The Conflict between Russia and Finland

War is a serious conflict that is usually a result of a deliberately planned and extensive armed conflict between several political communities. The conflict between Russia and Finland that is also known as the Winter War began on 30 November in the year 1939. The fact that Russia was going to attack in 1939 in order to determine Poland’s influence on Eastern Europe was kept in secret.The Russian invasion of Finland was mainly perceived as an equal fight between one of the world's largest counties and a small country which was isolated and alone. This in itself was enough to arouse universal sympathy for Finland in her solitary and unequal battle.

The theoretical goodwill of the western nations toward Finland was best shown in the reaction and attitude of the League of Nations. On December 3, Finland requested that the League Council took action to stop the attack, referring to articles 10 and 15 of the League Covenant. When the Council and the Assembly of the League convened in response to this appeal, the Soviet government in its reply of December 5 started from the fiction that the Kuusinen "government" represented Finland, and consequently argued that Russia was not involved in war actions with Finland.Very important was the help which the 30 million dollar loan from the United States signified. Its use, however, was limited to civilian purchases. Because of America's neutrality policy at the time, no old weapons were sold or allotted to Finland, though the same neutrality policy did not prevent their being given to England two months later. After the Russian attack, efforts to get in touch with Moscow having been unsuccessful, the Finnish government considered the use of an intermediary.

In considering the alternatives before it, the Finnish government still put peace in first place. The Finnish government therefore announced on March 5, via Stockholm, that it would accept the Russian terms as a start for peace negotiations, that it awaited a proposal of where and when the negotiations were to take place, and suggested an armistice according to the status quo.

 The whole Finnish industrial area was senselessly cut up, for example, the extensive lake system was blocked from the sea because the mouth of the Saimaa Canal was now in Russian hands. Ten percent of the Finnish population had lost their homes. Finnish defense possibilities had been catastrophically worsened. 

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