This paper is a reflection of the topic Zionism and its early Arab opponents; it critically analyzes the author’s views and thought on the topic. The author describes the of the Zionism movement that was started by Theodor Herzl (1860-1904) a Hungarian writer who was reacting to the anti-Semitism that was in Europe. The pamphlet “The Jewish State” served as great inspiration to many Jews to form the Zionist movement. Its formation was however counter with resistance and opposition from the Muslim groups (Gettleman, & Schaar, 2003).

In his pamphlet, Theodor never called for the return of the traditional Jewish cultures and practices; in addition, he was not advocating to the Jews to return to Zion (Israel) to wait for the messiah. He had a very worth call that would seek to protect the Jews who were oppressed. This could be interpreted as incitement or advocating for a cult to settle in certain areas; however it was a clear strategy of ensuring the Jews stayed together and helped each other. The Jews only needed a land that would accommodate them (Gettleman, & Schaar, 2003). The Jews were requesting for a land in Palestine nonetheless this was to be only possible if they had authority from the sovereign government.

Although this was noble plea there were numerous huddles since the land was inhabited by numerous Arabs. In addition, the Arabs would be rebellious to any other groups that settled there. The Jews would be desperate to settle in any land given since they were running away from oppression. This would force them to settle in any land and Herzl proposed that they would move to Africa or Latin America i.e. Argentina (Gettleman, & Schaar, 2003).

The pamphlet by Herzl came as an eye opener to the Jews who had formed the World Zionist Organization. This group only was more focused on settling on no other land than Palestine. This was a revolutionary movement that would force its way to settle in the state of Palestine. In his article “The Jewish State: An Attempt at a Modern Solution of the Jewish Question” Herzl, was a great inspiration since it gave them the ideas that settling in Palestine would be a better option, which they adopted. The British further aggravated the issues since for the period of the Word War I they conquered the lands and allowed the Zionists to establish settlements. The Barfour Declaration acted as a promise that gave the Jews a green light to settle there. This marked the return of the Zionists to Israel (Gettleman, & Schaar, 2003).

The Jews were justified to stay in numbers since they were always persecuted; moving in as a group reduces the chances of attacks from the enemies. This means that they needed to settle on large areas since they will be many. The Jews had undergone so much persecution that the author writes “Their equality before the law has become practically a dead letter. They are debarred from filling even moderately high positions, either in the army, or in any public or private capacity. And attempts are made to thrust them out of business also:  "Don't buy from Jewsl” (Gettleman, & Schaar, 2003, p.166).

They lived a life of isolation and would always be discriminated against; they were attacked in parliament, assemblies, the press, and the streets while travelling. Imagine being locked from certain hotels and recreation places and one cannot walk on the streets feeling free. This cannot be said to be modern day slavery. Just like the era of racism and apartheid the Jews had to live a stressful life of being looked down upon; this would naturally create an instinct where they would protect themselves (Gettleman, & Schaar, 2003). In settling in Egypt they were assured of security and a better life since they would have basic necessities. They were assured that the country has fewer persecutions since it varies according to social circles and countries. If the Jews were more in an area the cases would always be less since they will identify each other and defend themselves. In his intentions, Herzl created the Zionist movement to end such slavery and end Semitism. This was a simple and perfect plan to counter the other plan that would seek to divide, rule and mistreat the Jews.

However, by doing this they would have gone against the rules of the state, Herlz state that this was not impossible. Zionism would be defined as a bridge to end the suffering and connecting the haves and have not. This is because the discrimination had led to people being poor and less educated making them social misfits in society. To bridge the gap the society of Jew and the Jewish Company would be the driving force. This unity was a perfect formula to ensure the rights of the Jews were respected in all countries (Gettleman, & Schaar, 2003). It is a system that would ensure they were empowered both economically and socially. The poor would the first to strike by cultivating the land, build bridges and roads, railways and communication channels. In creating a new state they would start from scratch and ensure they provided the basic necessities to all the Jews.

This process was not mandatory for anyone but everyone was free to fight to establish the new state that would guarantee them freedom and prosperity. The Jew would earn the right to be associated with the state and hence be recognized by the government and thus be named a state. This was a well thought out plan that would end the great struggle of the landless Jews and mark their return to Israel (Gettleman, & Schaar, 2003). It is within a matter of time that the Zionists would acquire a neutral piece of land in Palestine.

Despite the Jews earning their way to the state the locals would always feel threatened with the infiltration of the Jews meaning that it would take the sovereign government to stop any further immigration. This was a way to spark disagreements and war since the immigrants would always be more aggressive in a foreign land (Gettleman, & Schaar, 2003). The society of the Jews was involved in the negotiations which ensured that the Zionists would get the land and the rights to the land. They would choose either Palestine or Argentine. This was no big task for them since they would only accept what they were given.

Regardless of Argentine being better in terms of fertility and larger to stay, most Jews would prefer the Palestine since it was more memorable to them since it was their historic home. Many of the Zionist would trip back to their homeland to enjoy what it had to offer. This would present greater chances of economic growth that would not only benefit the Middle East but also to the whole of Europe.

The Zionist encroachment was a scheme that would seek to end the stay of the Jews in Palestine. Palestine’s were made to believe that the Jews were milking the benefits of the land in addition to colonizing them. They were made to believe that they were the victims and were to take the necessary action to chase away the Jews from their fatherland (Gettleman, & Schaar, 2003). By chasing the Jews away they were seen to defend their motherland which was not only unjust and inhumane but untrue. This was no good way of making peace but planting vengeance and discrimination between societies that would live forever in peace.

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