Depression is also known as melancholia. It has been one of the diseases which is curable and have been a key concern among the professional in the field of medicine. Depression was discovered in the Ancient Greece (Terkel, 1970). The Greek thought that depression was caused by lack of certain fluids in the body immune system. They believed that depression disorder could make an individual prone to suspicion. The health professionals considered that depression could make an individual to have a phobia (Terkel, 1970).
Depression disorder was characterized by loss of interest or depressed moods. At the time of Ancient Greece people believed that melancholia was an inherited disease, unchangeable weakness of temperament hence made people believe that affected persons should be locked up and do not associate them with the community members (Munzo, 1993). The method of discriminating the affected person caused stigma, and hence they could live for long because they were not taken as part of the family.
In the year 1621, Burton Robert published Anatomy of Melancholy. In his book he described the key contribution of depression, the psychological and social factors. The social factors involved poverty, solitude and poor diet were the main factors. In the same book, he recommended the following as the treatment or the factors that could help to reduce the effects of depression, good diet involving balanced diet, light exercises, purgatives, marriage or music therapy are considered as the control and treatment of depression (Burton, 1621). Patients with melancholia disorder were prone to develop agoraphobia, or a fear being seen in public places.
Statistics for Life Prevalence of Depression According to Sex, Race and Age
According to the statistic women are 70% more likely than men to experience depression during their lifetime. According to the race, Non-Hispanic blacks were in state of depression 40% less than non-Hispanic whites who experience depression during their lifetime (Munzo, 1993). Referring to adults with over 60 years, the 18-29 years old people were 70 % more likely to be affected with depression over lifetime, on the average people in their 30-40swere 120% likely to be affected while the group of 45-59 years old were 100% more like to have depression (Munzo, 1993)
What it was Like Having Depression for Individual
People who were affected with depression faced many challenges in their live. They were marginalized with their friends and community hence lost their hope in life. Patient suffering from depression were likely to eat too much so that they can keep themself busy because they have nothing to do (Terkel, 1970). The patients suffering from depression preferred staying indoors because of the stigma they faced and the cold reception they were given other people. The best solution is to avoid meeting other people. (Terkel, 1970)
Frustration from family members could make an individual to opt for death rather than struggling with the diseases. People confuse HIV symptoms to depression symptoms, this resulted to people not willing to associate with individual having depression thinking that they have HIV (Munzo, 1993). They could try to do anything to make sure they are happy, and this made them accept their way of life and not live on denial. Depressed patients could indulge so much that they cannot see the way of surviving without feeling discriminated and prevent stigma (Lawlor, 2012).
Was it Hard to be Diagnosed With Depression
Depression was mainly caused by a mixture of genetic factors and exposure to stressful life. People were coming up with different ideas on what caused depression because of its unique features (Munzo, 1993). It was difficult to know whether someone is suffering from depression or not. Any change of some chemicals in the body and brain could cause depression. However, it depends on the life of an individual. Everyone in the society can be diagnosed with depression and depression is not a communicable disease (Terkel, 1970).
The symptoms of depression include decrease in sexual urge, feelings worthless, lack of sleep and poor coordination of the body system (Munzo, 1993). Preventing depression depends on the way someone chooses to live his life without stress. Women are more vulnerable and get affected easily, especially pregnant women (Munzo, 1993)
How Depression has changed over the Years
The conducted researches show that there are many factors that are associated with depression. In previous years, the prevalence of depression has been high among married couples. Married couples always face with many challenges hence they get stressed up and end up developing depression (Lawlor, 2012). Previously there was no any drug that people could use to control the depression. For people with depression, it was easy to see the symptoms. Comparing to the recent years it is not easy to know people who are affected by depression because of different types of food they take and improved living standards (Lawlor, 2012).
Over the year’s depression, diagnosis have been the major challenge and ranked the second killer disease after HIV. Previously when patients were diagnosed with depression, they could seek spiritual intervention. Nowadays people check depression through a blood test system and family history before it becomes wild (Lawlor, 2012). Treatment of depression had improved compared to the previous years when there was no medication specifically for depression. The medication may include the use of shock treatment, use dug treatment such as antidepressants. The Electro-Convulse therapy is mostly used for the patients who cannot wait for the drugs to be effective in the body (Lawlor, 2012).
Stigma and Depression
When people were diagnosed with depression and symptoms start showing out, it resulted to discrimination of the affected people. Some people viewed depression as a source of curse and, they could relate to such people (Terkel, 1970). The people who were affected were most of the time marginalized hence they were disturbed mentally because no one was willing to relate with them, being marginalized stimulated them to feel stigmatized and rejected by the society. Therefore, many patients wished to die rather than struggling with the stigma.