Magna Carta

Introduction of the Magna Carta is one of the most exciting historical events in English History as it marked a beginning of a new era. Magna Carta was a document by the Archbishop Stephen Langton and the most powerful barons of England that King John of England had to sign. In order to understand more about the reign of the King, it is crucial to consider the noble’s complaints, the differences between the nobles and the king’s interest and finally, the interests that both the king and nobles had in common.

Notably, the nobles disagreed with the way King John was ruling them as they saw him as one who ruled in his own favor. According to (Wareham 2005), the nobles had complained of the inconsistent increase in taxes whereby the landlords in turn had to pass the burden to the tenants. In addition, King John had taken over forests enforcing laws that reserved it for the king’s hunt thus imposing serious fines of encroaching for hunters who attempted to hunt in the forests. Besides, the King had taken hostage relatives of the aristocracy (Valente, 2003). The King went on to mistreat them while they were under hostage. Furthermore, the King had gone ahead to involve himself in church matters by quarreling with Pope Innocent III, which led to the King barring from the church. It is necessary to understand that the rebellion against King John was due to the disagreement between him and the nobles over his ways of ruling England.

Interests of King John during his rule differed with those of his nobles whom he ruled, which obviously led to protest against his way of ruling. King John allowed the nobles to hold land under the crown besides conditions that neither allowed them to sell the land nor lease it. For that reason, the nobles were not happy, since they wanted authority over the allocation of pieces of land. Furthermore, the King went on to differ with the nobles on the death tax he imposed as this led them to surrender pieces of land as collateral of payment. As a result, the King John disappointed the nobles as he continuously abused his royal power in order to acquire lots of wealth. In relation to the church matters, the nobles were not happy with King John’s interference in church decision making. According to (Kline, 2009), conflict arose between the King and the Pope Innocent III in the appointment of Archbishop Stephen Langton. Whereby, the King was against the Pope’s decision, since he wanted to influence the decision on who takes over the Archbishop’s post. Therefore, there was a tussle in a struggle over rights of the crown versus rights of the church. In addition, King John had held hostages who came from families of prominent nobles as a surety for the noble to remain loyal to him. According to (Hugh & Thomas, 2008), King John had intentions to make the nobles respect him just like the other English monarchs.

On the contrary, both the Nobles and the King had some outstanding interests in the way they carried on their activities. Even so, both the Nobles and the King had an interest in increasing their land and wealth by marrying widows who were wealthy. Notably, the King received payment from those men who were grateful to him; as a result, he went on to compel widows to remarry against their wish. Nobles and the king did not hold the tenant as a Freeman they had the tenant kneel down before them and have him swear an oath of fealty and allegiance. Usually, both the King and the nobles oppressed the poor in accumulate wealth from their hard work. In addition, the Nobles and Kings had the main interest in land whereby the King gave land to the nobles who acted as his vassals in return for his services.

In conclusion, the disagreements led to a civil war against King John that later brought, the unifying document. Remarkably, the Magna Carta brought an end to the grievances between the nobles and King John. It was historic as the nobles compelled the King to sign the document in order to continue with his reign as King of England.                  

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