The topic of modernity goes back to the historical era called post traditional between the 14th and the 17th Century at the beginning of renaissance in light of the move from agrarianism to industrialization. The notions of modernity are a significant and distinct concept which relates to modern era. Modernity is interrelated to the rise of capitalism. In essence, it is the tendencies of advanced change in intellectual culture, especially the modifications intertwined with secularization as well as post-industrial life. Today, the definition of modernity spans across the political, social, scientific, cultural as well as philosophical aspects of life. These spheres of life constitute an important part in the lives of those in the western societies who face them daily. On the other hand, modernity also comes as an important advantage to those outside the western societies.
According to Edward Said (1979) the western society is defined by the colonial powers such as Britain and France. Edward purports that these powers came with orientalism, which was marked by development in different series of discourses of academic, literarily and political endeavors. This development spread to other parts of the world such as the Arab world. It is worthwhile to not that the same regulations, norms, ideologies and perspectives observed in the western societies were applied to the Arab world that adopted the new system. In this respect, Edward Said thinks that adoption of the new system of representation is meant to empower the Arab world in scholarly thinking as well as cultural production and norms.
With respect to Said notion, modernity that was introduced through orientalism was pursed in these nations so that the powerful western imperialists can dominate easily. As such although modernity comes with global development and advancement to high culture, Said argues that it was an idea of the west and therefore only relevant in the western societies.
In the wake of civilization, many multifaceted literatures tend to approach this approach in a manner to consider modernity to have originated from barbaric, yet devoted to utmost deposition as well as submissions. One reason to support Edward is that many instances in Arab world highlight Muslims to have been tangled in political disorder due to the racial or cultural norms that are dehumanizing from the Islamic religious perspective. This is the result of forced modernity into people’s ways of life. It could be relevant with the western societies but not the majority of the world.
However, this does not mean there are no compromising situations. Modernity incorporated in major corners of the world had elements of asymmetric relationship where the western were oriental and determined what type of cultures to introduce and which ones to keep of the colonies. As such, not all aspects of modernity was introduced in these countries rather those which were deemed relevant and necessary.
It is quite clear that modernity was first started in the western. However, the spread to other parts of the world has been inevitable in a world that is increasingly growing global. This paper takes an extensive and intensive look in the argument that modernity should or should not have spread to other parts of the world because it is deemed only relevant in the western societies (Howard J.S., et al. 2005).
Relevance of Modernity to Western societies
Edward (1979) devotes to the notion that the way modernity was spread is like representation of oneself in a mirror. One is likely to know or see the change overtime. This might involve totalizing the tendencies of discourses so as to come up with a new culture or method of undertaking activities or carrying on one’s livelihood. For instance, a man finishing in Africa may find it very difficult to catch fish to feed the family, yet spent a whole day throwing the bait. With modernity comes the ability to catch fish in many parts of the Pacific Ocean and share it among the households through commercial trade. However, even when the fisherman is able to provide fish for the family because of modernization, another rule on providing and fending the family with the right amount of protein comes into play. Modernity evolves just like the western societies that are increasingly developing in their different diversities.
The social and cultural changes that came with modernity changed the nature of how individuals interact in day to day living. Western society’s level of association is slowly becoming less attached. This is because increasing development in every diverse demands attention learning and advancement. This calls for commitment and division of ones time into so many things reducing the time for family and social bonding. Nevertheless, the western societies learnt to concentrate in what is important. Today, those in the western have planned their working seasons well so that they rest during summer.
Today, many African ladies at the cost are known to work as sexual workers. This is not ethical and against the African social codes of conduct. The western societies take it lightly but in Africa it is costs much. When a woman is defiled or a woman engages in premarital sex a great crime that led to banishment or death as punishment. This is not the case in the western countries.
It is clear that modernity in the western countries was configured to suite their livelihood and vision in countries. Although at some time it has led to public controversy on how correct is the modern change, it has always been embraced after some time. Therefore, modernity seems to work best in the western world and fits quite perfectly as opposed to other parts of the world where the level of compromise to embrace something else is low.
