Industrial revolution was the significant shift of world economies from manual and domestic based productivity to harnessing the power of machines to ease out work and increase productivity. It started at around late eighteenth century in Europe and grew outward spilling out of the continent into East Europe Asia and America. Industrialization is epitaphed by the improvements in textile industries, innovation of steam powered machines and the mining of iron and its use in industries.
America was a fertile ground over which industrialization quickly picked up after its introduction from Britain. The need for automation had long been apparent in the continent but was spurred by the events around the nineteenth century. The Embargo act of 1807 which barred America from exporting to Britain and during the war for independence it occurred to the founding fathers that America needed to stand on its own feet economically besides administratively.
The industrial revolution developed around three major factors in America i.e. transport electricity and industry. America quickly undertook the need for change to align the country to the new mechanization. The government sought to use innovative ideas to develop the country building railroad, roads like the Cumberland Road and completing the Erie Canal which boosted transport in America. Innovations were made which made communication easier for instance Samuel Morse discovered the telegraph and enhanced communication while Graham Bell later on developed the telephone.
Besides the communication the American industrial revolution develops electrical energy in order to power the industries that were being developed in an effort to create a new mechanized driven economy. Industries were initially run as horse powered mills which gave way to water powered machines and the mantle was eventually passed over to the steam engines which were invented in the early nineteenth century. Thomas Edison discovered the bulb and electrical energy has been advanced ever since.
Industry is the bastion of the revolution with a great need for its advancement. Inventers devised ways of mechanizing agriculture which led to increase in yields. Cyrus McCormick’s invention of the Reaper and John Deer’s Steel Plow saw a boom in harvests and efficiency of harvesting creating the need to process the produce. Horse powered mills were initially used to process the cotton which was in plenty. The development in the textile industry also led to further industrialization. In 1854 a watch making industry was established ion Waltham Massachusetts.
Industrialization led to massive migrations of people from the country to seek work in the industries which eventually led to urbanization and rise in population around towns. These lead to development and flourishing of urban areas. The urban community due to the limited resources opened up the flipside of industrialization with a cadre of people living in splendor while another in squalor. The lower strata of the society were exposed to crime and diseases. It also made them vulnerable to child labor with a large number of children having to work in the industries.
Industrialization boosted agricultural product ion and as a result led to increase in population as food became abundant. It also helped establish a modern means of transportation which opened up the country’s resources for exploitation. The Erie Canal and railroads availed resources and thus strengthened the economy of America improving the standard of living of the average American.
American industrial history is very important in understanding its global position currently. The policies that were established then have helped create a blueprint to fashion an economic dynamism that has allowed enterprise to grow. America has contributed enormously to the world industrial surge with various innovations ranging from machines, technology as well as science. The industrial revolution continues to mammoth American advancement as an industrial nation.