In the society, justice to prevail by punishing those who are found guilty of crime. Without punishing law offenders the society can degenerate into a lawless quagmire where individuals do as they please while harming others with impunity. Death penalty is a form of punishment that can be administered against capital offenders in the society. This punishment has become controversial in the society and has attracted debate from different circles. Some countries in the world still practice this form of punishment while others have abolished it basing on ethical and legal issues that have been associated with the penalty. However the use of death penalty is some countries have elicited sharp criticism and opposition from different angles. It is vital first of all to consider the side that advocates for the removal of the punishment and instead the adoption of life sentence or any other form of justice that would not call for removing life. (Ehrenfeld, 2001)
Death penalty as a form of punishment should be abolished because of the severe consequences it has on the wider society than the individual who committed crime.
Sentencing a prisoner to death by a court of law is a matter that has a greater impact on the family and relatives of that particular individual. It is vital to understand that it is not the individual who suffers but the people who are left behind. Relatives and close family members have to endure the grief of the departed person whenever the death penalty is passed by court. In this case the court does not put into consideration the psychological implications that directly relate to the family members of the prisoner. In some cases, the convicts could be having a very big part to play to the welfare of the family and the community. With the death penalty all this potential is thrown away.(Hugo,2007)
Life is a precious commodity that no man can create. Therefore there should be no justification whatsoever for any society or individual to take away life. Social scientists have argued that that murder is just murder. Even though some criminals might have committed heinous acts like murder that put them in jail, murder is not the most suitable punishment to correct the injustice. Giving such people a death penalty means that somebody would be given the authority to take away their lives. To some extent the person who takes away the lives of such criminals can also be said to be perpetrating murder against the death row criminals. The fact that they also take away the life of fellow human beings, all the people who are involved in the killing of death row convicts are reduced to the level of murderers in the society. This is because the penalty has to be administered by humans and not robots that lack ethical considerations. (Amnesty International, 2009)
The death penalty is a punishment that aims at preventing future crimes by setting the example right to the public. Punishing a criminal to death serves more of elimination than a corrective measure to prevent crime in society. Once an individual is killed through a death penalty he or she would not suffer or be rehabilitated, instead he or she is completely eliminated from the society. Death penalty essentially does not serve to correct the people who are found guilty of heinous crimes. The death penalty cannot be considered to be a deterrent to other crimes. There is no sufficient evidence to justify the assertion that death row can lead to a reduction in crime against humanity such as murder and assault. As much as some convicts face the death penalty in countries like the United States, heinous crimes are still part and parcel of the society. Murder as one of the capital offences that can call for a death penalty is a very hard crime to control in the society. This well said, it is important to note that criminals would always be there in the society. The death penalty against Sadam Hussein has not stopped dictatorship and terrorism. There are still more threats to the security of the United states despite the death penalty being put in place to punish offenders. (Dieter, 1993)
Research findings have also established that the majority of the people who receive death penalty are those from poor family backgrounds. It is vital to mention that capital crimes. One committed by both the poor and the rich people in the society. The worst thing is that the rich people can use their resources to tamper with the justice system and reduce the penalty when they are convicted of crimes. On the other hand, the poor people who even lack legal representation, would end up facing the wrath of the judiciary and hence the death sentence if found guilty of certain crimes. It is not right to say that crime is only committed by the poor people. The wealthy in the society also commit serious crimes that can amount to death row but money seems to be their savior. The death penalty therefore works only best for the poor people but for the rich they seem to be favored because of their position and influence in the society. (Hugo, 2007)
Any work that is handled by humans is subject to errors and court systems are no exception. An error can be committed within the system that can lead into a death penalty against the accused. If such an error is discovered after the death penalty has been executed, then there is no possibility that the life that would have been lost can be recovered. In such a case the court system cannot reverse back and get the killed person back. This shows how the death penalty is a serious crime that needs a lot of ethical consideration. In case an error is discovered in the system then the lost lives cannot be recovered. (US Remains in Killing Club,2000)
Everybody should be given a chance to life. People who commit capital offences should be given a chance to live and change so that they can be a testimony to deter future crime by telling other people that crime does not pay. Making them to serve the rest of their lives in jail curtails their freedom to interact in the outside society. However killing them through the death penalty does not serve to change them but rather to eliminate them from the society. This goes against religious teachings that say that it is only God who should give and take away life.(Dieter,1993)
It is also equally important to consider the other side of the debate. Death penalty should be viewed as a tool of restoring justice in the society. In a society where there is law and order, it is important for people to get what is due to them. It is a fact that criminals and law offenders disturb the law and order that the society requires. It is therefore justifiable for death penalty to be imposed upon those who unjustly deny others a chance to live, their peace and other vital requirements. Death penalty therefore performs the role of restoring justice in the hearts of those who have been offended by making the guilty ones to pay for the crimes they commit against others in the society. By facing death, this helps to restore law and order and reaffirms to the aggrieved party that there is justice in the society. (Hugo,2007)
Social scientists have argued that crime is a human behavior and has the tendency of being repeated time and again. That well said, it is vital to underscore that the society becomes at risk if some criminals are released back into the society. Somebody who killed another one and ended up serving a jail term should not be released because he could also kill another person. Based on this assumption, such people aught to be completely eliminated from the society so as to protect the law abiding citizens from the potential future attacks. Death penalty essentially serves as a preventive measure in the sense that those who are perceived to be a potential threat to the security of others should be eliminated so as to guarantee the security off the majority. (Wann,2000)
In conclusion, it is vital to maintain that death penalty serves to eliminate rather than to correct those who are found guilty of various capital offences. Elimination does not deter future crime because since the practice began in the United States there are still more similar crimes that are still being reported today. The possibility of innocent people being denied their right to life exists especially in a justice system that has been associated with human errors and other teachnicalities.Death is therefore not a good form of punishment. The justice system should look for better alternatives that are corrective than eliminatory.