American Revolution is considered to be one of the most significant events in America’s history. Americans like other humans have always wanted to be free and are against any interference of foreign countries. This is what has made a number of immigrants move from other countries into the United States with the highest number observed in the colonial era. There are people whose need for freedom still drove them to live in America in the 21st century. The revolution that led to independence in America occurred over a long period of time and had various stages. The major events that led to the revolution have been noted and can be determined. The success of the revolution depended on the physical ability and willingness of Americans in the fight against British colonialists. The major events that led to American independence are regarded as boycotts against the activities of the British in various areas such as a failure to buy British products. One of the major characteristics that are associated with American Revolution is its conservatism. The purposes revolution are still considered not fully achieved despite the fact that America is currently independent. The major period when the revolution was significant is between the years 1763 and 1780. This is the year when the French and Indian wars ended following the drafting and subsequent signing of the Treaty of Paris in the same year. There are certain reasons why this revolution took place. This paper analyzes the revolution, its nature and the events that led to this revolution.
Nature of American Revolution
Many Americans were conservative while the British insisted on reform of their way of life. Therefore, the American Revolution was mainly focused on conserving their culture. Americans also fought for independence, because they wanted their commercial and agricultural economy to coexist. The revolution was characterized by introduction of ideas that saw the need to ensure radical changes in the country as a result of high level of oppression on Americans by the British. The war was also targeted towards abolition of aristocracy and improvement of social well-being of Americans by ensuring that the working class was respectful to the ordinary people. The war also targeted towards shifting control of power from the power structure to the people.
From the year 1777, the control of power remained in the hands of the people. Americans observed that British who had their own problems at home controlled them. Generally, Americans observed worse possibilities in everything that the British did and ensured that their complaints were exaggerated to free them from the rule of the British. In addition, the Americans engaged in smuggling, because it was costly to ensure that taxes were paid and the Americans were not provided with the best facilities in exchange for their work.
The revolution was also triggered by actions of the British of ensuring that the costs of maintenance of their empire were reduced by introducing certain acts such as the Sugar Act and the Currency Act. The Sugar Act was focused on extracting tax from Americans while Molasses Act ensured a tax of six pence was charged on each gallon of sugar or molasses that were imported into the colonies. This tax was later enforced on the Americans, and they had to pay it using items such as wines, coffee, and products from textile industries. Furthermore, the Currency Act of 1964 prohibited the “legal tender” money in certain regions in America resulting into burdens in colonies because of shortage of money. These acts led to slump in the production of rum. The Americans were becoming more uncomfortable with the experiences they were undergoing regarding the British as people who were trying to benefit where they had not invested. A number of meetings were convened to protest the acts; this led to inception of the idea of taxation without representation. These protests resulted into boycotts and formation of revolutionary groups that led the struggle for independence against the British.
Events during American Revolution
Following various approaches used by the British to oppress the Americans, a number of revolutions began to take place. These revolutions took place in different areas of British jurisdiction. The activities of these revolutions made most of Americans sensitive about their independence and, in the year 1780, the country became independent. Some of the revolutions that took place include the following.
I. Boston Massacre
This massacre led to sensitization of Americans regarding justice that they needed. It resulted in the fight for justice during the colonial times. British soldiers who worked as recoats in Boston caused it. These soldiers took advantage of their position by gaining fortunes from the local people. For instance, during off-duty hours, the British soldiers would engage themselves in free entertainments since they were unmarried men. This resulted into disagreement with the people of Boston. An exchange of insults and hatred took place between the people in Boston and the British soldiers. A bigger war occurred on 5th March 1770 beginning with taunts against soldiers guarding Customs House. Men started throwing snowballs and rocks at these soldiers, and the leader of these soldiers ordered them to kill the Bostonians. In the process, five Bostonians were killed while the judge who was presiding over the trial of the soldiers and their leader acquitted them arguing that they acted under self-defense. This act of the British made Americans angrier, and the rebellion against the British intensified.
II. Boston Tea Party
This is a drama that took place under the leadership of Samuel Adams; it was formed in reaction to the financial needs of the British India Company that was in dire financial needs. This resulted in the British allowing the company monopoly over tea that was exported. The American in certain areas decided to boycott the use of tea from British India Company. For instance, in Philadelphia, the tea from the British India Company was turned back. On the night of December 16th, 1773, a meeting was called by Samuel Adams where it was resolved that ships’ captains should return to England. However, Captain Hutchinson declined to allow Dartmouth tea to leave the port. The local Bostonians at the port disguised themselves as Indians and boarded the ships. They then dumped the tea into the harbor. It was also accompanied by the destruction of property. This act made the British colonialists angrier with the Bostonians, and a war erupted. This war is regarded as one of the factors that contributed to independence in the United States.
Most countries that were colonized by the European countries were compelled to use way in order to get their freedom back. The British openly used their colonies to generate revenue which angered the colonial natives. To make matters worse, they set up a harsh judicial system which would always rule in favor of the Britons which further increased the rift between the British administration and the colonized people. In the long run, war would erupt and the British would use their army to kill brutally.
This colonization approach was not sustainable. People would resist in the long run. This is why the Americans lost a whole shipment of tea during the final days of British control over America. Americans had been angered by the judgment in favor of British soldiers who had killed 5 Americans. At this point, the pressure against the British administration was too high and had to burst strongly with bloody war. This was a typical way that ended most of the British control over their colonies.