The relevance of modernity in western countries is seen in schools too. The manner students’ behavior can be monitored to help them cope up with all the emotions and balance life. The identification of the negative impact that student misbehaviour has on the teaching or learning process is significant to both the child’s academic development and the class progress at large. As such, the teachers in schools ought to take fundamental initiatives to address a number of misbehaviours in students that contribute to their poor academic performance and personal development. Such misbehaviour may have an inappropriate general influence to the class behaviour. According to various theories on applied behaviour analysis, children with autism are less likely to understand and apply lessons or experiences from the everyday environment (Howard et al. 2005 p. 245). Majority of teachers can admit to the understanding that students at various times apply unsuitable or problem behaviour in an effort to get the attention of the class or their teacher. As such, this paper advances to develop a relative approach to student’s inappropriate behaviour change through the concept of development, social interaction, and communication skills.
On analysis of the inappropriate behaviour through the anecdotal notes and ABC analysis, provide a good foundation for the more effective intervention plan (Cohen et al. 2006 p. 148). The intervention plan brings together effective strategies to help the student from indulging in the same inappropriate behaviours like calling out answers, and verbal threats. Furthermore, it advances to teach replacement behaviour designed to develop the child and improve his academic performance (Hume 2005). It also makes sure that the student gets new opportunities to engage the acquired replacement behaviour to the extent of asking for assistance. Applied business analysis is evidence-based therapeutic approach in children behaviour change. The plan also gives the more opportunities for reinforcement of the replacement behaviour, putting into consideration easier application and better pay-off from inappropriate behaviour.
The methods used in this context show that the western countries do consider their options to themselves and lead to great results.
Complications and other possibilities
The issues of modernity escalate to complicated or even worse situations as one considers the possibilities of introducing to another society. The manner we dispose dirt, is differently viewed by other societies. This goes in line with the values and attitudes of the society. Therefore, modernization introduced from western countries in their process and methods of disposing anything might be considered harmful or unethical. Let us take the example of Africa.
Unfortunately, in Africa they had a different life where the social wellbeing was important in their lives and considered bonding an important aspect in their livelihood. As such, they took much time, although planned, to ensure that the social context was followed to the latter and not interrupted. The Africans have been referred to contrite little in the commercial sector. This is unlike the western societies. Therefore, as modernity was inclined to the economic sector and development that favor the development of these countries, the African culture was inclined to the social contexts.
In this line, bringing modernity to Africa meant a complete change in the entire nature of their relationships and culture and little economic activities. In fact, many authors and researchers have cited modernity to have defiled the African contexts of behavior and purity. On the other hand, it has ruined the lives of many to indulge in any activities for commercial gain. Today, many African ladies at the cost are known to work as sexual workers. This is not ethical and against the African social codes of conduct (Hume, 2005). The western societies take it lightly but in Africa it is costs much. When a woman is defiled or a woman engages in premarital sex a great crime that led to banishment or death as punishment.
Needless to say, modernity is a western idea and therefore it is relevant to the whole world. This is because the world is becoming global and modernization is reaching every corner of the world. At its inception, the limitation of modernization only in the western society would seem appropriate. The flow of information was slow at the industrial revolution time and adopting one system from another meant real change that most people were reluctant to undertake. It is at this times that the history of colonization began since the colonized were forced to adopt such systems. The topic of modernity goes back to the historical era called post traditional between the 14th and the 17th Century at the beginning of renaissance in light of the move from agrarianism to industrialization. It is quite clear that modernity was first started in the western. However, the spread to other parts of the world has been inevitable in a world that is increasingly growing global. Modernity has come with development in undertaking various activities today such as processing, mobility, movement of objects either forward, upward or generally in any direction that is easier than earlier thought. However, this may not necessarily apply to those outside the western societies (Cohen, et al. 2006). The social and cultural changes that came with modernity changed the nature of how individuals interact in day to day living. Western society’s level of association is slowly becoming less attached. The social and cultural changes that came with modernity changed the nature of how individuals interact in day to day living. Western society’s level of association is slowly becoming less attached. The issues of modernity escalate to complicated or even worse situations as one considers the possibilities of introducing to another society. The manner we dispose dirt, is differently viewed by other societies. This goes in line with the values and attitudes of the society. Therefore, modernization introduced from western countries in their process and methods of disposing anything might be considered harmful or unethical. For instance, the western societies take it lightly but in Africa it is costs much. When a woman is defiled or a woman engages in premarital sex a great crime that led to banishment or death as punishment.