British Isles

The British Isles consist of many small islands, joining the European continent. The most prominent of the islands are Ireland and Great Britain. The isles share a lot, both in terms of geography and their rich history. The two most prominent islands were formed a long time ago, with Great Britain being formed in 12000 BC and Ireland 8000 BC. Over the years, the region has seen massive power struggles, especially over boundaries and control. One of the prominent battles is the Viking invasion, in which Great Britain won, and the territory of Ireland was shrunk. However, this did not end the wrangles in the region. This period was also characteristic of rapid transition of leadership, with many monarchs rising and falling.

In the 16th and 17th centuries, there were a series of battles and confrontations between islands and kingdoms in the isles that led to the formation of the territory to what it is today. One of these was the battle of Culloden. This was led by Charles Edward Stuart, and was geared towards liberating the sovereignty of the British kingdom.  This followed a string of events that had occurred when Britain fell into the hands of one leader with Ireland. This battle, being the last, had been presided by some other battles of the Jacobite uprising. Since the others that came before were unsuccessful, this one was driven by passion and a desire to preserve heritage.

Another issue that brought controversy and ultimately power struggle was the church. Ireland and its leaders were bent on enforcing the Church of England as the only supreme church in the region. On the other hand, the kingdom of Scotland was leaning towards the Catholic Church. These differences led to the split of Great Britain into Scotland and England while Ireland broke off into small kingdoms, but still under the same umbrella. This was a period of massive disunity among the group of islands. It was imperative to solve this issue, which had for a long time threatened to destroy humanity. This was also the time when other religions were taking roots into the world hence Christianity had to solidify its stand by standing with one church.

This struggle brought about by religion led to the rebellion of Ireland in 1641. The kingdom further alienated itself from the rest, due to pressure from the Catholic Church. This church was trying to force their beliefs and customs unto the Irish people, without any consideration on the preexisting Church of England. This rebellion lasted a considerable period and led to the formation of the Irish confederate. In Scotland, the leadership was inclined towards the protestant. This was one of the reasons that the kingdom was automatically aligned towards the Church of England. Some analysts saw this as a way of avoiding to support Catholicism.

Although religion was the main cause of this war, there are other factors that played towards shaping the future of Ireland and the other kingdoms. Land was a crucial commodity during those times. During this period, land was taken from those citizens who showed disloyalty to the crown and was given to those who were aligned to the kingdoms of England and Scotland. This created hostility and animosity between the kingdoms, hence the breakout of the war. Another factor that made land such a crucial issue during this time was that the economy of the region was agricultural based. The industrial revolution had not yet occurred, so the only sector that would support the economy was agriculture.

Social classes during this time were starting to widen. In Ireland, the wealthy class was growing rapidly and gaining favor across the region. This threatened the governments in other kingdoms since Ireland was gaining empowerment. Also, the economy of Ireland, especially the agricultural economy had been hard hit by drought. This forced them to drive out farmers from other kingdoms and use this land for their personal uses. This also let to the hostility in the region.

Even with all these contributing factors, the greatest issue, which led to the battle between Ireland, England and Scotland, was the single rule, whereby they found themselves submitted, under Charles Stuart. This happened when the three kingdoms fell under the rule of Charles the second. The wars that followed were severe and consequential. However, at the end, the kingdoms united for a short time.

In the wake of the wars, no kingdom would stand independently. All were maimed by rampant diseases and adverse loss of life. Also, there was famine due to manpower being taken from the farms. The three kingdoms had no choice but to work together and try to redeem themselves from the ashes of battle. This was done under Oliver Cromwell. Upon his death, the kingdoms disintegrated to their individual compositions.

Ireland registered the most visible changes in the wake of the wars. It lost almost 20000 of its citizens, hence taking an enormous blow in terms of citizenship. Also, most of their arable land went without productivity since most of the strong people had been deployed to war. A majority of the citizens also converted to Catholicism and even led the Irish Catholics to battle. Being outnumbered by the confederates, the Catholics enlisted additional help from other countries such as France and Spain.

After the period of war, the region had a chance to experience peace, even though it was short lived. This attitude was carried into the 18th century, when the kingdoms separated fully and became autonomous regions. The issue of religion was also solved with the scrapping of the Church of England and the House of Lords. By 1750, Ireland was once again a stable economy, although most of their citizens have joined the Diaspora.

Ireland was bound to withstand the pressure and destruction of war since they were well situated in the islands. Also, they control a vast geographical spread of the isles, hence were well equipped to maintain themselves. This was also the case with the Great Britain. Irish people can be found all through the world, following mass exodus from the country in the 18th century.

Scotland was united with England for a brief period after the wars to form Great Britain. After the battle, it was clear that Scotland was best as a constituent of the Great Britain, mainly because of its size and the geographical position. Also, there were not enough resources in their boundaries to sustain them without outside help. This hence led to the need for a larger territory for which Scots would rely on for their sustenance.

With all the tension that the region went through, at the end there were two regions that came out of the isles. These are the republic of Ireland and the Great Britain. These two regions still share many resources and have even merged some of their events, both politically and socially. These two regions later merged to form the United Kingdom, with each retaining its governing structure. It might seem as if the period, in which they engaged in battles against one another, were in vain, but these events helped solve a host of key issues, such as land and religion. This region is now predominantly occupied with Catholics, although the Church of England has some root therein.

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