The 1947 National Security Act

After the end of the Second World War, the United States’ government realised that disorganisation was one of the factors behind its ineffective military apparatus. Then president, Harry S. Truman proposed changes in the security institutions’ organisation. Restructuring was vital in order to avoid inconveniencies in critical times. Furthermore, the government needed a relief from unnecessary spendings on the military. In 1947, the senate passed a bill, which significantly affected the U.S military machine, which included the intelligence service and the national intelligence agencies. It was during this period that the National Security Council and the post of the Secretary of Defence was created. In addition, the arms of the military were put under the secretary of defense (Truman, 1947). These actions were executed by the government to prepare for the imminent competition for military superiority with the communist and socialist states of the East. The government was anticipating serious military standoffs. It wanted to have a reliable and sustainable military and intelligence machine.

The congress expected to cut down the military maintaining costs while restructuring the management. Moreover, the government hoped for a better commanding structure in the military and more efficient utilisation of the resources, while still maintaining the grip on the military by the civilian government. Furthermore, the enactment of the law enhanced the reporting system, which became more reliable. The law was necessary for the stability of the military and efficiency of the intelligence service (Truman, 1947). Additionally, the sustainability of the military forces was significantly improved. The new structure, established by the government, made planning in the armed forces and security agencies easier. The National Security Council makes sure that the president carrys on the right decisions when an important issue is at stake. The overall reforms instituted by the 1947 National Security Act enabled swifter response and operation by the United States security apparatus.

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