London experienced radical changes from 1750 to 1950 in several sectors (Hitchcock, 2004). These sectors included agriculture, manufacturing, transportation and business. They were the main driving force behind London’s industrial revolution. The transport sector played a major role in distributing freight and workforce in London. Between 1750 and 1950, London’s population rose drastically such that by 1900, it had increased by more than half as compared to the 17th century’s population (Hitchcock, 2004).
Before 1750, transportation technologies in London were mainly majored in rudimentary ways (Hitchcock, 2004). On land, animals were the main form of transport while at sea the transport relied heavily on wind power. During the era of industrial revolution, many technologies were invented in London improving the efficiency in transportation. The development of the steam engine, modification in canal system and railways transport system significantly enhanced trade and industrialization. Previously, trade was just limited within a radius of 5 kilometers. However, with these advancements, more freight could be transported through sea and land. In this regard, London attracted a considerably large number of investors than any other city in Europe. With increased investment, London city expanded to accommodate more buildings and infrastructures.
Like other administrative cities, London’s growth in the 19th century depended on its local government policies. The local government was restructured to ensure that the city accommodated its population (Hitchcock, 2004). In this regard, the local government was mandated with the expansion of the cities open-air markets, collection of litter in the streets and the transformation of the city’s transport system from horse drawn vehicles to steam engines. As a result, the local council attracted more population than any other cities in Europe necessitating increased housing facilities and other social amenities. As a result, London expanded in its geographical territories.
The increase in immigration in London was witness in the 18th century. During this time, a population growth of 25% was witnessed (Hitchcock, 2004). In Europe, many people migrated from various parts to London. The increase in employment opportunities and better amenities in London led to the rise in the city’s population. With the increased immigration, a shortage of housing facilities were experienced necessitating the expansion of housing facilitates. The local government was then mandated with the provision of housing and recreational facilities. In this regard, more buildings and sports facilities were built leading to the expansion of London city.