The second chapter of the book visits America in the years of 1400 to 1600.  A very significant feature of America in those days as outlined by the author has to do with the fact that the American people were more diverse with many different languages and culture. Within the period for instance, there were Algonquin Language cultures (up to 1600), Iroquian Language cultures (up to 1550), Mississippian cultures (up to 1600), Southern Athapaskan cultures (starting from 1500) and several of those.  Towards the end of these times however, there is seen a major transformation in the lifestyle and general lifestyle of the American people because of the arrival of the Europeans.

Writing further on, the authors dedicate chapter three of the book to Colonization and Conflict in the South (1600-1750). The writers lamented on how the consolidated identity of the Southern American people sudden got invaded by the arrival of the Europeans. Colonization was a common phenomenon in those days but the American people saw it as a way of invading their identity and self recognition. The writers create the awareness that the period was characterized by the creation of the 13 colonies and this was actually met with fierce opposition and conflict in America.

The authors visit the same title in the third chapter but with emphasis on the Northern part of America when they wrote on the title of Colonization and Conflict in the North [1600-1700”. Within the era, the British established themselves firmly in America with the first permanent British colony was established in Jamestown in the Chesapeake Bay region in 1607 (Heilbronn Timeline of Art History, 2010). Just as in the South, there were a couple of conflicts that characterized the colonization. This not withstanding, a great impact was made especially with regards to the promotion of Arts and British culture in America by the colonial masters.

In chapter five, the writers write on The Mosaic of Eighteenth-Century America [1689-1771]. The iconic characterization of this era is that the people of America became more and more aggressive for the need for independence amidst a consented effort by even more European nations to gain authority over America. These nations were Spain, French and England. The authors make it clear that the need for further struggle for power had increased because the other nations had realized the viability of economic development in America. Subsequently, there were “three major wars fought in both Europe and America between 1689 and 1748”.

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