Major Agreements and Compromises Made At the Constitutional Convention and Embodied In the US Constitution
A strong sense lies in the statement about the key agreements and compromises made during the Constitutional Convention. The Convention comprised of fifty five delegates that met on May 25, 1787. They had a strong conviction for a powerful State Council. In addition, they needed to make some amendments to the Constitution and articles within the US Constitution. In this discussion, the focus will be on key agreements and compromises that were made during the Constitutional Convention.
When the delegates met, they had a substantial question in mind. They considered the possibility of trying to adapt the Articles of Confederation or simply abandon them and, in turn, launch a new system of government. According to the agreement, it was considered too early to create a new system represented in the unprecedented federal regulations. At the time of drafting a new Constitution, it was obvious that the major conflict to the agreement about the governmental system would be attaining equilibrium between the desires of the key stakeholders that were large and small states. During the Convention, a number of frameworks became imperative. One of such critical frameworks was James Madison’s governmental organization presented in the Virginia Plan. The Plan focused on offering solutions to the diverse conflicts of interest and proposed for a strong and centralized national government as opposed to the loose Confederation of Independent States. Within the Virginia Plan, the council received power of not only legislation, but also taxation. The Virginia Plan permitted the Congress to veto state laws and rely on the military power against the individual states. As a result, the Virginia Plan received a tough opposition, particularly concerning the framework for representation based on the proportional population.
Significantly, all the delegates reached a compromise on the need for a strong central government. However, after some time, a spirited debate established the flaws within the Articles of Confederation, which lacked the structure of efficient governance. Therefore, it gave the rationale for the total scrapping of the entire framework, so that the delegates could rectify the errors within the Articles of Confederation. Thus, a new scheme should replace the previous one. A total sweep of the old framework and ushering in of a new scheme gave the delegates the liberty to contravene conventions and plan for a novel structure of government.
In the new framework, the delegates reached a consensus that legislative representation is central to the democratic republican governance, which had a principal function in the Constitutional Convention. Its main course was to focus on the founders of power of the Congress. In this case, they agreed that the majority of power of the Federal government lays in the legislative representation. On the other hand, there was a compromise, when it came to the perceptions of the large and small states. It was natural for the large states that the representation in the Congress had to parallel the state population. This meant that the large states needed more representation than the small ones. The same reason was given within the Virginia Plan. Under the auspices of this framework, the Congress representation would be dominated by the large states. However, there were passions that came out so strongly in favor of the alternative plans giving way for the Connecticut Compromise. The obstacles did not override the process of drafting the new Constitution since this happened within the shortest period possible.