The whole idea behind the topic of study concerns the origin of the Native Americans. Native American in the united states are believed to be the indigenous people that are found in some of the boundaries of the united states such as; parts of Alaska in Hawaii among other places. The Native Americans are composed of many small sub-tribes and ethnic communities. In Alaska, they referred to themselves as the American Indians. In their societal life, many of these native Indians lived as hunters and gatherers. This was the main source of their survival. Gender mattered a lot as women and the men took part in different activities in the society and this was because of their sex. For instance, men were mostly hunters and gatherers whereas the women spend most of their time in the farm cultivating. It was confirmed that the Native Americans that descended from a single ancestral group, (Science Daily, 2009). A lot of events took place in their evolution for instance; colonization, assimilation, fusion, migration among others.
Colonization was evident in the mid-19th century where after the United States was colonized, president bush and his colleague Henry Knox decided that it was the high time they should civilize these Native Americans so that they could fit into that society. This was due to the preparation of United States citizenship. Thus this paved way for assimilation. It therefore became a consistent policy in the American administrations. The expansion of the European-American populations after the American Revolution resulted into high tensions among the citizens. It also increased pressure on the Native Americans land. This is thus one of the fears that the Native Americans faced just immediately after the colonization of the United States. These colonists took an advantage during their colonial era such that they often rationalized the state with the don’t care assumption that they were saving the pagan and barbaric world through the spread of Christianity.
This land pressures resulted into forced migration as the Native Americans were forced to migrate from their original place to the south side of the great Mississippi river. This decision was passed by the United States congress and thus the government was just authorized to evict the Native Americans fro that initial land. The migration of human beings can deeply be described as an origin from the Eurasia to the Americans took place via Bering Strait. This joined Siberia to Alaska. This migration is believed to have taken a minimum depth of approximately 12000 years ago. Hence it was a very long migration as it also involved them passing through the Pacific Ocean and in the northern Canada, afterwards settling to Alaska. As for myself, I was not part of the Native-Americans. The government took this inhuman act as they thought that by doing this they would have resolved the conflict between the groups of which was not the case. After the relocation of the Native Americans, the empty piece of land was to be occupied by the European-Americans. They encountered western tribes for trade. More and more expansion led the European-Americans encounter with the great plain tribes, this was their first encounter and there were strong conflicts between the two tribes. This eventually led to tribal wars. With time, the United States government signed a treaty with the conflicting tribes and established reservation for the European-Americans in the western states. This was the only way they could stop the endless conflicts.
Thus with these signed treaties, agreement was reached and understanding achieved therefore peace was fostered. The Native Americans, even though they were pushed that far, they were encouraged to adopt the European style of life which included the way they farm among others but this never favored them at all. This is because the land they were forcefully relocated to had poor soils thus they were unsuitable for farming. This was referred to as the archaic period. This culture thrived for a quite long period of time, for instance from 2200BC-700BC.
The population of the Native Americans had some consequences. For instance, it began declining and this was because of the diseases that they contacted from the Europeans during their long time migrations. These diseases spread faster thus subjecting the Native Americans to high death risks. There were genocide and warfare’s and these were facilitated by the ruthless colonists. The Native Americans also faced hostility from other tribes during their migration. Slavery was also evident and this was also during the period of colonization. Intermarriage at high rates is another consequence. This took place after the United States president signed the treaty that enabled the Native Americans and the Europeans calm down. This was the mingling opportunity and thus intermarriages.
Some of the diseases that attacked the Native Americans were such like the chicken pox, measles and small pox. The three were seen as very fatal to the Native Americans but they had no impact to the Europeans. The latter were able to resist them. Thus the Native Americans lost most of their lives through this because they had no proper immunity whereas the Europeans were well equipped. That is the reason behind their decline in population. Therefore in times of unpredicted epidemics, the whole village would be destroyed because of these deadly diseases. Despite the rapid decline of the populations and bitter rivalries with other groups, the Native Americans sometimes organized to form new groups as this would bring them together.