, were completely overpowered by Santa’s troops. By dawn, the war had ended and Santa’s came in to celebrate his victory. After the fall of Alamo, William’s letter arrived at convention 1836. Upon receiving the letter, the delegates adjourned their sitting unaware of Alamo’s tragedies. The delegates’ next plan was to act on William’s letter and develop their constitution. Afterwards Houston was appointed the leader of Texan forces. He travelled to Gonzales to join other groups that were planning to join the 200 defenders at Alamo. On his way, Huston was informed by Andres Barcenas of the downfall of Alamo. At first, Houston thought the man was an enemy spy and arrested him. He then proceeded with his journey to Gonzales were he confirmed the report upon his arrival. With this in mind, Houston ordered all civilians neighbouring Alamo to vacate and withdrew his army in fear of an attack from Santa’s troops. Following Huston’s orders, Texas witnessed a mass departure of people often referred to as Runaway Scrape in the history of America where the civilians and government officials fled to the eastern part of Texas.
As the news of Alamo’s downfall spread, Houston, to his surprise, witnessed an increase in the number people volunteering to fight in his army. The volunteers came from different parts of America as many people across America sympathised with the people of Texas. One month later, the Texans army overthrew Santa’s troops and drove them out of Texas capturing back
Alamo. This eventually resulted in the end of the Mexican rule over Texas and marked an inception of a new republic in American history.Overtime the number of Mexicans troops killed over Texans’ has brought pride to every Texan as he or she divulges their forefathers daring struggle to secure their freedom.